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Archive for December, 2010

Driwancybermuseum’s Blog

WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

THE FOUNDER AND ALL STAFF WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS AND HAPPY NEW YEAR 2011
We hope the next Year all of the collectors all over the world will Found more interesting collections and always visit this interesting and amizing blog
Showcase :
The Embroidery (Sulaman) Collections New Year 2011 Exhibition
Frame One:
The Dr Iwan Embroidery Collections Foun in Indonesia.
1.Minangkabau Handmade
1)Kristik

2)native embroidery

3)Bead Embroidery

2.Machinal embroidery
1) Vintage Mechanical embroidery Book(Bordir)

2)Indonesian Kebaya(Bordir Kebaya)

Frame two:

The Embroidery Historic Collections
Embroidery

Traditional embroidery in chain stitch on a Kazakh rug, contemporary.

PS MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYBERMUSEUM BLOG, PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2011

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WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showcase :

The Malawi Collections Exhibition

Frame One:
The Malawi Collections
1.Postal History
1)colony(Nyasaland)

2) Independent

2.Numismatic Collections

3.Travel Around with Pictures collections

4.native art

Frame Two:

The Malawi Historic collections
Malawi

Republic of Malaŵi
Chalo cha Malawi, Dziko la Malaŵi

Flag Coat of arms

Motto: Unity and Freedom[1]
Anthem: Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi (Chichewa)
“Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi”[2]

Capital Lilongwe
13°57′S 33°42′E / 13.95°S 33.7°E / -13.95; 33.7
Largest city Lilongwe[3]
Official language(s) English, Chichewa[4]
Demonym Malawian
Government Multi-party democracy
– President Bingu wa Mutharika
– Vice President Joyce Banda
Independence from the United Kingdom
– Independence declared July 6, 1964
Area
– Total 118,484 km2 (99th)
45,747 sq mi
– Water (%) 20.6%
Population
– 2009 estimate 15,028,757 (64)
– 1998 census 9,933,868[5]
– Density 128.8/km2 (94th)
333.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
– Total $13.149 billion[6]
– Per capita $925[6]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
– Total $4.778 billion[6]
– Per capita $336[6]
Gini (2008) 38
HDI (2008) 0.493[7] (low) (160th)
Currency Kwacha (D) (MWK)
Time zone CAT (UTC+2)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+2)
Drives on the left
ISO 3166 code MW
Internet TLD .mw[4]
Calling code +265[4]
1 Population estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.
2Information is drawn from the CIA Factbook unless otherwise noted.

The Republic of Malawi ( /məˈlɑːwi/; Chichewa [malaβi][need tone]) is a landlocked country in southeast Africa that was formerly known as Nyasaland. It is bordered by Zambia to the northwest, Tanzania to the northeast, and Mozambique on the east, south and west. The country is separated from Tanzania and Mozambique by Lake Malawi. Its size is over 118,000 km2 (45,560 sq mi) with an estimated population of more than 13,900,000. Its capital is Lilongwe, the second largest city is Blantyre and the third large city is Mzuzu. The name Malawi comes from the Maravi, an old name of the Nyanja people that inhabit the area.

PS MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYEBRMUSEUM BLOG,PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

the end @ Copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2010

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WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showcase :
The Nigeria Collections Exhibition

Frame One:
The Nigeria Collections
1.Postal History
1)British Rule

2) Independent

2.Numismatic Collections
3.Travel Around with Pictures collections 4.native art

Frame Two:
The Nigeria Historic collections

——————————————————————————–

Prehistory
Ancient and Middle Ages
(Before 1500)
Early modern period
(1500–1800)
Colonial Nigeria
(1800–1960)
Nigerian First Republic
(1960-1979)
Civil War
(1967–1970)
History of Nigeria (1979–1999)
Nigerian Second Republic
(1979-1983)
Nigerian Third Republic
(1993-1999)
Nigerian Fourth Republic
(1999–present)
Topics
History of the Igbo people
History of the Yoruba people

——————————————————————————–

Contents
1 Early history
2 Akwa Akpa
3 Yoruba
4 The Igbo States
4.1 Nri Kingdom
5 Early states before 1500
5.1 Oyo and Benin
6 Northern kingdoms of the Savanna
7 Kanem-Bornu Empire
8 Hausa states
9 Pre-colonial states, 1500-1800
9.1 Savanna states
10 A British sphere of influence
11 Independence
12 First Republic
12.1 First period of military rule
13 Second Republic
14 The abortive Third Republic
14.1 Sani Abacha
14.2 Abubakar’s transition to civilian rule
15 Fourth Republic
16 Yaradua’s Disappearance
17 Further reading
18 References
19 External links

