THE RARE PALESTINA BOOK 1938
Created by Dr iwan S. based on the vintage Book written by Pierre van Passei, Days of our Years 1903-1938. arranged in chrnologic historic information added UCM collections illustration(The writer only told the story and Dr Iwan S. arranged chronologic historic in systematic informations,please colectors read before The British Prtectorate Palestine War Collections.)
I.PALESTINE AND MIDDLE EAST 1914-1921
In the country where Mark Twain saw nothing but sackcloth and ashes, and where in 1907 the Prime Minister of Holand, Dr Abraham Kuyper wept over the poverty and the godforsaken loneliness of the Landscape.
The general atmosphere here in Jerusalem is reminiscent of 1914 behind the lines in the cities of France and Belgium.
3.Turkey attack n the Suez Canal in 1915
Jemal Pashas attack n the Suez Canal in 1915 at the head f a german-Turkish army and the Turkish commanders declaratin that after the war he prpsed to return to Constantineple via Alexandria made the bjective of the Central Pwers in the part of the world perilously clear. The Germano-Turkish campaign on the brders of the Red Sea was nt primarily a manuever to lessen British power f resistent n the Westren frnt: it was a threat to the mst vulnerable link in Britains imperial line of cmmunication.
4.The Allenbys gesture 1917
I could well understand Allenby gesture in 1917 when he and his officers walked bareheaded through the gates of Jerusalem.
5. Jerusalem 1921
Those who remembered what had happened eight years earlier realized at once the party of Arab Landlords, headed by the Mufti of Jerusalem who had been sentenced to ten years of hard labor in 1921 for incitement to riot and soon thereafter amnestied by a Jewish High Commisioner, had returned to the attack. The flag-waving incident at the Wall had been as good a device as any to throw sand in the eyes of public opinion. Clever propagandist sould easily-and did-magnify this intrinsically insignifivant demonstration on the part of children into a challenge of jewish chauvinists.
5.The Riot 1921 and King Feisal.
The riots of 1921 had given a first intimation the certain influential Palestinian Arabs were not in agreement with King Feisal of Iraq, who, as chief spokesman of the Arabic peoples at the peace Conference in Paris, had expressed his entire satisfaction with the International plan to set aside Palestina as a national home for the Jews people. Feizal,who was unquestionably the ablest of the Arab chiefs, had welcomed the Jew back to the near East, convinced that his return would prove a real blessing to the Arabs.Scarcely had Feisal spoken when the Palestinian Arab rioted.
II.THE FIRST VISIT TO PALESTINE IN 1926
1.The First Visit to Palestine in 1926
On my first visit to Palestine in 1926 , I raced over the splendid asphalt road which links the Mediterranean with Jerusalem, and covered in less that two hours what took Chanteaubriand nearly a week of travel. That road was built by Jewish pioneers. It is part of a system of modern highways that cover the Holy Land like a net-all of it work of the last fifteen years. There stand today a living monument to the revival of JUdaism- a land of pleasant gardens interspersed with cities teeming with every bracnch of modern human endeavor.
The transformation of Palestine is one of the wnder of our age.The all-engulfing desert had been pushed back : the wasteland have been reclaimed , and the sick soil has been nourish back to health. It is a miracle of creative love. For with that rare selfless devotion to which mas has risen in great moment of history, bands of Jewish boy and girls from the squalid ghettos of eastren Europre have redeemed for the coming generations of their people what had been lost for centuries.
When I landed,dynamos were zooming their deep basso on the spot where Jonah took ship in Jaffa. An entire city, Tel Aviv, spot less and white , had sprouted from the barren aand dunes to the north. in the seaboard region I walked through an endless array of of orange groves whose parfume in springtime mingled with that of the rose field of Sharon.
Olive skinned jewish boys were dragging baskets of earth up the mountain slopes and restoring the vine terraces and the hanging gardens of Solomon.
A hydraulic pump plunked out its rhytmic singsong at that ford on the Yarmuk river where, the legend says, the Majestic figure of Abraham entere history. There where wheat fields on Armagedon , a diary farm in bogs below Gilboa where disaster overtook Saul and Jonathan, prospectors at work in the blood -drenched land of the Philistines, surveyrs setting up their instrument in Ramoth Gilead, telephone wires being strung out to Jerico, a hydroelectric station rearing its steel towers where the Baptist met Jesus. There was talk of a real-estate boom in Sodom. Costly machinery was being installed on the shores of the Dead Sea to extract the sixteen-billion-dolars chemical treasure in the accured lake.That was the Palestine I saw.
2.Travel Around The Holyland
(1)Travel in Holyland does not mean the same thing to everybody. In our time, to feel that there is a tie which binds all of us Westren-ers to that little notch of land on the eastren shore of the Mediterranean. Yet, it was in this insignificant country,from the heart of an insignificant tribe of nomads, that there sprang the impulse which gave humanity a new hope and a new vision , annihilating the ancients gruesme wheel of fate and put in its place the conception of the oneness, the holiness and the abso-luteness God, which is the final condition of the oneness of man and the vital source of History wherein grows the root of freedom and humanity.
