INDONESIA ANTHEM COLLECTIONS
I.BASIC HISTORY OF ANTHEM
1.1. INTERNATIONAL ANTHEM
1.1.1. Made By single person
(1)The Maple Leaves Forever (canada)
(2) La Marseillaise (Prancis)
Createn in one night by Claude -Joseph Rouget de Lisle during Fecch revolution. This Anthem sings at the patriotc meeting , the lyric circulation to all the patriot. With this Anthem marches all the patriot marched into Franch in August 1972, but three years latter became officially anthem of France at July .14th 1795. During Napoleon ast the emperor of France this Anthem forbidden to sing, after Independent in 1879 this became the France anthem again until now.
(3) Namo Namo Matha(Srilanka)
1.1.2 Made by several persons.
(1) The Star Spangled Banner (USA)
The USA anthem staring from th epoem of Francis Scott Key . Frances arrest by british soldiers at baltimore when he want to free a physician in 1814. Francis saw the USA flag (The star spangled Banner) at Fort Mc Henry from the Top of British Fort. During this momment he write at the back of letetr . the poem have finish after he changed the palce two time , and the poem caption”Defence of Fort MacHenry” , one of Baltimore singer sing this poem and changed the name with “The Star Sapangled banner’ . Although this song very popular but after 111 years latter as the USA Anthem by the official constitutions.
(2)God Save The Queen(King)-England
(3) Kimigayo means Emperor Authority (Japan)
Japan Anthe had created at 9th century called “Tanka with the element gagaku, and in 1880 the poem unnown writers have arrangement with simple music by Hiromori Hayashi, the originil music like sad song, the the arrangement change by Franz Eckert, german musicus work at Akasaka Palace.
1.2. INDONESIAN ANTHEM
(1) 1923 the earliest Supratman profile phots(ill) and in 1928 the ” Congress version” Indonesia Raja was created by Supratman as the first Version during Indonesia Young man congress
(2)!928. Pamphlet version
Sin Po newspaper issued Indonesia raja pamphlet.
edison one (4000,price 20 sen) and second edition (10.000)
(3)1928 “Populair version”
Yo Kim can the owner of Populair shop produced Black disc record Indonesia Raja abroad , but cann’t impoted to Indonesia.
(4) 1928 ” Firma Tio version”
Firma Tio Tek Hong issued black disc record without bought the royality.
(5)1937. Supratman pfofile photo(ill)
(6)1942″Tokyo radio Version’
During attacked Indonesia,Tokyo radion playing indonesia raja at the neginning and the End of zIndonesia program.
(7) 1944″ PPKI version”
PPKI special commitee issued the Indonesia raja after change the uncommon malay word and only one bait.(ill)
(8) 1947 ” Unknown version”
I found at old chinese vinttage book the three bait Indonesia raya and one bait indobsia raja but uknown creations(ill)
(9) 1951 “Cleber arrangement version”
Joe claber Indonesia raja arrangement due to Sukarno will. Joe Cleber profile photo(ill)
(10) 1952 “Sudjasmin reject arrangement version”
Sudjasmin chang the Cleber arrangement, in order the made simple plain refrain to the Indonesia National Polices orchestra but rejected by sukarno, but the record still exist.
II. CHRONOLOGIC COLLECTIONS
1.Earliset 20th century :Supratman starting think about Indonesia Independence after read about Colonial Politic written by Dr A.Rivai . at” Bintang Hindia “Java newspaper, and more after he heard I r Sukarno speaking : ” Her water you drink. her rice you eat , that is why all of us must “mengabdi’ (served) to her, to the Mother “Pertiwi” (land) of Indonesia . Several year before he remember when his heart feeling when read about “When our componist can write Indonesia Antrhem which can made the indonesia native citizen ‘s spirit(mengelorakan semangat rakyat) and then when he heard what Sukarno said at Indonesian study Club that Indonesia prefered a National Song (lagu kebangsaan) , Supratman was not a speekers, but he can play music and through this he want to created something for his motherland. In this time there was a revolution Song “From West to East” (now “From Sabang To Merauke” but this onle revolutionary song. The song not yet become anthem. Supratman will created an Anthem not revolutionary song and not just as the song used during up the flag (in Dutch “vlaggelied”) . Supratman had experience to creat a song , he can played the International Anthem with his Biola , he could feel the feeling of that Anthem in his heart.
