4.3. VIETNAM LIBERATION WAR (VIETCONG OR LIBERATION’S WAR)
4.3.1. PROLOG Diem 1955-1957
4.3.2. DIEM REGIME 1957-1963
4.3.3. The AVRN -Vietcong 1964-1967
4.3.4. The Liberation War 1968-1975
4.3.5. After Liberation War 1976-1980
4.3 THE VIETNAM LIBERATION WAR
(VIETNAM CONG HUA 1955-1975)
4.3.1 PROLOG DIEM REGIME (1955-1957)
a.TRANSITION PERIOD -1954
1) October 1954
(1)October ,23th 1954
(a)The President Eisenhower’s latter to Diem :
Dear Mr President,
I have been following with great interest the course of developments in Viet-Nam , particularly since the conclusion of the conference at Geneva.
The implications of the agreement concerning Viet-Nam have caused grave concern regarding the future of a country temporanly divided by an artificial military grouping, weakened by a long and exhausting war and faced with enemies without and by their subversive collaborators within.
You recent request for and to assist in the formidable project of the movement of several hundred thousand loyal Vietnamese citizen away from areas which are passing under a de facto rule and political ideology which they abhor, are being fulfilled .I am glad this humanitarian effort
We have been exploring ways and means to permit our aid to Viet-Nam to be more effective and to make a greater contribution to the welfare and stability of the Government of Viet-Nam.
I am,accordingly, instructing the American Ambassador to Viet-Na,m to examine with you in your capacity as chief of government how an intelligent program of American aid given directly to your Government canserve to assist Viet-Nam in its present hour of trial , provided that your Government is preparedto give assurances as to the standars of performance it would be able t main tain the event such aid were supplied.
The purpose of this offer in tp assist the Government of Viet-Nam in developed and maintaining a strong, viable state, capable of resisting attempted subversion or aggresion through military means .
The Government of United States expects that their aid will be met by performance on the part the Government of Viet-Nam in undertaking needed reforms.It hopes that such aid, combined with your own continuing efforts, will contribute effectively toward an independent Viet-Nam endowed with a strong government.
Such a government would, I hope, be so responsive to the nationalist aspiration of its people, so enlightened in purpose and effective in performance, that it will be respected both at home and abroad and discourage any who might to impose a foreign idelogy on your free people.
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
(source : Modern History Sourcebook)
(b)The Photograph of President of South Vietnam Ngo Dih Diem with President USA Eisenhowrer at Whasington National Airport.
b. The First year of Diem regime-1955
(1)United States begin to funnel aid directly to Saigon government, agree to Train South Vietnamese Army
(Some postal history collections have found as the Military Free stamp and Milirary stamp ‘s Covers were send from The National Military Accademy at Dalat ,Military training school at Nha Trang (Dong De), Cam Rahn Naval Training Center and 25th Infantry Training Divison at Binh Thuan, in South Vietnam. The unique collection will discuss in The Vietnam Liberation war in the next page-auth) (D)
(2) The Binh Xuyen, a gang of guns were hired by The cao dai, Hoa Hao etc- they would serve the Vietminh and other factions –and even Police to manage bordells,casinos and opium den since 1945, were eleminated by Ngo Dinh diem in 1955.
The recieved of Rayon Ford Car’s repaired station Saigon with the earliest used rare Vietnam Thue Coniem brown revenue 0$50 .
“Nghan do phu tung (Rayon Pieces Detachees) Ford” Saigon 1.2.1955 for Charger two charger of car EOA 1130 = 224 $ + Cahes 3$96 total 232$96, revenue 0$60 total 233$56,
(Best collection for showed-auth)
After a conference with Secretary of State John Foster Dulles , President Magsaysay expressed himself in favor of extending Philippine recognation to South Vietnam.
4) April 1955
(1)Diem crust the Binh Xuyen sect
at the period end of French forces and their Vietnam auxillaries to deploy to South, and for Vietminh troops to regroup in the North.
5) -6) no info
7) July 1955
(a)The man of action formally extended Phillipine recognation in a diplomatic note addressd to Ngo Dinh Diem and hand-carried to saigon by Col.Jose Banzon,Phillipine observer in South Vietnam.(ibid,constantino,1969)
(b)The late used revenue of Etat du Vietnam thieu phieu con niem 60 cent, Facture of Ba Quan montres-lignettes-Stylos Saigon, paid the meuble 312$60. with red squered stamped “Garantie & Mois- Sauf Cases.” And red round stamped “ Ban Quan horlogerie-97 Boulevard Charner- Saigon.”
