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THE FIRST STAMP BLACK PENNY POSTAL HISTORY
1. In this year the British postal system still had the regulation that the recipient paid postage on delivery with special prestamp postmark.and handwritten the postage cost, but many reciepient after read the information didn’t want to paid the postage cost in cash , but they said this was the wrong address.
2. London City issued The medal commemorate the visit of Queen Victoria to the city london, this medal based on William Wyon sktech the profile of 15 year old princess Victoria , later during Treasure Competition based on Wyon medal provide sketch by Henry Corbould , and then Charles and Frederich Heath used this sketch as the base of Black Penny stamps engraved printing
William Wyon was the finest medallist of his time.and the very expensive engraving made forgery more difficult.
(look at the illustration of the Queen Victoria Medal 1837 same with Black Penny design caption Wyon Medal) .
2. Sir Rowland Hill made proposal to reform the British Postal system with the idea of an adhesive stamp to indicate pre-paid of postage.
(look at the Rowland Hill profile young & older and painting ,statue , tomb , also His handsigned on document illustrations)
.Sir Rowland Hill together with Henry Cole was given a two year contact to ruin the new system .
1.The British Treasury (The governement body of the Post Office) and Sir Rowland Hill ran a competition to identify the best way to Pre-Paid Letter sheet. None of the 2600 entries were good enough. This Treasure entries Competition collections still exist now , the best collections were donated by the best British collectors to the British Postal Musuem, and other still in the anonim rich collectors.
Please look some Treasure Entries Competition illustrations from the vintage British Musuem Maganzine 1938 :
(a) Charles Whiting sketch
(b) Myers sketch
(c) Perkins and Bacon sketch
(d) Henry Corbould sketch
(e) William Wyon Sketch
At least he accepted the design created by artist William Wyon for Black Penny stamps and Mulready the first one penny postal stationer were issued (look at the Mulready Postal Stationer illustration)
2. At least The British Treasure and Sir Rowland Hill choosed a rough , feuturing an easilly recognable profile, and Hill believed this would difficult to forge.
Hill’s report on the competition used some of suggestion submitted to reiterate his idea for prepayment, the stamp to be in four form to handed in by the Public t be stamped to order, but the stationery was not to be introduce immediately due to difficulties with the due :
(3) Adhesive label (the first Black Penny unperforated stamp)
3. The Head of 15 year old former princess Victoria was engraved by Charles and Frederich Heath based on a sketch provided by William Wyon and the resketch by Henry Carbould which had been designed for a medal to commemorate the Visit of Queen Victoria to the city of London 1837 (Look at the Black penny stamps and compare with The Medal, also the same design were used in EIC -Singapore copper Coin ,please look at the Rare Singapore copper coins in this block)
4. the two upper corner of the Black penny stamps contained letter designing the position of the stamp in the present sheet,A-A for the stamp at the top left.
5. The Black penny stamp sheet were printed by Perkin Bacon , cnsist 240 stamps in 20 row and 10 collum and the stamp was printed in black in.
6.The total Black penny stamps printed 286.700 sheet (68.808.000), but why this stamps still rare :
(1) all the Stamps collectrs all ver the world (more than 10.000.000.000- million stamps collectors ) prefered to collect this famous first stamp.
(2) A substantial number of these stamp have survived because enveloped were not normally used , Cover in the form of Letter Sheet were folded and Sealed with the stamp , the adress n the observe.
If the letter were kept, the stamps were survived , but many broken during open the letter, that is why Postally used cover with cleared stamp and postmarked or in very find hingless mint stamp still rare and high prices now (UCM have one best condition covered-look at the illustration)
7. The complete illustrations of the processing of Black Penny printing issued by the Perkins and bacon printing office have completed illustrated in the vintage British Postal Magazine 1938 will illustrated in this blog ( If collectors want to look this collections please go to The British Postal Museum in London)
(1) Reject Die 1
(2) Approved Background
(3) Reject Die 2
(4) Approved die
(5) Proof Black penny
(6) Die and Roller printing of Black Penny
(7) Die Black Penny ( many plates issued more than than plate)
1.January -February 1940
(1)The Die of Black Penny Stamps was engraved by Charles and Frederick Heath , with a security background of engine-turned engraving .
TheAcher’s patent of Die was bought by the Goverment for 4000 pounds, there is no known potrait of Henry Archer.
(2)Spice of the corner ornaments and the value were added and a printing plate was made by rolling the image (look the illustration of Die and Roll Black Penny Stamp) from the die 240 times (240 pennies making one pound) , then individual pair of letter were punched in on the plate making each stamp different, in order to prevent re-used.
(3)The old original master die is still extant but all die printing plates were destroyed.
2. April 1840
Printing in recess (or Intaglio) on watermarked paper by Perkins,Bacon and Petch in fleet Street began in April 1840
Once dry the sheets were gummed .
Printing the lower value Black Penny stamp precise spacing was a problem as the paper was wetted during the printing process when the paper dried it shranked , this meant that mechanical separation was difficult.
Archer advocated printing the Stamps by letterpress, a dry printing process die of Black.
3.May ,1st 1840
The Penny Black stamp went on sale in London Post Office only on this day May,1st.1840, becaoming valid for postage on May 6th 1840.
(1)In this day one cover with Black Penny have originally first used with London Postmarked, because the postmaster selling the stamp from May 1st 1840.
Only a single example Black penny on cover with postmark in this day is known on with date May 1st 1840.
(The World First adhesive Postage stamp used in the public Postal system in this day)
(2).May 2nd 1840
(a)All London post office recieved official issued of the Black Penny stamps, but the other Post office throughout the united Kingdom didnot, that is why they continuing to accepted Postage payment in cash (The prestamps cover still found with cash paid post mark in this day,)
(b) A Cancellation (Postmark) in the form of a Maltese Cross was used on a black penny stamp this meant a red cancellation ink, but it was found that this could be removed and s exhaustoive trails took place with both printing and cancellations ink. It resulted in Panny Black cancellation ink change froom red to bro9wn red, white, blue and at least many other type of postmark was used .(please look at the illustration of several color cancellations, and the complete postmark will illustratated in the next UCM show THE EARLIEST BRITISH POSTMARK COLLECTIONS in this blog.)
5.May 4th 1840
Bath post officed in UK ,offering Black penny stamp unofficially that is why the rare cover With Black Penny stamps used with postmark Bath May 4th 1840 had found .
6.May 6th 1840
In this day was the official date that the Black penny stamps available.
Acher and Robert Brandstone propose the engrave print, gum and perforated sheet of Stamps, preparing everything that might be required . Bronston was a well known engravers and at this time an essay was produced base on the Penny Black stamp but they potrait of Albert , the prince consort, this they printes letterpress and proferated on Archer’s machine, it can be ragarded as the freunner of later victorian stamp. but the Royal Queen Victoria reject this stamps ( look at the illustration of the prince consort proof unperforated and Perforated caption Prince Albert proof)
@copyright Dr Iwan S.2010