//

Early history
Main article: Early Nigerian history
Archaeological research has shown[who?] that people were already living in southwestern Nigeria (specifically Iwo-Eleru) as early as 9000 BC and perhaps earlier at Ugwuelle-Uturu (Okigwe) in southeastern Nigeria, where microliths were used.[1] Smelting furnaces at Taruga dating from the 4th century BC provide the oldest evidence of metalworking in Archaeology.

The earliest known example of a fossil skeleton with negroid features, perhaps 10,000 years old, was found at Iii Ileru in western Nigeria and attests to the antiquity of habitation in the region.[2]

Microlithic and ceramic industries were also developed by savanna pastoralists from at least the 4th millennium BC and were continued by subsequent agricultural communities. In the south, hunting and gathering gave way to subsistence farming in the first millennium BC and the cultivation of staple foods.

PS MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYBERMSUEUM BLOG.PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan suwandy 2010

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WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showcase :
The Goldcoast Collections Exhibition
Frame One:
The Goldcoast Collections
1.Postal History
1) The Ivory Coast

2.The Gold Coast

2.Numismatic Collections
1) The Goald Coast

2)The Ivory Coast

3.Travel around With Picture Collections
1) The Goaldcoast

2) The Ivory Coast

4.Native Art
1) The Goaldcoast
2)The Ivory Coast

Frame Two:
The Goldcoast and Ivory Coast Historic collections
A,GOLDCOAST

The Gold Coast was the region of West Africa which is now the nation of Ghana. Early uses of the term refer literally to the coast and not the interior. It is not until the 19th century that the term comes to refer to areas that are far from the coast. It was to the east of the Ivory Coast and to the west of the Slave Coast.

It was first colonized by the Portuguese, with settlement in 1482 of the Portuguese Gold Coast. In 1642 this became part of the Dutch Gold Coast, which had been colonized by the Dutch since 1598. The Dutch stayed in the region until 1871, when the last of their settlements were taken over by the British Gold Coast.

There was also the Brandenburger Gold Coast which established a colony in the area in 1682, which later became the Prussian Gold Coast. In 1721 it was sold to the Dutch. The Swedish also had settlements in the area, with the Swedish Gold Coast established in 1650, but seized by Denmark in 1663, and made part of the Danish Gold Coast. The Danes had been in the gold coast since 1658. In 1850 all of the settlements became part of the British Gold Coast.

The British had taken over all of the Gold Coast by 1871. They captured more territory inland in the late nineteenth century after the Ashanti wars. The nation of Ghana was made from the former Gold Coast territory. In 1957 it was one of the first European colonies to become independent

B,IVORYCOAST(COTE D’IVOIRE)

Côte d’Ivoire

Republic of Côte d’Ivoire
République de Côte d’Ivoire

Flag Coat of arms

Motto: Union – Discipline – Travail
(French: Unity – Discipline – Labour)
Anthem: L’Abidjanaise

Capital Yamoussoukro
6°51′N 5°18′W / 6.85°N 5.3°W / 6.85; -5.3
Largest city Abidjan
Official language(s) French
Vernacular languages Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin and Cebaara Senufo among others
Demonym Ivorian/Ivoirian
Government Semi-presidential Republic
– President Disputed
– Prime Minister Disputed
Independence from France
– Date 7 August 1960
Area
– Total 322,460 km2 (68th)
124,502 sq mi
– Water (%) 1.4[1]
Population
– 2009 estimate 20,617,068[1] (56th)
– 1998 census 15,366,672
– Density 63.9/km2 (139th)
165.6/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2010 estimate
– Total $37.123 billion[2]
– Per capita $1,685[2]
GDP (nominal) 2010 estimate
– Total $23.635 billion[2]
– Per capita $1,073[2]
Gini (2002) 44.6 (medium)
HDI (2007) 0.484[3] (low) (163rd)
Currency West African CFA franc (XOF)
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
– Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+0)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .ci
Calling code 225
a Estimates for this country take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower population than would otherwise be expected.