Diem reject the Geneva accords and refuses to participate in nation wide election, a decision backed by the United States
(3) July 22th 1955
Phillipine’s Senator Recto built up a formidable indictment of American imperialism and its puppet ,Diem
He proceeded to prove the following contentions :
(a)”That South Vietnam is neither independent nor possessed of the attributes of sovereignity; that is destinies are being shaped by foreign powers; that the Diem regime is South Vietnam is despotic oligarchy that administers the affairs of the state not only by a civil war but by the rivalies and quarrels of tw foriegn nations fighting there for supremacy and peddling their respective brands of Western colonialism”
(b) “For us tu urge, even if indirectly, the South Vietnamese to support Diem’s regime in preference to any other regime for South Vietnam, is downright officiousness, an unfriendly act to the people of South Vietnam , and an undue interference in their country’s internal affairs”
(c)” To speak of Diem’s success in resisting both colonialism and communism is to indulge in fiction.
True, Diem is anti-French, but on the other hand , he is helping implant in South Vietnam another form of Westren colonialsm, more prfitable for the colonials perhaps because of prospects of bitter standars of living, civil liberties and political right, but, for that very same reason, more dangerous in its subtlety for the age-long nationalist aspirations of the Vietnamese people.
In other words, Diem made his choice not between nationalism, but between two forms of colonialism.
Among those who took the culgels for Diem were then Undersecretary of foreign Affairs Raul Manglapus and Senator Palaez. In a speech at the University of the Phillipines,Manglapus claimed that Premier Ngo Dinh Diem enjoyed “ general, enthusiactic and overhelming suppot from the Vietnam-ese people”
Pelaez defended Magsaysay’s decision by saying that overhelming public opinion was in favoue of recognation. Lauding Diem as the best man to lead Vietnam to became as independent and free republic. Palaez declared that he had not heard a single Vietnamese complain against the Diem regime. Recto retorted “That ‘s the trouble with you, you read only American papers’
8) August 1955
Not yet information.
9) September 1955
Not yet information
10) October 1955
(1) October.23th 1955
Diem defeats Bao dai in a referen-dum .
(a)Diem become chief of state,proclaims the Republic of Vietnam, with himself as President.
(b) Three days after Senator Recto attack on Magsaysay for the recog-nition of Ngo Dinh Diem’s regime, which according to him had been done in obedience to American dictates, Recto added more fule to the fire with another charge. He disclosed that Magsaysay had recieved $ 250.000 from Americans for his 1953 campaign fund.
The information had appeared in the November 23.1953, issue of Time Magazine. Recto further revealed that American Military officials assigned here ruting the presidential elections had been posted in strategic parts of the country.
(The complete RectoVS Magsaysay will put on another book “Phillipine unique collections” and the Recto comment about Ngo Dinh Diem were the rare information-auth)
(c) The Landing Ship transportation (LST)of Phillipine Navy were sent later to Vietnam used as transportation at Nha Trang with code number HQ 506( I have the postal covers bring by this ship(PH), Cam ranh(HQ 500), and Thi Nai (HQ 502), also another type ship like High Endurance Cutter(WHEC) at Tran Quang Khai –HQ 2,I haved the postal cover brought by this ship, Tran Nhat Duat –HQ 3 , Destroyer escort Radar Picket (DER) at Tran Hung Dao-HQ 1, LSSL-long Ship Support large at Doan Ngoc Tang-HQ 228, Luu Phu Tho-HQ 229, Nguyen Ngoc Long-HQ 230, Nguyen Duc Bong-HQ 231 , LSIL-long ship Infantry large at Thien Kich –HQ 329, Loi Chong –HQ 330. best armed Forces postalhistory of this transpor-tation ship will more interesting with the ship’s photo, I have one photo of LST at Nathrang, six natives Vietnamese women with their traditional cap just out from LST to the beach HQ 505.(P)
(a)The small Book’s Covers with red native vietnamese ‘s Picture illustration“Ca Ve Cu Sau(Sing the pigeon the tettix evened ?), Quyen Thu Bon(Right casing bowl autumnal ?) 1955”, Muc Luc Hieu Tu, Nu tac and Nich ai vong an, and at the back cover propaganda “Hieu Phuc-Hai “Durong Xom Dao. Cuoi Nha Tho Moi Phu nhuan –saigon, Chuyen Ban Anh,Tuong Va Cac Do Tho, Dai Ly Sach, Bao Cong-Giao Theng Viet and Giay Vo Ho-Sinh Dunc-Cu Van-Phong Gia (price) 7 Dong.(OD)
This cover used as the cover of handwritten’s praying :” Kinh cau cho mau an giac”
Chung toi kinh lay @.C.G, kia giac gom hge,cac dan cac mioc luan chuyen cuan phong,lam cho long chung toi tham nao, con mot chon trai tim chua la noi an anh ma thoi, thi chung toi xin chay vao do.
