Calender 1900 ill.Wayang figure Ganesha
Kretek promo Wayang Semar smoking 1930
Wayangwong painting 1938
Ancient Wayang book Semar handpainted
Anciet Wayang Book's callygraphy
Wayang Kulit Shadow Show Painting 1928
Vintage Wayang Mask
Wayang golek Sundanese
MB label Wayang figure Semar
Wayang kulit Cheribon P.postcard 1951
Wayang Berber painting 1938
Wayang berber watercolour painting 1945
UCM : UNIQUECOLLECTION CYBERMUSEUM
DURING LOUNCHING DAY FEB.9TH 2010
PRESENTED UCM BEST COLLECTIONS
THE INDONESIA WAYANG COLLECTIONS
@copyright Dr Iwan S.2010
1. UCM FOUNDER ‘S PREFARCE
Due to UNESCO announcement that Wayang Kulit , a shadow puppet theater and the best knw of the Indonesias Wayang, as a Masterpiece of oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity and also the later announcement in Novenmebr 7th 2003 , in return of the acknowledgment, UNESCO demanded INDONESIA TO PRESERVE THEIR HERITAGE.
I think all the collectors in the world especially native Indonesian must keep all vintage Wayang collections and write a report informations because Wikipedia said that not much informations about Wayang have found .
When I sought the wayang information via Google exploration , no systematic historic informations found.only the scattered short informations but with the warning “YOU AREN’T AUTHORIZED TO READ THIS INFORMATIONS” I must joined as the Mamber with paid contributions.
I donn’t understand why the heritage of Humanity wayang collections must paid not free, I hope UNESCO will asked the provider to open that Human Herritage informatins with the UNESCO sponsorship for the provider operational cost,may be star with Uniquecollections blog Wayang collections, may be one of the unesco staff read adn look this UNC Wayang Collection free show.
One of my friend said to me, don’t show your collections because after that show your collections didn.t have value anymore, he was the trader in his mind only how to ge profit, different with me I like all the collector all over the world know the uniquecollection informations.
During Google exploration , all the writers used the Wikipedia free informatios :
(1) Wayang is an Indonesian word for theater (literally “Shadow’ means Bayangan) .When the term is used to refer to kind of puppet theater, sometimes the puppet itself is referred to as Wayang. Performace of shadow puppet thearter accompanied by “gamelan” (java music) in Java and “gender” in Bali.(the sound like Timbels Tang tang Ting Tang Tang etc or TAng Tang Tang !!).
The legend in Indonesia said Java have many copper metal that is why they have made many type round gamelan from small to bigger one(gong) that is why the sound slowly and honorarilly , when the blambangan man run to Bali from East java they cann’t brought musch metal, they made Gender like Copper Bonk and the sound more faster and dynamic rasembled like the bird fly because the fled from Java, and the Sumatra’s have not much coppers they had more gold, that is why the use onle two r three round “Talempong” and the sound like the Horseride Tang-Tong tak tong Tong.
They were many types of Wayang due to the historic development of Indonesian nation from the Hindu era, Budha era, and Islamic Era. Each of the era developed their special type, that is why we must connected the Wayang collections with the History of Indoensia nation building.
During the era before Islam came to Indonesia, the type of Wayang will the Human dancer with their Masked (Wayang Wong=Orang), the wooden puppet near human original profile (Wayang Karucil or Wayang Kletik, and during islamaic era forbidden the show the human figure because will “berhala” only one God Allah, also the the prophet profile forbidden to show, one day my mother burmed a book with the islamic prophet figure she said forbidden and not allowed toshow that picture because his grandpa was Islamic and she also cann’t eat pork, that is why during islamic era very difficult to found Human figure like wayang in Batiks, ceramic and other wooden statue except in traditinal era in Nias,Bataks, and Dayaks. May be all the Wayang human figure archived were burned by the Islamic people, and the Wayang golek with not natural human figure made by the animal dried skin allowed to show their Shadow(Bayang later became Wayang). The west Java,and zbali aslo have their wayang with different names.
The stry related to Wayang theater related to the development of religious in Indonesia, the Hindu and budha priest also islamic ulama uset the Wayang theater show for the religious development that is why the story reffered to the religious like Hindu mahabrata and ramayana, Buddha have their own pupput by chinese overseas called Wayang Potehi with the Chinese heros figure puppet,During Mojopahit the story of Damarwulan at wayang Karucil and the islamic shadow wayang Golek.
When my first research begun 20 years ago, I have found many difficulties because i cann’t read Dutch , Old javanese langguage Wonocaroko and ancien Arabic malay langguage but after met many wayang collestors I starting t undersatnd but not all type of character that is why please all wayang collectors all over the world to help me for translated the collections.
