THE DAI NIPPON OCCUPATION JAVA
@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2010
I.MARCH 4th 1942
The 48th Division Army of Dai Nippon Forces Landing at Merak Banten Coat lead by May.Gen.Tsuchihashi, Brigade sakaguchi led by May Gen Sakaguchi, and Resimen lead by Col Shoji, under the Commander-in-Chief Let.Gen. Hitoshi Immamura.
II,March 5th 1942
(1)Dai Nippon army which landing ar Krangan, after occupied Tjepoe (march 2nd), and Bojonegoro , the DN proceed futher and overhelm by The Dutch defense at Ngawi regency, after this regency occupied Dai Nippon occupied Tjaroeban,Ngandjuk,Kertosono, Kediri and Djombang (east Java).
(2)Dai Nippon attacked Dutch army at the route Serang,Rangkasbitung,Leuwiliang,Buuitenzorg(now bogor) and straight attacked and occupied north Subang and tjiater ,also Tanggerang city in this day.
1..Dai Nippon infiltrated and occupied Solo and Jogya.
2.. Dai nippon enter Batavia in this day
(1)The illustration of Dai Nippon enter Batavia(now Jakarta) picture illustration by The Dai Nippon Soldier sketch . caption “DN enter Batavia ”
(2) The vintage book “The Last Day of Batavia”
(Meeting The Teacher by Soelaiman,Setyawati)
From Mei 1940, Many Dutch Proffesor in Batavia couldn’t communicated with Dutch Homeland, after the Pacific war begun ,the DEI government have prepared to Dai Nippon attacked, The Batavia coast around Tandjong Priok harbour have upgrading the protecting . The Civil Stadwacht (City watcher)and Land Wacht(Landwatcher) have builded to prtect the cicil citizen. and after that they trained the First aid.The proffessor also join this Civil defense and during teaching they wear the Citywatcher uniform.
After several times the Kemajoran Airport were boombing by Dai Nippon aircrafts, All the Literature Books were moved into the Main University Building which added Beton cement protected, the student of Anthrophology University of Indonesia were helping to move the Literature Books.
During boombing, the High School’s teaching were stopped and the student must secures theirself under the stairs after the Sirene stop. Although in the war situations the Teaching still go on, except some student had led to their village.
One day our Professor had shaked hands to farawell , we are the student very sad .(after Dai Nippon Occupation all the Faculty closed except Medical and Technical Faculty, I heard when the University occupied by The Dai Nippon soldier, all the Books from Libbrary were through out of the windows,when Mrs DR de Jong want to keep the literatur, Mr Prijono said ” Mrs, remember Your life”, after that we moved to intern Village)
I still remember at the time in the afternoon, when Batavia attacked by The Dai Nippon Army. I still at the Archeology Faculty building and saw some student learning in the room (now the library of Art science-Sastra Faculty). I saw Prof. Soepomo with traditional Java Sarong and Blankon , he was the Dean of law faculty , and he met the Dai Nippon soldiers during the Indonesia university were occupied.
In afternoon on March 8th 1942, I saw the Dai Nippon truck stopped ,and I have seen Prof.Bernet Kempers (The famous Dutch expert of Anrkeologist) , Prof Ertheim and other Dutch professor at the truck, they up their hand and said Good by till we meet again. All the Dutch, British and Australian army were put in Jailed 9as the Prisoner of War) .
At the first day Batavia Chaos, nobody Brave to go out of thei house, because I heard when Dai Nippon occupied Shanghai china many robery and sex saduced, but in Batavia didn’t happened. When The Storage were robery the Dai Nippon solder have shooting the Roberies. The Dai Nippon army also from Korea soldier as the front soldier attacked, they had odered to keep the Car for attacked Bandung, my father’s car also captured too. After the situation more sophisicated, I brave went to my friend home Ida Nasution near Salemba not far from Medical Faculty, they have keep enough Rice before the Dai Nippon attacked, I didn’t know my Father still worked in his office because very difficult to find rice if not work.
Another day I saw many White man with beard,dirty not cleaned, they were the prisner of war order the walking in the road from Glodok prisioners to the Striswijk Prisoner (now Rutan Salemba).