Every night at his house , he played his biola to seek the write tone of the honor and full “semangat “marched of Indonesias Anthem, he write note on the paper and evrytime edited.
One day he show his Anthem notes to Theo Pangemanan- Indonesia componist, during discussion Supratman explain why he choose the international(Euro) colour for his Anthem creation. He didn’t put the Malay,Java,India and also Chinese style that very popular that time.
When Supratman finish his Anthem creation, he made a lobby with the youngman of Kramat Gang(small street) which have busy to prepared Youngman Congres II , he asked them to put his Anthem creations for heard during that congress , before play his Anthem creations in the front of Youngman like Sugondo djojopustpito, Arnold monomutu and A.Sigit. Sugondo the chairman PPPI (Indonesia Youngman Association) , he agreed tio discuss supratman proposal with another youngman , the Congress ‘s youngman accepted that proposal for playing the anthem during congress.
2.October .28th.1928 . Supratman “Anthem” was playing during Indonesia Youngman Congress II after edit during rehearsal. Many Dutch East Indie spy (PID) during that conference that is why very dangerous to sing that anthem originally, the is why they change the word “MERDEKA MERDEKA ” to ‘INDONES INDONES’ , and the anthem not sing but playing by Supratman biola arranstmen and the daughter of Haji Agus Salim , Dolly played Piano. Supratman used white color trouser and white hem and JAS , at time his age 25 years. Aclamation the youngman of the congress accepted that Supratman creations became Indonesia Anthem
3. After Youngman congress, Supratman issued pamflet on Indonesia Raja printed by Sin Po Newspaper ,sole 20 sen per item. First edision 4000, Supratman had the royalti 35o gulden. The second editon by Sin Po 10.000 but Dutch East Indie security keep all the phamphlet .
DEI Goveunar General Jonkeer de Graeff prohibit the Indonesia Raja -anthem play in the community public area , he said. “Why there is exist Indonesia Anthem, The Indonesia Nation not exist?” One day supratman interogated by Honorary judge for the information why he craeted indonesia raja, and also why used character ” Merdeka”(Independence) , for the solution supratman changed the word “merdeka merdeka “to Indones Indones” , although have changed , Indonesia native people still sing the origin word , Indones’Indones’merdeka merdeka.
5. The Supratman friend , Yo Kim Can (the owner Populair shop,Pasar Baroe jakarta still exist now as the book store) by the Indonesia raja copyrigt and issued Black recordplayer(Piring Hitam) producted at the foreign country, but this record cann’t imported to Indonesia because the Political situation.
( I hope Foreign collectors have this record and show us via comment-ed.)
6. Tio Tek Hong concern issue the record of Indonesia Raja with buoght the copyright from Supratman.
7. The DEI governement restricted Indonesia Raja, not allowed to standing ‘s sing at the club, only sing in the close room , not allow to sing “merdeka. Merdeka” only “Indones’Indones'” but the youngman still standing’s sing secretly.
8.In 1928 Supratman also created another song as the comparative with Dutch Song when up their flag one level below Anthem called in Dutch Vlagslied (flag song), and Stijdlied(Marching song) like “Bendera Kita” (our flag).
Supratman craeted song ” Raden Adjeng Kartini” now Other Mother Kartini (Ibu Kita Kartini) to honor that national heros.
Supratman as the journalist of Sin Po newspaper , reported the Indonesia Nation Jamboree at Ambarwinagun Djogjakarta,he came with the song “KBI March” (Kepandoean Bangsa Indonesia means Indonesian Nation Pathvinders) and this song became the Jamboree song until now.
Supratman created a revolutionary Song “Di Timur Matahari” (At the East of Sun0 until this day one of national song.