It was not Palestines natural beauty which attracted me, the amizing white light of the sun, the magic night when the stars swayed to and fro like lightships dancing on the swell of darkened sea and heaven seemed so near that you felt like reaching out and touching it with your fingers.It was the mystery of it all-the mysery of Israel, the mystery of taht people whose history is a series of Gesta Dei per Hebraeos, a people, as Danis de Rouge-mont said, Like no other in that it has sacrificed philosophy, fine arts , sciense, industry , all culture, in fact, for the accomp-lishments of one thing, a spiritual vocation. If the Palestine is the Jews national home , it is my spiritual home.
The Alps are undoubtedly more impressive than Hermon and the Lebanon. The Jordan cannot be compared with the majesty of the Danube, the mississippi or Rhine. By the side of Baalbek and the Acropolis, the Holylands ruin are lowly heaps of dust. I met tourists, among the Jews, to whom a visit to palestine seemed a waste of time and money. They found that there was little to please the eye and yet. Jerusalem was and remains the city of cities, the Holy City, the heart and soul of humanity. Deeper than any other motif, that of religion has been woven into the texture of mankinmds evolution. That motif came from Jerusalem.
(2) I went the rounds of the holy places like any other pilgrim. Their gaudiness dismayed me. The commercialization of sacred shrines of dubious authenticity . A Franciscan monk led me, half-a;dollar taper in gand, up a stairway in the basilica of the Tomb and said we stood on Calvary. I saw a goat nibbling grass next t the chapel erected on the spot where once, my guide explained , stood the veritable cross. An Abyssinian priest, sutprised in his morming ablutions on the roof, grinned in a friendly fashion and dressed hastilly to collect a few coppers.
Through the thorns and weed of Gethsemane’s garden, I waded to a cave said to be The Real Grave prepared by Joseph f Arimathea. I put my hand, for half a shilling, on an imprint in a wall on the Via Dolorosa where Christ supported himself on the way to Golgotha.
I saw Greek and Latin monk chase each other around with brooms in the holiest shrine of Christendoom. I sat with a local English official who explained his presence in the basilica as the end of a search for the coolest place in twn ; I attended a Mass celebrated by the Latin Patriach and heard the Greek clergy, before the Patriach had intoned the Ite,Missa est, start a racket with bells and gongs because the Latin service had that day impinged for half a minute on the time allotted the Eastren rite.
I stuck it out to the bitterend and viewed the basin made in Germany, in which Jesus was said to have washed the feet of his diciples at the Last Supper; I beheld the saddle-yes,the saddle- on which He rode into Jerusalem on Palm Sunday, and I came away with the coin (sold to me by a sly Arab for ten Piasters) lost by the women in the parable. When I scraped the dirt off it later, I saw the rubiscund effigy of King Carlos of Portugal and the date 1898.
That was the Old city, the Jerusalem of the past, of moldering ruins and sacred sites, f fakirs and beggars, pilgrims and tourists, crumbling synagogues monasteries, of the Wailing Wall and the multitudinus bazaars. There, in a perpetual twilight, in the Stables of Solomon, brown men and Black men, men with green turbans and dirty headclthes, men with fuzzy bonners of rabbitskin-all push and stumble their way foward over the slippery cobblestone in a Labyrinthine maze f alleys, rubbing elbow with English soldier in tropical uniform.
Greek priests with parasols and cylindrical hats, Protestant pastords with Roman collars, Dominican monks with Bombay hats, veiled women in soiled clothes that drag in the filth, half naked camel drivers, Badouin peasants, Chasidic rabbis, Mohammedan ulemas (Ulama), blind mendicants rattling jingling silver bells, hashis peddlers. Levantine guides , Russian nuns, Syrian money-changers, Ethiopian manuscript writers, Turkish dragonmans, Arabian Sheiks, Greek tourist agent, Armenian prelated and egyptian porters.
Every second hole in the wall is a refresment parlor with a gramaphone going full blast. From an early hour the bazaar roars with the shouting and bellwing of Marchants, huckters and beggars. Each guild or confraternity has its own destinctive call. A camel drivers demand for passage in an unerthly searching yell, a blind man announces his approach with the monotonous singsong call of the hoot owl, while the porters , bent low under staggering lads, emit growls like wild beast if they do not simply rely n bumping thei way through.
Every transaction before the vegetable stalls make you think of preliminary sparring in a prize fight. instead of the American rule that the customer is alway right, the bazaars fundamental principle seems to require a demonstration of blazing enmity towards a prospective client,
A Policeman elbows his way through the crwd and traffics begins to mve again. Life ges on , Moslem, Believers. beloved of Allah, take a look at these gift from God. They can he had for asking. Brighten the eyes of your spuses. Take a pound of grapes from my stores.
4.Under the Jaffa Gate
Under the high vault of the Jaffa Gate, acoal-black storyteller hunched down, put his begging bowl in front on the flagstone and waits for some customers to collect. Presently a group of strolling Bedouins , on a visit to Jerussalem, click their coins in the box and squat down in a semicircle arun the Nubian. He begins talking to them in a whisper so that they have to bend their heads fward to catch his word.That story will be retold tonight in the villages of the Plain.