Not so long, the Europe and Australian womens with their children also put in the Civil Prisoner Camp. in 1943 there were the camp at The Raden Saleh street. Jakarta but The Indo (the son of mixing couple White and Native people ) didn’t put the prisoner Camp.
Mrs Kampers and her son also put in the prisoner camp, they stayed away from their husband , because they have were put in The Java Civil prisone Camps, beside prof. bernet Kempers also another famous Europeaun Archeologist like Bob van Heekern and De Casparis were put in the Burma and Thailand prisners camp to build the railways.( please look the Dai Nippon Military card from Molmein Burma prisoner of Camp at “Dai Nippon Millitary Collection”in this blog.
With the god bless all the archologist Kempers,Bob van Heekeren and de Casparis still alive until the end of the War, and I am very happy to have their guidence and knowledege teaching until finish the bachalor degree , at least I still met Prof Kemper and I write this story special for Him. (UCM have prof Kempers private letters with his own hand signed, -dr Iwan S.)
1. Dai Nippon Government issued Dai Nippon Military order (Osamu Serei) no 1 About how to administrated the Dai Nippon Military Government.
OENDANG-OENDANG No. 1
Tentang mendjalankan Pemerintarahan Balatentara
Pasal 1 until pasal 6.
Djakarta,tanggal 7,boelan 3,
tahoen Syowa 17 (2602)
(look the illustration of the original book issued by the Dai Nippon military Government about the Dai nippon Military administration in Indonesia Language , caption : DN order no1 7th, and the complete order read “Dai Nippon Administratin Java” in this blog. Dai Nippon have made the best occupation’s planning included the Osamu Serei or Regulations, collectors will seen some very interesting Osamu Serei collection laters)
2.Dai Nippon army in West Java
In this day DN Forces occupied lembang,and the meeting between DEI army and DN army (Shoji) at Hotel Isola lembang (ex villa Barrety, ex IKIP Institute and now Faculty Educated) .
Dai Nippon Ultimatum to DEI army too surrender in 2x 24 hours , if not Bandung will boombing until destroy or surrender.
3.Dai nippon army in middle Java
DN Forces advanced rapidly and overcome all Dutch Army defense in Blora ,Solo ,Bojolali ,Jogya ,Mage-lang ,Salatiga ,Ambarawa and Poerworedjo.
4. The last flight of KNIL
The DEI Forces (KNIL) last flight DC3 Wielewaal from Andir airport, at Boeah Batoe Street Bandoeng flea Let.Gov.General DR van Mook, The Commandant of KNIL May.Gen. l.H. van Oyen led to Australia(Brisbane) to developed the DEI government there.and Indonesia only have The Dutch Forces commander in chief without Governrur General anymore because Tjarda only ex Gouvernur General of DEI (Vaccum authority)
V. MARCH 8th 1942
1. In the morning of this day
The Dai Nippon army (The Kanei and Matsumoto detachment) move through mainland, capture Keboemen, and Purwokerto north Tjilatjap and the Dai Nippon military of Yamamoto detachment move along the beach and mounted a two jungle strong attacked ,entering Tjilatjap. The Dutch had withdrawn to Wangon, a small town between Poerwokerto and Tjilatjap (look at Wangon map illustration cap. DEI forces resisted Wangon map).
2. In the Afternoon until Night
Dai Nippon military have succeed their campaign when this afternoon Commander In Chief Dutch Forces Let.general Ter Poorten (up his rank to General when the meeting) surrendered to Dai Nippon Army Commander In Chief at This first Kalidjati Calpitulation meeting.
This mysterious Kalidjati Capitulations meeting that made in the very clever Dutch Political strategy, because when the meeting DEI without the authority of Governor General (he had led to Australia yesterday) because Tjarda was ex Governour General, he havenot the authority, that is Why the Dai Nippon Commander in Chief Hitoshi Immamura didnot want to have meeting with him , and Tjarda went back to Bandoeng, the meeting forbidden to made photo ,only a picture painted by japanese soldier with The light on in the night.(no Photo EX Governor general meeting and sign the surrender, look illustration Let.gen ter Poorten surrender at Kalidjati ,this photo in this Night or midday March 9th still confuse because no light on. caption DEI Forces Surrender 8th, If the collectors have the illustration March 8th at Kalidjati with light on please show us via comment,UCM have the painting illustration but still cann’t found in UCM library,please collectors be patient the illustration will installed later if we met that vintage book name Bandoeng old and new-Dr Iwan S.)