12.circa 1933. The Indonesia Raja written in Soneta style that populaired that time called “Sextet” Supratman created three cuplet(bait) Indonesia Raja , although very rare sing the 2nd and 3rd cuplet .
The three cuplet created by Supratman in order to have three Saloka (makna,meanings):
1st saloka means description about Indonesia luhur,mulia (honor) , suci (innocent) , and the meanings for Motherland(Ibu pertiwi).
2nd Saloka starting with “let’s we praying” means asked the God will for land,nation, and the people citizens like lithurgy relligious.
3rd starting with”let we promised” as the “Sumpah Setia” like withKing syelendra Srivijaya 7th centuy and Mahapati Gajah Mada Mojopahit Kingdom 14th century traditions.
Supratman created the song for jamboree “Mas Surjawirawan” and then when his physical stamina was down (weakered) Supratman created “Mars Parindra” Parindra means Partai (Party) Indonesia Raja.
Ten days beofore Supratmant passed away, he had interograted by DEI PID (security Police) and arrested (Custody) because he sing with indonesia National Pathdvindiers(Pandu) the song “Sun Rays”(matahari terbit) at NIROM Dutch radio stations now RRI , this situation have made Supratman very stress pchycological .
After free from custodian, supratman move to Tjimahi with his Father but he also under the PID pressured. and Supratman cameback to Batavia(Jakrta) joint Ahmadiyah Islamic sekte from lahore(now Pakistan) , then move again to Pemalang in this small city no PID pressured.
After feel more wealthy ,supratman move to Surabaya stayed with his sister Rukiyem and Van Eldik, at Manga street Tambaksari area not far from Kenjeren beach. He ever meet the national heros Bung Tomo(Dr Sutomo) , he actived in Youngman curcus in Parindra or Surya Wirawan(Pathvendeurs)
16. August .7th 1938.
Supratman arrested because sing at NIROM radio stations (now RRI).
17. August.17th 1938
Supratman Passe away , and burried at Community graves Kapas, Kenjeren Street not far from his house.
At the same day and month seven years later Indonesia Indopendence announced at Jakarta. Supratman never seen the proclamations and also never heards his indonesia Raja Anthem sing by all the people at the Independence Proclametion ceremony.
Before passed away, Supratman talked and gave his notes to Suparni,senior journalist Surabaya java language newspaper “Penyebar semangat” , Supratman told he wasn’t happyman in the love, but he was ready to passed away because he had fighting with his Biola and Anthem Indonesia Raja.
Supratman last Notes :
Selamat Tinggal tanah airku (Goodbay may homeland)
Tanah Tumpah darahku ( the land of my blood)
Indonesia tanah berseri ( brightens land)
Tanah yang aku sayangi (the Land that I love)
Selamat tinggal bangsaku (goodbey my nation)
marilah kita berseru (let’s we shouted)
Indonesia bersatu (Indonesia unity)
Bangsa dan tanah airku ( My Nation and homeland)
Marilah kita berdoa (let’s we prayed)
Indonesia bahagai (happiness)
Marilah kita bernjanji (Let’s we sing)
Indonesia Abadi (always exist)
Hiduplah (Alive) Indonesia Raja
Selamat Tinggal untuk selamanya (Goodbey fro ever)
After 14 years restricted by Dutch Colonial government, in this year Dai Nippoon landed at Indonesia and Capitulation the Dutch army.
During the starting of Dai Nippon Military forces attaced Indonesia , Tokyo radio with relayed in Indonesia playing “Indonesia Raja” at the opening and closing the redio program.(The same until now at RRI and private TV in Indonesia)
The Indonesia lyric have been edited by the special PPKI ‘s Panitia Lagu Kebangsaan (Anthem board) consist Ir Sukarno,Ki Hadjar Dewantoro, Bintang Soedibjo( Mother SUD), Darmawidjaja, Kiai Hadji Mansyoer, Mohammad Jamin , Sastromulyono,sanusi pane, Cornel simadjuntak, A. Soebardjo, and Oetojo.
