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I. SPECIAL INFORMATIONS
The UCN &UCM founder have found a very interesting vintage book ” Fifty Years Of Postal Administration In China ” A Special release issued by the Canadian office of the Chinese Government Information Office,1946.
This rare vintage book consist three kind of Informations:
1. POSTAL ADMINISTRATION IN CHINA (1896-1946)
“A letter from home is worth a million dollars” so runs an old Chinese saying. Today(1946), the entire concept is,perhaps,changed. After over half a century of postal service, million of such letter are being transmitted daily through China’s postal network. Peple recieve long-awaited messages from their relatives and friends so frequently and speedily that they no longer regard letters as having any pecuniary value
(Now we can communicate very fast by Digital SMS only in second,that is why not many postcard send anymore and not many pstcard or cover with stamps fund anymore, but postal history collection still exist because this collections were the History fact relaeted with the Humanlife heritage but became difficult to found that is why the collectors must keep the postally used covers-Dr Iwan S.)
To trace the origin of Postal service in China, one has to dig into Chinese history books which tell of the I Chan or Imperial Government courier services and the Minchu or native posting agencies as early as the Chow dynasty in 1122 B.C.
The I Chan, maintained only at the Imperial palace, ran errands between the state and the provincial authorities, while the Minchu was operated for the general public with varying charges paid by the sender and the adressee.Both the I CHan and the Minchu were well-equipped and efficiently organized,covering the greater parts of Szechwan,Shensi ,Kansu and the far west.
GENERAL POSTAL SERVICE BEGUN IN 1896 AND GENERAL POST OFFICE FORMED IN 1911.
In 1861, an Englishman, named Robert Hart,started an experimental postal service in China along modern line
(Some of the Robert Hart postal used cover have found this day, all the cover had his initial RH -look illustration. The UCN&UCM founder have done the same in 1985 from Indonesia to all over the world one a liitle send back to sender because the country have independence, this rare collections postally used covers from all over the world to indonesia will showed later in this Blog. In 1896″The travel around the world 25 years ago with postal history collections”Dr Iwan S.).
1n 1896 ,the Emperor issued a special decree giving official recognation to the “European” postal sysyetm and bringing to end the old I Chan and Minchu postal practices -look the Foreign Post office in China stamp and postmark illustration ( The founder havel writen about the Foreign Posta services in China “The Freign Uniform in China Postal history” will put in this UCN blog later)
This postal system was for many years operated by the Chinese Maritime Customs-look the Customs postmarrk illustration.
It was not until a General Post Office was formed in 1911 that the Postal administration became a separate Government organization
When the Republic (of China) came into existance in 1912, China’s postal administration had already been firmly established, and so on March 1st,1914 , she formally became a party to the international postal convention.
WARTIME REPUBLIC OF CHINA POSTAL OPERATION
When the Sino-Japanese War brke ut in 1937, China’s(ROC) postal
system suffered a heavy blow. Its head office had to be evacuated first from Nanking to Hankow, and then to the hills of Chungking. Score of mail rutes and numerous postal establishments fell into the hands of the Japanese who either set them ablaze or turnedthem into military defense works.-look illustration of Dai nippon overprint on china stamps.
However, unlike wartime Europe where mail service between the enemy or occupied areas and the “free” country was handled by the International Red Cross (same in indonesia,look at Indonesia Independence war,will put in this blog later by The Chinese Hospital Yang seng Ie red cross Batavia-Jakarta-Dr Iwan S.), the postal administration in China had creditably succeeded in keeping
open its major mail links between Free China and the leading occupied area such as Shanghai,canton and Hongkong (also Amoy szeming-now Xianmen , that is why all the ROC stamps postal used during the resistant war have send to indonesia and will illustarted in the China Resistant & Liberation war collections-Dr Iwan s.)
Foreign mail took the formof airmail and was mostly transmitted from Kunming to Calcutta ( UCM have the postal used stamped with CDS Kunming), where made for foreign destinations. Parcel pst service to the United States,canada,England,Russia, and some countries in the middle East was reopened in 1944, after an agreement was made among the Chinese Ministry of Communications, the Indian and the Soviet postal administrations. The volume of domestic mail during the war, as shwn in the year 1944, stood well over 650.000.000 pieces (Where that postalused cover now? why became diddfuct to found in China now, may be many was burn during the war or the collector get the stamps off covers-Dr Iwan s)
ROC POSTAL REHABILITATION
ROC’s postal service undertook a program of rehabilitation soon after V-J day. Except in the Communist-occupied areas where the branch office had to be abandoned (No,the postal service still open and local stamp still issued by the Communist people liberation army , read the China liberation war collection- Dr iwan S)
The ROC postal service was resumed almost instantly inthe newly recovered areas. An over-all postal rehabilitaion program was carried out, which not only restored the old offices but also established new branches in many remote places.