5.Watch a cockfighting
On a quet side street men and women are squatting in a circle to watch a cockfight. They laungh like happy children as one rooster picks out his opponents left eye.The spectacle is interrupted by the arrival of individual who is rolling ver the ground.
6.The boy and a Islamic Holy man
A boy calls out that we are in the presence of a holy man. He expects to roll all the way to Mecca. The holy roller bellows at the top of his voice that Allah is God and Mohammed Gods prophet. He has accumulated so much dirt n his garment that he looks like animated bale of dung. His wife brings up the rear guard, clinking the collection box and toting a sleeping baby on her back. The child is almst hidden under a quivering mass of verdigris -flies.
7. Call to prayer
Just before sunset, when the muezzins sing out theirulutating call to prayer, the bazaar suddenly grows silent as a tmb. In less tha an hour all activities ceases, the shop are made invisible by the row of shutters, and the only sound in the night is the echo of the slow step of the military watchmen in the vaulted passages.
III.Palestina in 1929
1. The New Jerusalem
The new jerusalem lies outside the walls.Spread out over a dozen hills, it has grown far beyond the limits of the city of both the Solomonian or the Herodian epoch. Brand-new suburbs encompass it. These are inhabited by the jewish intelligensia, the modern businessman and officialdom. Jaffa road, with its European cafes, restaurants, movies, concert halls, bookshops, bankimg houses, art exhibits and shop, is the central artery where a cosmoplitan night life is developing. In daytime this district is teeming with activity. A distinctive Hebraic style of architecture had not yet made its appearance. The influence of Le Corbusier and Berlage was predominant in the suburbs, while in the more elaborate ediffices culd be detected. Building, making room,redeeming the soil , creating possibilities for the steady flow of newcomers, setting up new industies-these were the major objectives when first i visit the land in 1926.
3.Visit to Hulda
In the mnth f June,1929, the gvernment’s inspectr came n his usual mnthly visit t Hulda and tld the headman of the clny :’I have rders to take these rifles away’ “Why,? asked the Jews.’Did we ever misuse them?’ ‘No, I d not think you ever took them out of the box except n the occasion when I came here to inspect them’ replied the inspector,’But it is a general rule. All these armories are to be called in’ ‘But’ , stameed the Jew,’these guns are our nly guarantee of security. The Arabs in the neighbring villages knw ftheir presence. If they get t knw that the guns are gne, we will be in danger. No! I will not give up these riffles withut a written rder frm the chief of the military department in Jerusalem.’
‘The Inspector shrugged his shulders. But on his next visit, he had the written rder from the government , signed by the chief inspector of His Majesty’s military frces in palestine. “If yu must tahe away is ur nly prtectin.’ sain the Jew to the englishman,’please take them away in the night so that the Arabs ut there in the surrunding villages will nt know they have been remved. Desd that sund fair t yu?’ “Very fair’ said the Inspector.
4.Visit the Zionist colonies
The Zionist or Jewish colonization wrk in Palestine was distinguished frm all other enterprises of a similar character in the wrld by the daring nature and the greet freedom of it social and ecnomic experiment. Man may make his chice f a half dozen different scialist and c-perative formulas before entering as established colony or founding a new settlement.
5.Arabs Attack Talpiot
We fund work going n normally in the colonies. The Arabs had only attacked places where they knew that n or little resistance culd be offered, for instance in Talpiot, aresidential suburb of Jerusalem, where many of the professrs f the Hebrew university lived.
6.Village Aim Harod
The central village, Ain Harod, which gives its name t the cantn, is the largest single socialistic agricultural experiment carried n in Palestine. In 1929 Ain Harod was already entirely self-sustaining and self-sufficinet. It pssessed a small canning plant, a shoe factry, abrick factry, acommunal bakery and a clothing factory. At Aim Harod we found the ancient Tomb of Harod
7. Habima the National Hebrew Theater
The Habima, the national Hebrew theater, agrup f the mst talented artist in the world , fmerly of Moscw aaand Paris, andnow established in Tel Aviv, gave regular performances in thecommunal halls f thse colonies in Esdraelon, where lecture cuorses on every conceivable subject in the world wre currently given.
8.Jews al cafes of Tel Aviv
When this type of Jewish burgeis consents to visit Palestine-for in the end they all cme, he prefered to sit in the boardwalk cafes of Tel Aviv and discuss the fall and rise of real estate, the perfrmance of the habima Theater and the latest developments of the Arab question.
9.The Christian Pilgrim
Tourist seldom visit those Socialist clnies, Christian pilgrimages t the holy land nt at all. The pilgrims, of whom there are still thousands going to the Holy land each year in spite of Russia’s elimination frm the pius traffic, spend a few dayss around the holy places; Naxareth, Bethany, Bethlehem, Eammaus. They never bother to look at one of the most modernistic colonization schemes in the world. And this is nt merely indifference. Many of the leaders f pilgrimage, whether frm France, Belgium, Ireland, Germany and Pland, I met on boats caoming from or ging t the Holyland on my annual visits t Palestine were deeply indignant over the fact that Jews were fishing in the Lake of Tiberias, fr instance, or that adiary farm had been laid ut r a hydroelectric statin put up near sme spot were christ nce lingered. Galilee, intheir idea , should have remained as it was , undisturbed and petic, as in the days when the Lord walked n earth.
