I.BASIC HISTORY KRETEK KLOBOT CIGARETTES KOEDOES/KUDUS:
After Merried Nasilah, nitisemito developed the Klobot kretek with label ” Kodok Mangan Ulo” means frog eating Snake, this mark not succeed and he changed “Bulatan Tiga” Three Circles , but because the design near same with Ball , the people called ” Bal 3″ or Ball Three and this mark Tjap Bal Tiga H.M.Nitisemito official opening in 1914 at Jati village Koedoes.
After ten years merried with Mbok Nasilah , in 1924 Nitisemito became the biggest Fabric production in Indonesia ( six Ha) at Jati village, at this time Koedoes city have 12 bigger factory,16 middle factory and 7 small factory(Gurem). Between the biggest factory owner M Atmowidjojo (Mark Goenoeng kedoe), H.M. Muslich (Mark delima),H.Ali Asikin (Mark Djanger), Tjoa Khang Hay (mark Trio) and H.Sirin( mark Garbis & manggis).
Nitisemito had 10.000 employed, produced 10 million Kretek per day in 1938. His creatived product marketing kretek with used Fokker flight rental 200 gulden for promotion to bandung and jakarta.
At least all Nitisemito factory closed after he was pas away(died) because all of his children quarelled (Perselisihan ahliwaris) and the competitors development like Nojorono(1940),Djamboe Bol(1939) at least Djarum and Sukun (1950). During WWII Dai Nippon took over/menyita Nitisemito assets and in 1955 all the assets of Nitisemito divided between”ahliwaris”.
One of the causal of nitisemito factory falling down was developed Kretek klobot Menak Djinggo in 1930 product of Nojorono, this factory belonged to Kho djie Siong ex Bal 3 agent at Pati. When he worh at Nitisemito factory Kho found many secret informations of the “Racikan” “recipes ‘ and trading strategic of Bal 3 from from his HIS schoolmate M Karman (son in law of nitisemito). in 1930 when the Kretek menak Djinggo sales up, he moved to Koedoes and sold new product Nojorono.
After Menak Djinggo , other factory developved and still productions until now like Djamboe Bol owner H.A. Ma’aruf and Soekoen owner M.Wartono and Djatoem owner Oei Wie Gwan.
Djarum Kretek cigarettes production started from August 20th 1950 with 10 workers. The owner Oei Wie Gwan ex Menak djinggo cigarettes agent at Jakarta, the first bisnis with market for Army i 1955 and 1967 Djarum used the modern machine (Pelinting and peracik Tobacco).
II. Kretek Klobot Label of Koedoes/Kudus factory collections(ill)
(1) Koedoes Label before WW II : mark Garbis ( M.Sirin), Mark Gosok(Kam Kian Ho), Matjan(Aniek) , Djantung (A.M.Ridoewan, mark Kuching (H.M.N.Echsan).
(1) Kudus Label after WW II : Mark Malindjo-factory Podo-Podo, Mark Gajam factory Podo Podo, Mark OGO (M.Roesdie), Moeria Tjap kaki Tiga klobot, Mark Kiosh (M Nadirunatmo), mark Tirtonadi factory Gedep 37885.
(2) Modern Kudus : Menak Djinggo, BAL 3 , Sukun, and Nojorono.
I didn’t found the vintage BAL 3 -Nitisemiyo label and vintage Menak Djinggo label, please the collector who have that label to show us,please comment. all the collector please the bet label to pu in the IMUCS Cybermuseum.
All the label illustration @copyright Dr iwan S. 2010.