This board edit the lyric with not well Malay language and some of the bad lyric were changed , and the new version “Proclamation version” still used unitl now,only the arrangement have changed severla times until the latest .
Indonesia Raja were singing by all of the proclamation’s audiences at the beginning and the closing of ceremony (reported by D.Basa. Merdeka newpaper ,Feb 1946)
After the Annyversary of Indonesia Indepence at Djogja, President Sukarno builded a special board to choose how to Up the National flag and how to sing the Indonesia Anthem Indonesia raja. December 1948 Dutch Nica Soldier “the second Politional Action” acttacked Djogjakarta, Sukarno and hatta were arrest moved to Brastagi north Sumatra, and tthen moved to Bangka Island. General Sudirman have run away and command the Guerillas soldier in the jungle.
(1) August 23 1949 Round Table Conferece at S’gravenhage netherland until november 1949. Indonesia raja were played in orchestra.
(2) December 27th ; Netherland transfered the authority to RIS government.
At the end of this year, M.Jusuf Ronodipuro as the chief of RRI studio, he asked Jos Cleber (expatriat netherland) to change the arransement of Indonesia raja because he succeed to arransered the popular indonesia song “Dibawah sinar Bulan Purnama”(Beyond the fullmoon rays) and “Rangkaian malati”(arranged Melati-indonesia national flowers)
The Indonesia raja new arrangement by Jos cleber were recorded at RRI studio Djakarta, Ronodipuro bring Jos cleber’s arrangement to President sukarno Bung Karno said : ” Indonesia Raja itu seperti Bendera Merah Putih kita.Polos,sederhana,tidak perlu diberi renda-renda lagi”(Indonesia raja like our REd-White flag,blank, no need to add another variation)
Bung Karno asked the rhytme of indonesia raja as honor as the Netherland Anthem”Wihelmus” Indonesia Raja must Plechtstatig (khidmat dan Gagah), but Cleber said Indonesia Raja cann’t same with “Wihelmus”because the Tempo slow(tempo d’largo) while Indonesia Raja March (tempo di marcia), supratman not at the patitur “Upacara,jangan terlalu cepat” (cermony not to fast).
After Cleber discussed with Sukarno, he revised his arransement and the second cleber version Sukarno like that version, and also want to revised againd.
Jos Cleber understand what sukarno prefered, the third Cleber version , the first octaf open with relatif “datar’ plain, the second sextet liefelilk (mendayu-dayu0 with biola and cello domination and Refrain Quatrin sound very heavy(gelegar) with scymbals,tympany and Tromphet with very honor.
Sukarno accepted the third version.
R.A.y Sudjasmin (in memoriam Retired.Police Brig.General) ,want to change the arrangement of Indonesia Raja because the National Police orchestra cann’t playing the Gelegar sound at refrain (Sudjasmin have study music at Zuster Colombra and Pater Schouten at Moentilan and djohjakarta and ever stidy at Utrecht and maastricht netherland, he also as the derigent of Indonesia national Police music Corps which played Indoneia raja during independence cereomy at Merdeka palace from 1950-1970)
When show the new version arragment to Sukarno , he was very angry after heard the new version arrangement and he want to broke the record with hid kneel and the record flying to the head of Mayor general Suharyo (the head of merdeka palace building ser vices) , the master flying but not broken, after that Sudjasmin trauma and didn’t derigent in National day 1952 , but started again 1953. Sudjasmin only made the Jos cleber patitur became more”Sederhana” because very difficult to play the trompet at the refrain, sudjasmin made “Plain” mendatarkan nada in oder to more easy to play . ( I have the record- Blac disc of Indonesia raja arrangement Sudjasmin, but the sound very coarse-auth)
Many Indonesia anthem collections still didn’t found until this day , please the collectors Who have the First version “Youngman Congress version”, The newspaper with the Youngman Congress version, Pamflet issued by Sin Po newspaper -very rare 1st edition, and 2nd edision., Black Record player Indonesia Raja issued by Yo Kim Tjan and Tio Tek Ho please show us via comment @copyright Dr iwan S.2010.