10.Hotel Amdursky in Jerusalem
AsI alighted from my car ne evening, shaking the dust off my feet in front of the Hotel Amdursky in Jerusalem after a sizzlingly hot trip frm Galilee, the proprietor of the establishment, an old man with a beard like Aarn’s, wh was of the establisment, an old of evening n the prch with some fellw patriarchs, walked up t me swiftly and, talking me aside with a great ado of mystery, whispered in my ear,’There are a cuple of Jews waiting t see you’
“What? A cuple of Jews in Jerusalem ? surely that is nothing t get excited about.
“Wait till you see this delegation and yu will change your opinion’ he assure me.
‘Where are they?’
“In the parlr n the first flor. They have been waiting since eleven ‘clck this morning. They say they must see you n a most urgent matter’ He chuckeld and ndded his head meaningfully as he stumbled up the stairs in his embridered slippers to annunce my arrival. We followed the proprietor t the parlor, Marek Schwartz and i.
two men rse frm the red plush divan as we entered the room. They came fward, bowing several times in grave salutain :’Shalom! peace upon You!’ One was a youth with a cal-black beard and hollow cheeks. He had the largest pair f eyes I ever saw in ahuman being, except the Negus of Ethipia-the kind of eyes Max Band likes to paint : shimmering pol f Jet with a flame in the pupils. I nticed that he kept his hands in the sleeves of his violet caftan like a Chines mandarin.
Kis cmpanion was an old man who n a stick and whose beard almost came down to his waist. Bth wre the fuzzy bonnets which the CHasidim have brught with them from carpatho-Russia: those strange cntraptions f yellow bushy fur which seemed the most incongruos headgear a man could possibly wear in the blistering heat f a Judean summer.
“Please be seated, Father’ Marek Schwartz , who was to serve as interpreter, said in Hebrew.
The oldman looked at him reproachfully ‘ We do not use the holy language in day life’ he said “we are nt Zinist!’
“That makes it easier, for then we’ll all speak yiddish’ I interupted. ‘Kabbalist’ whispered Marek. “what can I do for you,sir?’ I asked , when the ldman refused a glass of tea, althugh he must have been starving. He signified his intentin to remain standing during the interview.
‘Are yu Mr van Paasen?’ he began. “That is my name’.”Yu are a friend f the Jewish people?’ ‘I dnot like the expression, Master’ I said.”Has anyone ever heard f afriend f the bulgarian peple r f a friend f Albania.There t ften an element f cndescensin in that term” ‘ Yu have spken well’ he answered,’But yu are nevertheless a friend. Were yu not instrumental in having some Jews set free from Jail’. ‘ I may have had smething to do with that.’ ‘yu are a friend f Israel then. We cannt repay you fr yur arvices.’ ‘h, that is all right,Father. I have dne nothing-I only wish i culd…’ ‘The Eternal ne, blessed be He, will himself reward yu. It is said: the holy nes amongst the Gentliles…..’
‘Please , Master, d nt include me in their cmpany. I assue yu I am nt worthy’ ‘ Yu are in positin t do smething for Israel.’ he resumed after pause. ‘ I would be most happy to do that.’ ‘It may be difficult for yu, for I do nt know yur circumstances.’ He went n’ But we think yu can be f immense services to us the Jews here in Palestine and to all the world.You must leave the Holuland at nce!” ‘Leave Palestine?At nce?’ I gasped i n amazement.” How can I be f the slightest service to yu if I leave this cunty. D yu mean that I shuld go to England r Geneva and relate the plight f the Jews?’
The oldman made a gesture of annyance.’God forbid!’ he said, thrwing up his hand.” That wuld be wrse than remaining here.’ ‘The what is it?’ “Yu see , it is this way.’ he said, moving a little clser and talking with great earnestness.”We are Kabbalists. We have a hly bk called Zar, the bok f light. Now there is a prophecy in that bok which has bearing n the very time we are living. The prphecy says that there will cme a day when three rabbis wil be slain in a city f the south’ He came still closer until ur faces were but a few inches apart.’ Now, in the book f Zar it is further said that seven times seven weeks after the slaying f these Rabonim , Messiah will come.’
‘Yes?’ ‘ But in the interval the Jews must suffer and suffer as they have never suffered befre. They must suffer till their cries f pain are heard in heaven, till the external ne blessed be HE, takes pity n them’. He paused a mment and lked at me appealingly.’Donnot you see.’ He said.’ what you are doing? If you succeed, yu delay the coming of Messiah. You see ? wonnot you plese go away, leave this country s that yu will nt to be tempted t help the jews. The best way to help the jewish peple is to let them suffer. You would not stand in the way f Messiah , wuld you?. “God frbid!’ I said in turn.’ I prmise yu t leave in a few days!’ The yungman kissed my hands in gratitude,
10.The Palestine Post of Jerusalem
By a freak f circumstances I was the nly correspondent whose reports and observatin on the disturbances in Palestie were published in Jerusalem itself. They were relayed from Newyork to London , whence a syndicate distributed them t its member papers in Europe and asia , of which The Palestine Post of Jerusalem was one. Every word I wrote therefre culd be srutinized daily by Arab, Jews and british alike.
