THE ANCIENT AFGHANISTAN WAR COLLECTIONS
Compile from many Vintage Books illustrations by@copy right Dr Iwan S. 2010.
I. BEFORE CHIRST PERIOD
( 6th – 1th CENTURY BC)
1. Archaeminides Dinasty of Persia (550-330 BC)
The Archaeminides dinasty of persia occupied Afghanistan.
(1) Emperor Archaemenid III (550-576)
(2) Emperor Cyrus II (576-550 BC)
(3) Emperor Darius I (550-480 BC)
II. The Greeco dinasty
The Greeco dinasty of Greeks occupied Afghanistan
(1) Alexdander the Great (330 BC)
(2) Greeco-Bactrian state in Balk city(250 BC)
(3) Eueratides dinasty (130 BC)
II. BEFORE ISLAMIC PERIOD
(1st – 7th CENTURY AD)
1. Aryana Kingdom (1-1600 AD)
Aryana meands the Lands of the Aryans with Capital Balkh.
(1) Dinasty Peshadi
(2) Dinasty Yama
(3) Dinasty Kawi and Kawa
(4) Dinasty Kwat and Aspo
2. 1000 AD
Zoaraster, philsopher from Balkh teaching Averta religion.
3. 2nd Century AD
4. Dinasty Kushand (3rd Century AD)
a.King Kanishka the great of Kushand dinasty conquered large part of India, he have two capital :
(1) Summer Capital Bagram
(look at illustration of Begram Buddha statue and illustrations of Begram city)
(2) Winter Capital Peshawar
(look at the illustration of the Peshawar city ,ancient and now)
b,During the Kushan Dinasty, in Aghanistan were built The Temple at Bamdan, Bagram and Peshawar and large fire temple at Baghean.
c. King KUshan had a political and commercial relation with China and Roman empire because Afghanistan area in the middle of the Silk road between the two empire.
d. Kushan glory began to fall away gradually and West Turk and Sasanid Kingdom have made number of conquest which created Ephtalides Dinasty.
5. The Dinasty of Ephtalides
During this Dinasty, King Rubbic and Brahman rule Kabul (Afghanistan). (no illustration exist)
6. 6th-7th Century AD
Emperor Chorid from Kutub Minor of Delhi conquest
Ghanavid in India, introducing civilization move from Lahore to Delhi.
III. ISLAMIC PERIOD
( 8th-13th CENTURY AD)
1. 642 AD
Arab defeat Sasaman by Pricess Herat and Saistan.
2. 8th Century AD
The first Arab missionaries and troops entered Westren bodies of Afghanistan and the Capital city Kabul.
3.Ghasnaevid Dinasty (*th-9th Century AD)
The emperor Mahmud Ghazni of the Ghasnavid dinasty conquered Afghanistan, and Ghazni City started to challange Bghdad,Tangier and Cairo as the center os Islamic civilization.
IV. MONGOL OCCUPATION PERIOD
(1370-1526 CENTURY AD)
The first Mongol Khan(emperor) Genghiz Khan occupied Afghanistan and oder Timur Khan as the king of Afghanistan with the capital at Herat.
(look at the picture illustrations of Gengghiz Khan and Timur Khan with the capital Herat)
Zahiruddin baber came to Kabul from Farghana valey.
Safavid King of Iran Took over Afghanistan in this year
(look at his picture illustration 1502).
V. MUGHOL OCCUPATION PERIOD
Jehan Shah the King of the Mughol occupied Afghanistan (look at his picture illustrations)
The Hotakia dinasty king Mirwais Khan.(look at his picture illustration) from 1705 until 1738.
Shah Mahmud who led an Afghanistan army into Persia defeated persian. at the Battle of Guenabad.(look his picture illustration)
Jehan Shah the last King of Mughol(look at his picture illustrations)
V.. Durani Empire (1747-1826)
King Ahmad shah the first king of Durani or Afshenif kingdom with the capital at Kandahar, he was the Father of the SAfghan nation (look at his picture illustration 1751.}
The Son of Ahmad Shah, King Timur Shah became the king of Afghanistan and he transfer the capital to Kabul from Kandahar.
3. The grandson of Ahmad shah,Zaman Shah the became the king of Afghanistan.
VI. EUROPEAN INVASION
1.The Siege of Herat.(1837-1838)
During the King Dost Mohammad Khan, collision between the expanding British and Russian Empire ,significant influence Afghanistan., this situation escallationed to The Siege of Herat from 1837 until 1838.
(Look the illustrations of King Dost Mohammed Khan and the Herat city picture.)
2. THE ANGLO-RUSSIAN WAR
(1) The First Anglo-Russian war (1839-1842)
British occupied Jalal Abad, Kabul ,Shasmi and Kandahar.This war destruction British army.
because the British Resident General Mac Naghten and King shuja was assaination by Amir Sher Ali Khan at Kabul and British troop quit Afghanistan.
(look at the illustartion of Gen.Mac Nahgten , King Shah Shuja and Amir Sher Ali Khan)
(2) The Second Anglo-Russian war (1878-1880)
(look at the illustrations of British Naval War Ships)
The British second invasio vs Amir Mohammed Yacoob Khan (look at his picture illustration)
The battle of Maiwand ,Amir Abdur Rahman became the King of Afghanistan unitil 1905 and he unified Afghanistan.(look at his profile illustration) .
Afghanistan netral country during World War I.
6.Reform of Amanullah khan and civil war
look at the King Amanullah Khan picture and vintage civil war Photo illustration.
7. The Reign of Nadir Shah (1929-1950)
look at the King Nadirs Shah picture.
8. The Reign of Zahir Shah (1950-1973)
The last King of Afghanistan King Zahir Shah9
(look at the Book illustration of his profile in1950 and 1958)
@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2010