Up to the end of 1946 , a total of 60.602 general post offices, branch office, stations and agencies had been registered with the postal administration. During that year, 1.027.937.076 letters or two and a half letters for each Chinese, were delivered by more than 100.000 green-uniformed messengers cvering a total distance of 349.383 miles.
Due to the vast sovered by the domestic pstal services, the modes of transmitting letters by the couriers vary in accordance with available types of transportation, ranging from mules and carts in the mountainous regions by the four-engine DC-4s. Ordinary foreign mail winds its way through the Siberian railway to Russia ot through the Hankw-Canton railway to countries in Southeast Asia including Indonesia). Mail for the European or the Americans is usuallyshipped by cean liners (Shipmail or paquebot)through the Pacific Ocean or the suez canal. Airmail is being flown by the Pan American Airways, the british Overseas aviation corporation,the china national aviation corporation, the Phillipine Airlainens and the northwest Air lines to various parts of the world.
THE ROC POSTAL SERVICES DURING THE LIBERATION WAR
During the past year or two China’s postal administration has made rapid strides toward mdernization, and some ofits method and services may be regarded as even revolutionary. A 24-hours services is maintained by some post offices in Nanking and Shanghai, maiking posible the delivery of rdinary letters between the capital and the Metropolis of shanghai within ten hours. Many new methods are now being tried, first in the Shanghai-nanking area and later to be extended to other cities
2. VINTAGE PHOTO CHINA’S POSTAL SERVICE (1896-1946)
(1) New Post Office at Kulow
(2) Mobile Post Office operating in the bigger Nanking city.
(3) Moror-cyclist postman for special delivery or express
(4) Postmen ready to colect and deliver mail on bicycles
(5) General post office in Shanghai frnts Schw Creek.
(6) Interior of General post Office Building in Sahnghai
(7) Camel Caravan packed with mail on their trek across the Gobi desert.
(8) Sledge carry mail across the frozen Sungari River in the Nortwest
(9) Post office near Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum in Nanking nation’s capital
(10) Postal both, miniature post office,serves public at popular spot
The illustration of ROC postal service in 1946, will installed if the collectors asked via comment only.
3. 50th ANNIVERSARY OF THE POST OFFICE 1946 STAMPS
(1) 50 th anniversary of the post office 1946 stamp 100.-yuan
(2) 50th anniversary of the post office 1946 stamp 500 yuan
1. The market price of Yuan dynasty ceramic
The market price of Yuan ceramic depend on
(1)the mint production imperial or kitchen wares
(2) The colour ,red in glaze, Momahadan blue, Qingpai and Zhou Chou, or kitchen ware glaze.
(3) The condition very fine , bad,or restored ware
(4) The size of the collection small,medium or bigger.
The Kitchen Yuan ware very cheapest because many found by the fisherman or by private companion with Government I have seen the collector have 10.000 pieces in very fine condition in indonesia , the price down I have bught this year only US $ 3,- – $ 5,- only.
The imperial Yuan ceramic only found in restored condition in auction only US $ 6000.- and I have restored imperial Qing Pai only the market price US$1500, before the same item sold at US$ 20.000.-.
The red in glazed very difficult to found, the restored item the market price between US $ 1500,- to US.2000,- but I have ever bought Only US $150,- because the trader didn’t understand that type of ceramic.
The very find original Yuan red in glazed imperial ceramic prized ever sold in auction US$70.000,- this the highest price in Indonesia ever heard.
I hope the collectors ebe carefull because many Yuan fake ceramic from the small jarlet,saucer until the yuhunchuping mohamadan blue exist, better before bought look at “The Yuan imperial artifact” in this block, learn about the exact color and painting style because no one can imitating the same pattern and style, be carefull.
2. The Rajah C.Brooke coins
The Rajah sarawak coins ,very rare only the copper coin of J.(ames) Brooke (the first Rajah) 1/4 and 1/2 cent.
The C.(charles0 Brooke the second rajah copper coin common still exist, but the C.Broke silver coint 10cen ,20 cent and 50 cent rare because many dilated during the silver high price befre the WW II.
The C(harles) V(yner) Brooke was the third Sarawak Rajah, CV Brooke coins common.
Please read The Sarawak Document and Postal Hitory collection and The Sarawak Rare coins and Aung aung sarawak rae coins.
If the collector want to have the information about unique or rare collection please asked via comment, UCN will answer your questions. Many collector choice were found via wordpress tool the collector click the blog during browsed at Google explorations.
III. UCM INFORMATIONS
After long processing all the information of “The China Restistance War Collection” and “The China Liberation War Collections’ have installed finish 100% , all the chronologic historic information about the War ,vintage photo, rare stamps and rare banknote collection during the war. The illustration still in processing and installed one by one starting tomorrowand will finish in February 28th 2010. This is one of the best UCM-uniquecollection cyber Museum collections, please send more informations via comment.
UCM announce that the illustrations of the collections only installed if the collectors asked via comment only, starting from march 2010, every ady only some illustration related to the informations that day.
@Copyright Dr Iwan S.2010