11.Omar Mosque Jerusalem
Falsified photgraphs showing the mar mosque of Jeusalem in ruins, with an inscriptin that the edifice had been bombed by the Zionist, were handed out to the Arabs of Hebron as they were leaving their place of worship n Friday evening. August the twentythird. a Jew passing by n his way to the synagogue was stabbed to death. When he learned f the murder, Rabbi Slonim, a man born and bred in the city and afriend of the Arab ntables, notified the British Police commander that the Arabs seemed t be strangely excited.He was told t mind his own bussiness. An hur later the synagogue was attacked by a mob, and the Jews at preywr were slaughtered. n the saturday morning following, the Yeshiva r theological seminary, which stand away from the center of the town on the road to Jerusalem, was put to the sack, and thestudents were slain. A delegation of Jewish citizen thereuponset out to visit the police station, but was met by the Lynchers. The jews returned and tok refuge in the huse of Rabbi Slonim, where they remained until evening, when the mob appeared before the door. Unable to batter it down, the Arabs climbed up the trees at the rear f the huse and, dropping onto the balcony,entered through the windows on the first floor.
Mounted police-Arab troopers in the service of the government- had appeared outside by this time, and sme of the Jews ran down the stairs of Slonims house and out into the roadway. They implored the policemen to dismount and protect their friends and realtives inside the house and clung around the necks of the horses. From upper windows came the terrifying screms of the old people, but the police galloped off, leaving the boys in the road to be cut down by Arabs arriving frm all side for the orgy of blood. When I visited the place in the company f captai marek Schwarts, a former Austrian artilerry officer and Mr Erns Davies ,correspondent of the ld Berliner Tageblatt, the blood stdnin ahuge on the slightly stonefloor of the house. Clocks,crockery, tables and windows had beens smasahed to smithereens. Of the unlted articles, not a single item had been left intact except a large black-and-white photograph f Dr Theodore Herzl, the founder of plitical Zionism. Around the pictures frame the murderes had draped the blood-drenched underwear of a women,
We stod silently contemplating the scene of slaughter when the door was flung open bu a British soldier with fixed bayonet. (oh my God why must that happened between the same humans, only because the different religious , I prayed to God with hope no more murdered anymore in Palestine)
IV The meeting with el HUSSEINI MUFTI OF JERUSALEM
(1)Ai Hameen el Husseini,Grand Mufti f Jerusalem proved to be an amiable youngmab with a sikken red beard, a disharming smile and big blue saucer-eyes. Ein gemutlichcher Viennese one might have said, had he been dressed in a frock cat striped trosers. Only he was not attired in the European stylist. He wore a gown of dark red silk and on his head a white cloth wrapped around a green fez, in token of an accomplished pilgrimage to Mecca. His strinkingly Nordic features clothes in that Oriental costume made him look like a European dressed up for a masquerade ball. I had waited for ten minutes in an antechamber where a mixed crowd of ulemas, eunuchs, beggars and bodyguards was poosted to impress the stranger with the importance of the man who was about to recieve me in audience.Before being ushered into a high-ceilinged chamber overlooking the garden of the mosque of Omar.
(2)I had also been prompted to address the Grand Mufti with the title of Eminence. The advice came from Jamal el Husseini, the Grand Muftis cousin and chief secretary. Once inthe great mans presence, I was informed by Jamal that His Eminence was a direct lineal descendant of Mohammeds only daughter, Fatima , and a prospective candidate for the office of Khalif-ul-Islam.
When I opened my eyes rather incredulously at this startling announcement, the secretary went on to say that it was generally recognized in the Mohammedan world that since the apostasy of Kemal Pasha and his deposition of the Turkish Sultan, the office of supreme spiritual head of islam should be more suitable for the positian than -? He bowed in the direction of his smiling cousin. I also bowed. I coul seen Ai Hameen liked the Idea tremendously.
(3) But, I asked naively, isnot His Majesty Ibn Saud of the Wahabites also candidate? But that is neither here nor there, the mufti interupted in a pompous Levantine French. He wanted to know where I was staying. He hoped that I had found confertable quaters, for my stayin in the Holyland, he thought,was going to be a long one. We were in for quite a spell of restlessmess- in fact, the disturbances, he brusquely announced, wouldnot terminate till both the Jews and the English had evacuated Palestine. When I said that I was stopping atvthe Hotel Allenby, the two cusin threw up their hand in consternation and said, What, in a Jewish Hotel? In that breeding nest of anti Arabic intreque?. I ttold him that all the correspondents I knew were staying there and that we had the acting High Commissioner for dinner on the previous evening.
‘Incredible!, came the reply. ‘What seems more incredible to me’I said. ‘is that your Eminence should think that the English are ever going to go home or that the Zionist will give up their plan for redeeming the land of Israel’.