Lay Chua la Chua nhon uc, chung toi khoc loc than van, xin Chua thuong cho an tai ach, Lau Chua.
La vua bang an,cui dau cau khan, xin Chua Cho dang thai binh.
Trai Tin Chua da loa ngon lua men yen, Lam cho the gian chua hem khieh,de mot yue men nhau luon.
Xua chua con o doi, Trai Tim Chua da thon thuc thuong dan khon cuc, xin Trai Tim Chua dong tinh thuong xot gio nay, day su ghen ghet doc ac; xin Chua thuong xot muon van nguon me othang buc tuc boi hoi, so cho con noi chinh chien.
Xin Chua thuong xot tramngan gia that mo coi chang con ai chu truong,xin Chua thuong xot ca2 the gian keo lam hai lo; xinchua soi long vung tuong cung kgap het nguoi doi dang ohuc tinh tu hau;.
Mau thanh Chua da do. Ra ruoi thien ha cho nen con mot nha;xin Chua giai thu ke nghich dang phan re cac dan cho moi nguoi yen nhan hoa hiep.
Xua thanh Pheri keu cung Chua rang :Lay Chua, xin cuuu chung toi cho khoi chet chim, thi Chua thuong dep an song bien, nay xin Chua nham loi chung toi cau nguyen mia tha toi nhon dan, cho ban the giai xon xao dang on binh tinh.
Chung toi cung lay Duc Me dong trinh rat thanh.
Me da cun cap chung toi ghe phen khon buc, xin Me cuu giup phu ho bau chua chung toi.Amen.(OD)
( What the meaning of ca ve cu sau ? please comment and tranlate the handwritten “Kinh cao cho mau an giac “-auth)
(b) The best of Nguyen Bao Tung Phillatelic ’s colection contains stamps from the Government led by the late President Ngo-Dinh-diem from 1955 to 1963 and he had the covers with Diem signed and official sealed stamped
11) November 1955
(1)The original vintage photo of the Vietnamese’s soldier party at the restaurant “Nghi Xuan”
The soldier with civil complete dress, and two flag there, Vietnam Cong Hoa ‘s yelow three green strip and the military AVRN flag ,s one bigger star.
“Buoi tiec dtai chien si Hoang Dieu tai nha hang Nghi Xuan “
( best flag thematic photo’s collec-tions, auth)
12) December 1955
(1) December ,9th.1955
The two original vintage black-white photos of a Vietnamese traveler’s group to an ancient building
“ Cuoc du lich o Nam-vian na De Thien De Thu trong 3 ngay 9-10-11 Decembre 1955.”
(Please someone translate, where Thien De Thu trong 3 ? auth)
(2) December,11th 1955
The Refugee on raff stamps were issued in this day , very rare in mint never hinged stamps. 30 and 100 piastres.(the used stamps were found in Indonesia, the mint not yet found, I have seen in HCM city-auth)
c.Diem’s Regime in1956
1) January 1956
(1)in 1955 and 1956,
(a) Thousand of Vietnamese “traitors” , French Sympathiser and “Landlord’ including many pheasant , were killed by the communist in the North.
The entire populations of Catholic villages fled from the North , and altogether nearly a million refugees headed south when the Nortth Vietnam established.
(b)Diem began crackdawn on Vietminh suspect s and other dissidents(D)
2) February –4)April 1956
Not yet info
5) May 1956
The very rare Ten Li Vi Phi Bang thue viet 5$ regional revenue with anxient Building, on Chung Thu Thay Giay Khai Sanh sertificate, square box black stamped LIEN –XA HOA-THAI.Lam tai Choi Duong Lien xa 10.5.1956.
The complete Khai Sinh form :
Quoc –Gia Viet-Nam Chung Thu Thay Giay
==ooo=== KHAI SINH
Lang Thun Doang Son va dtoi choi
Quan Yifoa Vang
Tinh Quan Nam
Ten ho dua con : Nguyen Nhan
Trai hay gai : Trai
Sinh cho na’e : Thon Duong Son Xa hoa chai quan Hoa Vang
Sinh ngay nao : Nam 1908 Ngay 16 thang 3
Vung moi Sau thong Ba Nan mot ngau Chin trai le Tam.