The Republic of Côte d’Ivoire (/ˌkoʊt dɪˈvwɑr/ ( listen); French: [kot diˈvwaʁ]), commonly known in English as Ivory Coast (/ˌaɪvəri ˈkoʊst/ ( listen)[4]) is a country in West Africa. It has an area of 322,462 km2, and borders the countries of Liberia, Guinea, Mali, Burkina Faso and Ghana; its southern boundary is along the Gulf of Guinea. The country’s population was 15,366,672 in 1998,[5] and was estimated to be 20,617,068 in 2009.

PS MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYBERMUSEUM,PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

the end @ copyright Dr Iwan Suwandy 2010

Read Full Post »

WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showcase :
The Mauritius Collections Exhibition

Frame One:
The Mauritius Collections
1.Postal History

2.Numismatic History
3.Travel around with Pictures collection
4.Native Art
Frame Two:
The Mauritius Historic Collections
Discovery

It has been frequently hypothesized that Mauritius was first discovered by the Arabs, who named the island Dina Harobi. The first historical evidence of the existence of an island now known as Mauritius is on a map produced by the Italian cartographer Alberto Cantino in 1502[1]. Cantino shows three islands which are thought to represent the Mascarenes (Reunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues) and calls them Dina Margabin, Dina Harobi and Dina Morare. What is known is that the medieval Arab world called the Indian Ocean island region Waqwaq[citation needed].

Portuguese sailors (1507–1513)
Mauritius was discovered and visited by the Portuguese between 1507 and 1513.

An official world map by Diogo Ribeiro described “from west to east, the first island, ‘’Mascarenhas’’, the second, ‘’Santa Apolonia’’ and the third, ‘’Domingo Froiz’’[2]. The three islands (Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues) were discovered some years earlier by chance during an exploratory expedition of the coast of the Golf of Bengal led by Tristão da Cunha. The expedition ran into a cyclone and was forced to change course. Thus, the ship ‘’Cirne’’ of the captain Diogo Fernandes Pereira, came into view of Réunion island on 9 February 1507. They called the island Santa Apolonia (“Saint Apollonia”) in honor of that day’s saint. Mauritius was discovered during the same expedition and received the name of ‘’Cirne’’ and Rodrigues that of ‘’Diogo Fernandes’’[3]. Five years later, the islands were visited by Dom Pedro de Mascarenhas[4] who left the name Mascarene for the whole region. The Portuguese took no interest in these isolated islands. They were already established in Asia in Goa, on the coast of Malabar, on the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) and on the Malaysian coast.

Their main African base was in Mozambique, therefore the Portuguese navigators preferred to use the Mozambique Channel to go to India. The Comoros at the north proved to be a more practical port of call. Thus no permanent colony was established on the island by the Portuguese.

Dutch sailors (1598–1637)

Dutch map of a coast of Mauritius

In 1598, a Dutch expedition consisting of eight ships set sail from the port of Texel (Netherlands) under the orders of admirals Jacques Cornelius Van Neck and Wybrandt Van Warwyck towards the Indian subcontinent. The eight ships ran into foul weather after passing the Cape of Good Hope and were separated. Three found their way to the northeast of Madagascar while the remaining five regrouped and sailed in a southeasterly direction. On 17 September, the five ships under the orders of Admiral Van Warwyck came into view of the island. On 20 September, they entered a sheltered bay which they gave the name of ‘’Port de Warwick’’ (present name is “Grand Port”). They landed and decided to name the island “Prins Maurits van Nassaueiland”, after Prince Maurits (Latin version: Mauritius) of the House of Nassau, the stadtholder of Holland, but also after the main vessel of the fleet which was called “Mauritius”. From those days, only the name Mauritius has remained. On 2 October, the ships took to the sea again towards Bantam.

PS MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYBERMSUEUM BLOG, PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

the end @ copyright dr Iwan suwandy 2010

Read Full Post »

WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showcase :
The Botswana Collections Exhibition
Frame One:
The Botswana Collections
1.Postal History
1.DURING BRITISH RULES BUCHUANLAND

2.AFTER INDEPENDENT BOTSWANA

2.Numismatic History
3.Travel Around with Pictures Collections
4.The Native Art Collections
Frame Two:
The Botswana Historic Collections
Before European contact

Main article: Bantu expansion
Sometime between 200-500 AD, Bantu speaking peoples, who originated in the Katanga area (today part of the DRC and Zambia), and had been expanding across sub-Saharan Africa, crossed the Limpopo River, entering the area today known as South Africa.[citation needed]

There were 2 broad waves of immigration to South Africa; Nguni and Sotho-Tswana. The former settled in the eastern coastal regions, while the latter settled primarily in the area known today as the Highveld — the large, relatively high central plateau of southern Africa.