‘There will be no peace in this country until they go’,declared the Mufti.’In the English we recognize our real enemies. It is the British government and not the Jews who have foisted the snadalous Balfour declaration on us. It is Ramsay Mac Donald who has misrepresented the situation in this Holy Land in his book Palestine. We have clearly shown the world out attitude in this issue and we are determined t fight in ut to the end’ , he added,
‘The British will have to put a soldier with a bayonet in front of every Jews if they want peace without a whlesale oxodus of the jews. Our peple are at the end of their patience. They cannot bear the sight of the Jews any longer’
“The outbreaks are to be taken as an organized attempt on the part of the arabs, under the leadership of Your Eminence, to
thwart the establishment of a Jewish home in Palestine?’ I asked.
Hameen was on the point of replying in this question, when Jamal stayed him. The two cousins exchanged a few remarks in Arabic.
At the end of their consultation Jamal informed me that His Eminence was going to furnish me with a written declaration at the close of the audience. I wan now asked tohonor him by accepting a cup of coffee.
(4) The Grand Mufti was toying with a gold box of cigarettes. He eyed me from the side, but when I turned my head and loked him in the face he smiled-the same candid baby smile he had worn when I entered. He asked me to step over to the open window to take a look at the garden while a black servant in awhite gown arranged the trays on the low table of carved ivory
(5)’Please tell me’,resumed the Grand Mufti, when we had taken our seat again and he hat lit a fresh cigaret,’What is the general impression in the world on the present deplrable situation in Palestine/what is your personal view? You have been in Palestine before; I understand you live in Paris. Surely, you have formed an opinion? Who is held responsible for these horrible outbreaks? the French people do understand, I trust!’
‘It is my personal opinin’I said. ‘that these riot were an attept to strike terror in the hearts of the Zionists at amoment when they had secured the co-operatin of an influential section of Jewry to speed up Palestines industrial and agricultural develpment.This bloodshed was intended t patalyze the process of building a Jewish National Home.Am I right?’
The Mufti did not reply,’cntinuez, je vous prie’ he said.
‘As to the respnsibility’Icontinued,’for what Your Wminence calls these horrible utbreaks, public pinion in france and in America, I am sorry to say, points directly to yourself and nt only in those distant countries, the most influential newspaper in Egypt, La Bourse Egyptiene, inone of its latest issues to arrive here in Jerusalem, declares that the murder of the Palestine Jews in an echo of the Muftis inflmmatory exhorations in themosque’.
At these words the grandon of the Prophet jumpede up from the divan, threw his cigaret away, and quickly walked toward
s me, his eyes blazing with anger, Jamal casually uncovered his belt so that two silver-handled daggers came into view. The Mufti was striding up and down the room with quick nervous steps. His fury made him gnash his teeth.’Your Eminence asked me a question’I said, ‘ I answered truthfully. Why grow angry? I came here to find out to what extent the foreign public opinion is in terror’.
His Eminence calmed dwn at once.He lit a new cigaret,’Lok at these hands’ he said dramatically, stretching ut his rose-perfumed palms,’These is no blood n these hands. I declare before God that I have n share in the shedding f Jewish blood.Moreover’, he went on,’it is nt true that foreign public pinion favors the Jews. We have distinct evidence to the contrary. We have telegrams from Moscow upholding our stand. nly this morning we had awire from henri Barbusse, president of the Antiimperialist League in Paris, assuring us of the sympathy of the members of his organization in our struggle agains the Balfur declaration and Jews usurpation.Why,’ He went on,’the whole Moslem world is solidity behind the Arab people of Palestine. Mass demonstrations of prtest are held every day in the large egyptian cities. I have a telegraphic offer from his Majesty,King Ibn Saud of Hejaz, so send an army of a hundred thousand men across Trans-Jordan to chase the Jews out of Palestine.’
‘However, we donot need the Kings aid’ the Mufti went on,’We will win by means of an economic bycott. The Jewish industries in Palestine cannot exist without the market of the surrounding Arabic countries. We have proclaimed a world boycott against Jewish goods. That boyctt is growing tighter every day. we will nt rest till the Jewish industries are broken and the English, in pity, tke their Jewish proteges away on thei battleships’
‘It is a horrible shame t put responsibility of these riots at the feet of the Arabs. it is crime. a dstardly ignominy. The Arab is a kind and loyal creature. The Jews, frtunetely, cannot easily forget what Colonel Lawrence has said of the Arabs. We are not murderers or fiends. I would have you understand, Why do you say Arabs are responsible for this slaughter?’
‘Did those Jewish women , children and old men in Hebron , Lifta and Safed commitsuicide ?’ I asked.
‘No’, snapped the Mufti,’we were provoked . We were challenged in our hliest pssesions. The Hebron Arabs learned that the Jews had decided to drive them out, to push them into the sea. The Jews are syealing our land. They want everythng we have’ The Mufti broke down and buried his head in his hands,’My country is being runined by the Jews,’ he turned up a dramatically tearful face,’ My country,Palestine, just when we had shaken off the Turkish yoke and turned up the rad of freedom’
‘The Turkish yoke?’ Iasked,’ Did your Eminence not serve a volunteer in the Turkish army?
At this question the Mufti looked straight at his cusin, said something in Arabic, and left the room.
‘Could I see the telegram from Barbuse and from King Ibn Saud?’ Iasked Jamal.”Cpies will be attached to the document yu will find at your hotel later in the day’,he replied.