Dai NIppon Commander In Chief also the Governor of Java later, have the meeting two times this night when (Let) General ter Poorten as the Commender in Chief of Dutch Forces surrender to Dai Nippon, and tomorrow the second meeting with complete picture in midday(no light off).
This situation have made a favor for DEI government after the WWII ,DEI led by Let.Gov.general Van Mook have claimed that Indonesia still in the authority of DEI, amd British allied forces must given Back Indonesia to DEI, and DEI didnot accepted NRI Independence proclamations until this day, that time they said NRI as the rebellion or extrimiest govern-ment, and only gave the authority to RIS under union under Netherlands in December 1949, but Indonesia alsways said once Independence always Independence in August 17th 1945.
The detailed information please red in this blog Dai Nippon Mitilary administration Java.were the founder reseached compile with my friend medical collaege now PHD in Historian,DR Rushdy Husein report the Kapitulasi kalidjati ; we haved discuused about this myterious Capitulation in 2000, because the contradiction of Capitulation’s photo in midday without light not at night with light on, after more researched I found that there were two meeting , first in March 8th at night forbidden to photo,only painting the weeting at night with light, and the second meeting in March 9th with complete photo.
The first Meeting in this night with Tjarda not succeed because Immamura didn’t want to meet ex non-authorized Governour Genral OF DEI, and after that the meeting only with Ter Poorten, that is why during Kalidjati capitulations ,only Commander in Chief DEI forces surrender , but The DEI Goverment didn’t surrendered. and also the Caitulation administrations didn’t found anymore after the war,but Immamura written in his memoir that the administration exist.(may be burn why by Whom?? still mystery)
Let.Gen. Ter Poorten in this first meeting accepted to Surrender , in March 9th will informed the Dutch Army surrender to Dai nippon via Dutch Nirom radio and came back to Kalidjati bring the list of DEI army power at 13.50.
3. In the Midnight
Let.Gen. Ter Poorten order for all the DEI forces to surrendered and put in the news paper of March 9th 1942 early morning printed.
VI.MARCH 9th 1942
1.Let.Gen. ter poorten order DEI Radio(NIROM) to announced the DEI Military surrendered to Dai Nippon at Kalidjati Capitulation in March 8th 1942, and order to all Dutch Army commandant to surrender ( but the Marine Soerabaya until April 1st 1942 still not surrender, they issued the official letters-look at April 1st 1942 collection at Dai Nippon occupation Java today .)
2. The Second Kalidjati Capitulation meeting
Let.Gen.Hitoshi Immamura in his memoir have written that the two side have signed two document about capitulation in Nippon and Dutch language about 13.20. From the DEI Jendral Ter Poorten. Chief of staff May.jen.Bakkers, Let.Col Mantel and Capt. J.D.Thijs as the translater. The Dutch government didn’t confirm this informations, because no surrender capitulation document exist , the same also during japanese capitulation in 1946 ,many document were burne by the Dai Nippon.
3. In this day Mayor Gen. Pierre A.Cox , the Dutch Central Army distric Commandewr, surrender his troops to The Dai Nippon military .
4. In this day Mayor Gen.Ilgen. commander of the KNIL in east Java signed the instrument of surrender( still mystery why in April 1st 1942, The soerabaja ‘s Marine
still issued the recommendation latters ,look at the collections illustrations later signed by the Marine Devisionwork’s chief van Schmidt?)
VII. MARCH 10TH 1942
Let.gen.Hitoshi Immanura became the new Governor of Java and madura ( only eight month until Nov.11th 1942. he was subordinate to Field Marshall Count Hisauchi Terauchi, the Dai Nippon supreme command of Southern Army, headquaters in Saigon, French indochina. He was also the Governor of the so called Southern Territories of Malaya ,Burma ,Philli-pines,Hongkong,Java,Sumatra and Borneo and directly subordinated to the Imperial Headquaters Tokyo.)
The end @copyright dr Iwan S. 2010.