Ten Ho Cha : Nguyen Khue
Nha ciro o’ dau : thon duong Son xa Hoa theu quan Hoa vang
Ngep-ngep : lam Nong
Ten ho me : Dang thi Sifaul
Vo chanh hay thu: Vo Chanh
Ten ho nguoi khai: Nguyen Khue
May Toi : Sot tam Nuoi tuoi
Ngep-ngep : Lam Nong
Nha cua o’ dau : Thon Duong Son Xa hoa chai quan Hoa vang
Ten ho nguoi chung thu nhat : Nguyen quan(50t) Nam muoi toi
Tuo,ngep-ngep ,noi o’; thay thuoi Thoi LUONG soi,pa dtoi thai
Ten ho nguoi chung thu’ ba : Nguyen Dui Ngu(60 t) sau muoi tuoi
Tuoi,nge-nghiep ,noi o: Lam Nong thoi Duong Lon Xa Hoa thai
quan Hoi vong.
Lam tai Thoi Duong son xa ,ngay 10 thang 5 nam 1956.
NGU’OI KHAI Do’ng Hu’ong-Chinh Xa Hoa Thoi
Nguyen Khue squered stamped “ Thih-Quang Nam-
Quan –Hoa-vang-Hoi Dong Huong
Chinh –Lien Xa-HOA-THAI
Nhung nguoi Chung Nhan thiet chu ky cua Hoi-Dong Huong
Chinh Xa Hoa Thai
Hoa Vang ngay 11 thang 5 nam 1956
Signed and red circle stamped
(the very rare regional revenue from Lien Xa, where the location ? please comment-auth)
4) June 1956 no info
5) July 1956
(1)Diem refused to participate in the Vietnam elections scheduled for July 1956 under the Geneva Agrrement.
6) August 1956
(1) Nuoi Ngot 1956
The original vintage photo of the vietnamese lady in the beach of Nuoi Ngot.
(2) Long Hai 1956
The original vintage photo of the Vietnamese lady in the front of the traditional house at Long hai.
7) September 1956
(1) September,17th 1956
The Admission’s card of Franch –Vietnamese University at President TINH street Saigon.
14 Rue President Tinh PHOTO
M Do Thin Muoi
Est admis aux Cource de:
- Vietnamienen 1 degre A 30
- Francais A 66 Age……………………………………………….
- Anglais debut A 40 profession ……………………………
Saigon ,le 17-9 1956 Adresse………………………….
Le Directeur Le Titulaire
10) October 1956
Certificate De Garantie (SAUF CASSE), Object garanti :”une Monntie brachet pour homme De marque “Printania” i’t rubris” Duree de la garanti : denc ano rarf cassa , handsign and red stamped by “Le Directeur de la Maison BAQUAN
In the back , rare ephemera vintage handwatch Pronto automatic ,”Ban va Su’a” and Montresz-Stylos , BAQUAN, 97 Boulevard Charner tel.No 2.414 SAIGON (OD)
(2) In the South Vietnam, the locally printed vietnamese notes were issued, altough thei design and marks were different fron Northern area (The Central Government’s notes) and their signatures came from “The Chairman of the southern Part’s Resistance Commitee “(Vietnam Dan Chu Cong Hoa), who represented teh Minister of Finaces and the Director Of Southern Part’s Treasury acting as representaive for the Director General of National Treasury.
8) November 1956 no info
9) December 1956
(1) December 7th 1956
The rare earliest Regional taxes Saigon Cholon revenue, on Health certificate. Sign By the Chief beraue archive signe Guiges , and sign legalized 7-12-52 with red cross Bac-Si-Nguyen red stamped.
(Rare health record document with regional saigon cholon 10$00 yellow revenue, because this revenue from 1960 every years was overprint with year to 1975, and unoverprint on piece difficult to find, only three found another 29.4.1957 and 16.3.1959-auth)
4.3.2 DIEM REGIME WAR 1957-1963
a. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
a) IBID Stanley Karnow & Nguyen Ngoc Vy
The South vietnamese Communist ,the Vietcong, began organising in the countryside in 1957 , planning the assasination of Diem’s village headmen and official. But Ho Chi-minh was still holding back.
Diem’s authoritarian rule, his rustlessness and his corruption aroused opposition not only among peasants but among all those groups excluded from power and from a share in the loot.
The Vietcong assasinations soon made themselves felt, exciting deep unease throuhout the country.