By 1000AD the Bantu colonization of most of South Africa had been completed, with the possible exception of what is now the Western Cape and the Northern Cape, which are believed to have been inhabited by Khoisan people until Dutch colonisation. The Bantu-speaking society was highly a decentralized feudal society organized on a basis of kraals (an enlarged clan), headed by a chief, who owed a very hazy allegiance to the nation’s head chief. According to Neil Parsons’s online “Brief History of Botswana”:

“From around 1095 south-eastern Botswana saw the rise of a new culture, characterized by a site on Moritsane hill near Gabane, whose pottery mixed the old western style with new Iron Age influences derived from the eastern Transvaal (Lydenburg culture). The Moritsane culture is historically associated with the Khalagari (Kgalagadi) chiefdoms, the westernmost dialect-group of Sotho (or Sotho-Tswana) speakers, whose prowess was in cattle raising and hunting rather than in farming.“In east-central Botswana, the area within 80 or 100 kilometres of Serowe (but west of the railway line) saw a thriving farming culture, dominated by rulers living on Toutswe hill, between about 600-700AD and 1200-1300AD. The prosperity of the state was based on cattle herding, with large corrals in the capital town and in scores of smaller hill-top villages. (Ancient cattleandsheep/goatcorrals are today revealed by characteristic grassgrowing on them.) The Toutswe people were also hunting westwards into the Kalahari and trading eastwards with the Limpopo. East coast shells, used as trade currency, were already being traded as far west as Tsodilo by 700AD.
“The Toutswe state appears to have been conquered by its Mapungubwe state neighbour, centred on a hill at the Limpopo-Shashe confluence, between 1200AD and 1300AD. Mapungubwe had been developing since about 1050 AD because of its control of the early gold trade coming down the Shashe, which was passed on for sale to sea traders on the Indian Ocean. The site of Toutswe town was abandoned, but the new rulers kept other settlements going – notably Bosutswe, a hill-top town in the west, which supplied the state with hunting products, caught by Khoean hunters, and with Khoesan cattle given in trade or tribute from the Boteti River. But Mapungubwe’s triumph was short-lived, as it was superseded by the new state of Great Zimbabwe, north of the Limpopo River, which flourished in control of the gold trade from the 13th to the 15th centuries. It is not known how far west the power of Great Zimbabwe extended. Certainly its successor state, the Butua state based at Kame near Bulawayo in western Zimbabwe from about 1450 onwards, controlled trade in salt and hunting dogs from the eastern Makgadikgadi pans, around which it built stone- walled command posts.”

—Neil Parsons, Brief History of Botswana[1]
19th century

German map in use in 1905 still showing the undivided Bechuanaland area

PS . MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYBERMUSEUM BLOG,PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com
the end @ copyright XDr Iwan Suwandy 2010

Read Full Post »

WELCOME COLLECTORS FROM ALL OVER THE WORLD

SELAMAT DATANG KOLEKTOR INDONESIA DAN ASIAN

AT DR IWAN CYBERMUSEUM

DI MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.

_____________________________________________________________________

SPACE UNTUK IKLAN SPONSOR

_____________________________________________________________________

*ill 001

*ill 001 LOGO MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA DR IWAN S.*ill 001

THE FIRST INDONESIAN CYBERMUSEUM

MUSEUM DUNIA MAYA PERTAMA DI INDONESIA

DALAM PROSES UNTUK MENDAPATKAN SERTIFIKAT MURI

PENDIRI DAN PENEMU IDE

THE FOUNDER

Dr IWAN SUWANDY, MHA

BUNGA IDOLA PENEMU : BUNGA KERAJAAN MING SERUNAI( CHRYSANTHENUM)

WELCOME TO THE MAIN HALL OF FREEDOM

SELAMAT DATANG DI GEDUNG UTAMA “MERDEKA

Showcase :

The Rare Ming Monkey Ceramic

PS MORE COLLECTIONS LOOK AT MY CYBERMUSEUM BLOG PLEASE CLICK hhtp://www.Driwancybermuseum.wordpress.com

THE END @ COPYRIGHT DR iWAN SUWANDY 2010

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