‘one more question pleas ‘, I said, turning to Jamal:’on that fateful Friday in august, when the rioting broke out in Jerusalem after the morning service in the msque, where was His Eminence?’
‘He was in Amman ,capital of TransJordan . Why do yu asked?’
‘The Egyptian press avers that His Eminence applied for a visa to go to Syria to escape a possible accusation that his sermon that mrning had incited the Moslems to draw the sword, but he was refused by the French authorities’.
‘ His Eminence was in Amman, I tell you. Why do yu pay attention to the gossip column in an egyptian newspaper? I thought you had cometo find out the truth’
“Quite,’ I said,’that is what I have come for, but it is true, is it not, that alarge number of out-of-town Moslems attended the service in te mosque that morning?’ “There were some,ndoubt’ ,’Peasant frm the Muftis family estates?’ “I cannt tell, why do you aske?’ “I ask because the sentence f seven years at hard labor which the gvernment of Palestine impsed his Eminence in 1920 was to punish him fr previous seditious sermon in which he called upon village leaders to bring their men into Jerusalem to exterminate the jews’
‘His eminence never was in prison’. ‘I know that he fled to damascus. It was sir Herbert Samuel wh amnestied him two years later.’
‘You ught to be careful’ warned Jamal, as i wnet out,’that you do not get poisoned in that Jewish hotel’
‘Or shot frmambush on the road t Bethelhem?’ I retorted,
V.LONDON TIMES INFO
1.The Balfour declaration
Why were these bloody outbreaks agains the Jews inPalestine occuring at almost regular intervals? Who was the Mufti ? Why did England permit this upstart madman, who was a government officeholder, to wreck a scheme that England had promised to bring to a successful isue? Were the Zionist trying to force something down the Arabs throat?Was the Jew pushing the Arab off the land/ And If so, was the british overlord permitting that in justice to be perpetrated on the original inhibitants ofthe country, the people whose civic and religious rights he was pledge to protect undre the very terms of the balfour Declaration? What role was England playing in Palestine/ and finally,was british power,which hold miilions in India within bounds of law and order, insufficient to cople with a few thousand riots Arabs in Palestine? I had been sent to investigate the questions in 1929. I admit that I was symphatic to the aims of the Jewish national movement of which the rebuilding of Palestine is the central motif. The idea of Palestines redemption seemed a fascinating adventure to me. To behold the land of Jesus rise again from the dust was something to which I looked foward with anticipation. In order to wrest this land from the hands of the Moslem, all Christendom had once faced East. Of course, I wa not looking foward to a new Crusade. I entertained no feeling f antipathy towards the Arabs. On the contrary, I commiserated deeply with their hard lot under Turkish domination and under a rapacious landlord class of feudal nobles.BUt I agreed with Lord Cecil, Smuts, and Lloyd George that Palestines liberation from the tUrkish yoke was one of the few relly wort-while things horn out of the Great War. As the son of a Bible people, I looked foward with lively anticipation towards the fulfillment of the age-old dream of the jewish people. But I was upwilling that the Hebraic Renaissance should come about at the expense of the palestinian Arabs. If Jewish nationalism should have attempted to grow strong by discriminating against the Arabs, I would have been willing to champion the cause of the Arabs.
It will perhaps be argued that the objectivity of my approach to the Plaestinian problem was vitiated by a pre-existent symphaty with the aims of the Jewish national movement. The Arab leader took this view at once when they became aware of the nature of my published observation in the American press. The Mufti of jerusalem led off with a vehement denuciation in the Arabic newspapers of Palestine ,Syria and Egypt. I was called a hireling of the jews who had been sent to concoct anti Arabic propaganda. The press campaign for my expulsion from the holy Land was too clearly an attempt to divert public attention from the implications of the murderous assault upo peaceful Jewish settlements to have merited a refutation. Not my journalistic activity in the holyland, but, rather, the muftis personal share of responsibility in the massacre wa one of the things that required investigation. I would therefore not have paid the slightest notice to the personages verbal fuminations,considering that I had merely done my duty in pointing to him as the evil puppeteer in the bloody disturbance, if it were not that I began to recieve telephone calls and anonymous letters threating me with violence and even death.There were not idle thraets,either.On two occasions I was fired on by Arab snipers. I oqed my life the presnce of mind of my friend, Captai Marck Schwartz and his chauffeur, Menachen Katan, who had managed to circumvent one ambush which had been prepared in ths neighborhood of Lifta and another one near bethelhem. On bth occasions we had come safely through the shower of bullets that bet downon our car. But when I reported the second attack to the commander of the british police post in Hebron, this gentleman, a certain Captain Saunders, remarked : I should think that half the fun of being a journalist is to go about unarmed and still comethrough these scrapes unscathed. Moreever, he added, Why do these thing happen to you ? I have recieved no complaints from your colleagues ofthe press in jerusalem.
upon my return to Jerusalem that day something flew past my head as I was about to enter the hotel. I saw a dagger quivering in the doorpst. Had it not been that some boys ofthe Haganah, the Jewish self-defense Corps, voluntarily constituted themselves into abodyguard, the intimation ofthe palestine government that my further presence in Palestine was undesirable would, I feel , have been quite unnecesssary.