I hope UNESCO want to be wayang uniquecollecetion sponsored because I have the competitor the Ryal dutch KTILV organizations because they swept all the archived wayang collections with very high price, I have ever met their man asked them to work together but until this day no communications I donn’t understand they may be still think they ware the zupper lavel and Indonesian still below “Inlander” remember we are the same human in the world no colonial anymore, the Wayang collection as to Human haritage lets keep together ,we are in the same wolrd .
Dr Iwan S.
the founder of uniquecollection.wordpress.com blog
2. CHRONOLOGIC HISTORIC WAYANG COLLECTIONS
PLEASE READ AND LOOK THE ILLUSTRATIONS OF UCM WAYANG COLLECTIONS WILL PUT IN THIS BLOG LATER :
II. THE WAYANG COLLECTIONS BEFORE ISLAMIC ERA
Hindusim arrived in Indonesia from India and slowly adopted the local belief system,Sansekrit became the literary and court language of java and later Bali.
May be in this era storytelling tradition that had a profound impact on the development of traditionl puppet theater.
The Hindus changed the Wayang to spread their religion mstly by the stories from Mahabrata and Ramayana.
The Islamic King have fight each other in order to cupied the Middles East area have changed the scial and political situation in Europe
The first record of a wayang performance, an inscription date in this year which said “Si Galigi Mawayang” ( Sir galigi played Wayang). Galigi was an itenerant performer who was request to perform for a special Royal ocasion , at that event he(dalang) performed a story abut the hero Bhima from the mahabrata.
Wayang developed from 9th-10th centuries as a media for communication.
5.During Majapahit Kingdom, the Wayang karucil with the story of Damar wulan still exist in Indonesia until early 20th century ( look at Wayang Karucil story collection 1900.)
Wayang Karucil also called Wayang Kletik, because the sound tik tak from two wooden wayang puppet impact each other during playing.
Wayang Karucil puppet figures accupy a middle group between the figures of Wayang golek and wayang kulit. They are constructed similary to wayang kulit figures but from thisn pieces of wooden instead leather and like wayang kulit figures are used at shadow puppet.
A further similary was that they are the same smaller size like wayang kulit figures, however wood is more subject to brakage than leather during the Battle scenes , wayang karucil figures obtain sutain considarable damage.
The Wayang karucil figures came orriganlly from eastern Java and the origin of the stories involved in this puppet plays came from the Kingdoms of eastren Java : Janggala,Kediri and Mojopahit.
From Jengala and kediri Kingdom came the story of Raden Pandji which told the adventures a pair of young villagers with their fighting cock. (readl The story of Wayang Karucil collections-1900 will put later in this blog)
Wayang karucil can be used to performed puppet plays either during the day or at night, this type of wayang is relatively rare.
If the story from Javanese jistory and romance , the wayang playing called Ketoprak, it is differs from Wayang orang, which shares with Wayang kulit a repetoire drawn from the hindu epics mahabrata and Ramayana.
Wayang Wong(Human) developed when the center of javanese kingdom move frm Prambanan (central java) to east java.
Wayang wong also known as Wayang orang (literally human) is a type of theterical performance with themes from the kingdom of jenggala in which the player wera mask and known as Wayang Topeng 9literally mask)
III.THE WAYANG COLLECTIONS DURING ISLAMIC ERA
1.When Islam begun to spread in Indonesia for display God or gods human form was prohibited, and the style of painting and Wayang play was suppressed.
Raden Patah King of Demak Java, who preferred to see the Wayang in its traditional frm , but failed to obtain permission from the Muslim religious leader. As an alternative, the religious leaders converted the Wayang Golek into wayang purwa made from leather, and displayed only the shadow instead of the figures itself, instaed of the forbiden figures only their shadow picture was displayed, this era were the birth of Wayang Kulit.
2. 18th century
(1) early of 18th century
the collection of a hand written caligraphy Javanese wonocaroko and Malay- Arabic char translate ‘s book with watercolour handpainted Wayang Punakawan , this rare native paper book collections was one of the best unicollection belong to Dr iwan S. (read and look i”Ancient Wayang handpainted caligraphy book” will put later in this blog)
(2)In the middle of 18th century Wayang kulit’s Rama and Pandawa play at Wayang Wong theaters. The Dalang (narative and troupe leader) provide a suluh(prelude)
(3) Wayang Sri Wedari first performanced at solo (still until now) based on the European drama, created by KGPA Mangunegara I (the King of Solo.)
(4) circa 1860
The vintage Wayang Golek Cepak of Indramayu west Java circa 1860 ,150 years ago all were written in the old song book with the date of created in java language, but the old book were broken , have sold to a Wayang collectors from Jakarta by the last owner from four generations because he need money for his leaving cost because after played the wayang cepak almost 50 years, now the Wayang cepak theater have lost the audinece,many Indramyu people more prefer the new theater which cost much lower about 15 % of the Wayang theater cost and aslo not many dalang exist anymore.