I believe my offense was that I tok either the jewish or the Arabic propaganda bureus. I questioned everybody, from the Mufti down to the mst destitue Arabic peasants in the country and the murderous hooligans in the jails of hebron and jerusalem who had been caught, their blooddripping knives in hand. Only when I refused to accepttbthe explanations of a spontaneous uprising aginst the Jews, with which the Mufti and his agents and spokeman sought to impress foreign correspondents, in several instances quite successfylly, did the mufti denounce me as a hireling of the Jews and did I become persona non grata at Govermen House. The conincidence was significant!.
(The Balfour declaration informations, please click The Bristish Mandate Palestine War in this blog)
2.Britain parried that threat with a concentartion in Egypt of Indian and Australian Troops
Britain parried the threat of The Germano Turkish army with a concentratin in Egypt of Indian and Australian trops, who first repulsed the Turkish attack and the crossed to the Arabian penisula where, two year later, after certain Arabic tribes had been persuaded by Colonel T.E.Lawrence, on the prmise of boundless lot, t revolt against the Turk, the age-old Ottoman dminion over Arabia was brken by General Allenby. In this campaign Palestine fell into British hand in the latter part f 1917, ahortly after lord balfour, the British Foreingn Secretatry. made public his famous note , known as the balfour Declaration, whein the British gvernemnt declare itself favrly disposed towards the establisment of a National Home for the Jewish people in Palestine.
The Holyland ccupation by the British armies was the culmination f a struggle for supremacy between rival imperialism in the Near and Middle East.
At the request of the Jewish people, represent by the Zionist rganization, Britain was charged by the League of Nations t assume the mandate over the Holyland. at the cnference of San Remo in 1920, the mandate was ratified by all the Leagues members, fifty-three states in all, and subsequently under the terms f a saparate diplmatic instrument by the USA. Befre ratifying, the then Secretary f States, Mr Bainbridge Colby, specifically asked Britain whar her intentions were in the Hly Land, and the answer Lord Curzn gave was that England had but ne objective-the facilitatin of the building of a National Home for the Jewish people. However,even before the ratification of the mandate, Britain had taken charge of Palestine and had placed the administratin f the cuntry in the hands of the Colnial Office, instead of the Foreign ffice as France had done in the case Syria.
2. Mossulini occupation Ethopia
For Mussolini’s conquest of Ethopia has made f Eritrea a most frmidable ptential threat to British communication with India, the far East and the antipodean dominins of Australia and New zealand. Before Ethiopia passed into Italian hands the value of Eritre as a military and naval basa on the Red Sea was nullified by an Ethiopia that was friendly to Britain and that could, in the event of a war between Britain and Italy, be quickly militarized thrugh Kenya and the Sudan, and thus become a threat in Mussolini’s Back (click The British Mandate palestine in this blg thoe lok at the illustration of British Kenya Army . British Australia and India army postal History).
Mossulini was therefore nt wrng when he denunced the Ethiopian Empire as a menace to Italy’s imperium, and his ccupation of that land was amaster stroke f imperialist maneuvering. Furthermore , the installatin of Italian gun emplacements at Ceuta n the North Afican coast opposite Gibraltar has seriusly dimished the value f that ancient rck as a key position of British imperial power, it become clear that palestine and Cyprus are britain’s nly remaining bases for the naval, aerial and land defense of the Suez Canal.
VI. THE JEWS INFO
1.The Peel Commision’sInvetigatin 1937
Without a word of warning, Britain cut down the propsal f a Jewish state in a partitioned Palestine, made by and adopted by Briatin after the Peel Commision’s inverstigatin in 1937- a scheme under which the Jews were to contrl no mre that four hundred square miles. Not only did this encourage the Arab natinalist t keep up the campaign of terrorism but it may well have provoked the jews, in turn, to measures f violence. A full-fledged civil war in Palestine wuld given Britain the excuse to say that neither f the two parties is mature for self-gvernment-and the Jewish Natinal Hme shuld be allowes t stagnate.
2. THE JEWS BUIlD THEIR NATIONAL HOME
Of an abandonment or even a curtailment f the scpe of the Jewish nationalHome, by a cessatin or a limitation f Jewish immigartion into Palestine, there must be and there can be n quesrion. It is true that if brstruction be England’s plan-all signs point t such an eventuality-the Zinist mvement and the Jewish peple will probably have neither the strength nor the plitical influence to parry so cruel and so undeserved a blow. But other have. And ther must act. for the Jewish problem, of which Palestine is the kernel, in no longer an academic question on which men can afford t debate and discourse at Leissure. By their stracism of the Jew, the Fascist states have made of the Jewish question an integral and inseparable part of the greater problem confrontating civilization one that can no longer solved by the establisment of partial or rtemprary havens of refuge.
3. Not All Jewish People were expect to come to Palestine
Not all Jewish people were expected to come to Palestine because the geographical limits f the cuntry wuld nt have permitted the settlement of so great a number. nly a kernel f the jewish people,withdrawn from the galuth, wa to there build a civilizatin marked by the ethos f the hebraic spirit and make a cntribution t the sum ttal f human civilization in accordance with the natinal character and the natinal genius of the Jewish people.
@Copyright Dr iwan S. 2010.