The type of antique and unique Wayang Cepak which have sold were Wayang Cepak Garuda (Indonesian eagle,look the illus-tration) , Butha Naga (the blind dragon), Ketek putih (white armpit) and Lamsijan ( the humor type of Wayang cepak) like Cepot (one f the five The wayang clown punakawan, the the Semar,Petruk, Gareng and Bagong)
The Wayang cepak story , about the Menak (the Java high level society ) in the desert countries (Arab Gulf) which came to Indonesia archipelago, that is why before this wayang was called Wayang Menak, but later became Wayang Cepak because the head of Wayang Papak or Cepak which have no telekung top of head (straight).
One of the wayang Cepak story was about the Prophet Muhammad SAW uncles, Hamzah, and the other story from Babad (history) Ceribon , also the mythos about the North Beach of of West java. The Wayang cepak theater only exist during the ethnic traditional celebration like Ngunjung Buyut ( Came to greetgrandchildren)- (all the informasion based from Timbuktu Harthana, Kompas newspaper,March 2010. compile with another vintage book by Dr Iwan S. I hope Mr Hathana sent more info via comment)
The rare Wayang Calender with Java-Dutch-Malay date. collections (read and look “Wayang Calender collection-1900” will put in blog later)
WELCOME TO UNIQUECOLLECTION CYBERMUSEUM(UCM) SPECIAL SHOW
Wayang Kulit Puppet maker Picture Postcard
(1)Batavia Wayang Wong Masked dancer Picture postcard published by Tio Hek Honh wetevreden Batavia.
(2)A serial Wayang Wong Picture postcard :(a) Sembadra & Pregiwati,(b) Srikandi,(c) Walkoedera & Gatotkatja,(d) Abimajoe
Chinese Wayang Wong at Batavia Picture Postcard
7. 1919 Wayang Kulit shadow puppet performace Picture Postcard.
The Wayang beber painting -colour engraved
The picture of Wayang Beber painted on canvas made from cloth scroll plate.
The Ciung wanara , the legend among sundanese people have showed at elite and oriental Bioscop (Majestic) Bandung. The story of Manaroh or Ciung Wanara or Prabu Suratana or Prabu Jaya Prakasrsa who went to feast(bertapa) and the Kingdom lead by the menistry Lutung Kasarung.(comedian Wayang)
The wayang Kulit paintings card in the book “INDIE” written by J.C.Lamster reproduced the wayang painting by the expatriat painters Hermanus Josephus Wolff . ( read and look ” The Wayang Kulit Painting card” will put later in this blog)
The first Wayang Wong grup Ngesti Pandawa performanced.
(1)Costum of Mask for Wayang wong performance followed the iconography of Wayang kulit shadow theater of Cheribon (reported Pignaud)
The rare wayang book with illustration “DE Dalang Acter ‘T Sherm” by de Hon & Zuidhof, Wlters Batavia.
(3) The bank of Java issued Wayang Papermoney 200 gulden based on the painting by C.A. Lion cachet.
The Dutch Governor General Tjarda van Starkenborg officially opened the Wayang Museum Batavia(Jakarta) as the old batavia museum. later n its collections were mved to the now Jakarta History museum while this building strated to house the wayang puppet. The Wayang or puppet Museum pened on August 13th 1975 by the Jakarta governur.
( The information from the wayang Musuem in the book Guide to Our Museum,Jakarta,1992:
Wayang are classified based on the main material they are made off; the wooden one, for instance , are called Wayang Golek, while the one made f buffalo-hide or goat dried skin are known as the Wayang Kulit. wayang golek are three dimensional puppets made of wood and dressed with colourful batik cloth while the Wayang kulit are made of intricately carvaed and painted hide.
The Dalang or puppeteer manipulates the movements f the puppets by means f thin woden rods attached to the puppet’s body. A spirited dalang can fascinate his audience for endless hours)
Dutch East Indie(Indonesia) issued Wayang Dancer 4 cent stamp , painted by J.F.Dichhoft.
15.The Early 20th century Wayang matchbox label collections.
The original Wayang Berber waterclour handpainted collections.
Postally used Wayang Postcard send from CDS Ceribon 3.9.51 to Djakarta.
Terang bulan (moon shining) magazine with wayang story “Tjekel Endroloyo” & illustrationa. .
the Book “Wayang dan Karakter Wanita(women character)” by Ir Sri Mulyono with illustrations.
The rare vintage book about wayang ” Wayang a sophisticated manisfestation of combined arts in Indnesia ” with many infrmations and illustration written by R Soprapto. ( read and look “indonesia modern Wayang -1979” will put later in this blog).
@C0PYRIGHT Dr.Iwan S.2010