Murder of government officials increase from 1200 in 1959 to 4000 a year by 1961.
Diem’s response was to drive the peasant into foryified hamlets, but this proved both ineffective and couter-productive , alienating the peasantry, who objected to being placed under military commanders and were any-way caught between Diem’s reprisals during the day and the Vietcong at night.
The US administration failed to appreciate that the Vietcong were not lackey of the communists in the North but were an expanding and powerfully organisd army of south Vietnam engaged in a guerrila civil war.
Clearly South Vietnam stability was deteriorating , though Diem was still in control of the cities and much of the countryside of South Vietnam.
That was most unwelcome to the Americans, since the communist regions of the country bordered on North and South Vietnam and so acted as a passage for suplies and men along the maze of Jungle trails as the Ho Chi-minh trail, by which it took two months to reach the South from the North.
This sparsely populated country of some 2,5 million bordered not only on North and south Vietnam , but also on China,Burma, Thailand and Cambodia, and so was a potential cockpit of struggle between more powerful neighbour.
SEATO , “the South –east Asian collec-tive defence treaty”, organised by Dulles in September 1954, onlike NATO had no standing Armies, nor had its signatories promised military support in each other. So,although it as extended to cover the defence of Cambodian and South Vietnam, it provided no guarantees of help and proved of limited value when the United States did appeal for Military assistance.
The Eisenhower administration also sent military advisers to South Vietnam and to Laos, yet the Laotian Royal Army never became an effective fighting force capable of dealing with the guerilla tactics of the Pathet Lao.
The influx of American and dollars, more, corrupted and undermined the South Vietnamese and the Laotians.
American advisers, in anycase , suffered from one disability they couldnot overcome : they were foreigners white oustsiders.
The Vietcong , for all the violence and disorders they bought to their fellow countrymen , were their own people.
An enormous amout of financial aid was poured into South-east Asia ; most of it went to the military or lined the pockets of corrupt officials.
What the pattern of military aid reveal are the priorities of the United States in South-east Asia from mid-1950s to the mid-1960s. By far the largest amount of aid as calculated per head of population was sent to Laos and south Vietnam during the decade from 1955 to 1963, about half that amount per head went to cambodia and the Phillipines.
Eisenhower was committing technical,financial and military ait to enable the anti-communist forces in South-east Asiato defend themselves against the communist. But he was opposed to using US military forces on the Asian mainland ( except in South Korea). The mighty US Seven Fleet with its nuclear weapons was close by. What if the nuclear threat did not deter the Vietminh, while supplies continued to reach them from China and the Soviet Union ? What if, despite US ait, the anti-communist groups were too weak to resist effectively? That dilemma Eisenhower bequethed to his successors,
In November 1960 the Democratic Senator from Massachusets J.F.Kennedy won the US preidential election.
Indochina lay at the heart of the “Unfinished bussiness” left over from the Eisenhower administration and the issued came to the boil within the fitst sixth months of 1961. A speech by Khrushchev on 6 January 1961, declaring that the Soviet Union would support waht he called “National liberation movement” in the under-developed countries (including South Vietnam-auth)
April 1961 was a critical month for the White House . Vietnam became the focus of crisis management.
Kennedy order a review of what military,political and economic action-overt and covert- it would be necessary for the United States to undertake to prevent the communist domination of South Vietnam.
There was wild talk by the military of air strikes against North Vietnam and Southern China.
Although Kennedy frequently showed a better sense of propotion than smoke of his advisers about the dangers of escalation following the despatch of US troops, he never departed from his policy of increasing the US Commitment as much as he judge necessary to defeat Viet cong.
First and fore most it was ignorance, a failure to understand the true nature of the conflict in Vietnam, reducing it to the simple formula that it was part of the worldwide struggle berween the free and the communist.
But it was not a war arising simply out of communist aggression from North Vietnam . The Vietcong were a south Vietnamese force, the expression of political opposition and disaffection with the ruler of South Vietnam.
It was this misreading of the situation that underlay the US decision to intervene on a massive scale,
The belief that superior technology, the bombardement from the air, coul break the will and capacity to fight of the North Vietnamese and the Viercong caused heavy loss of life and terrible destruction, but in the end was in effective.
Nor could the ground forces defeat ab enemy prepared to naswer escalation with escalation.
The military experts were wrong in their optimistic assements and once more President Johnson had engaged America prestige he found it impossible to pull out and to admit defeat.
But meanwhile that war had been Americanised abd, after Tet, the propping up of an unviable South Vietbamese gevrnment became increasingly problematical.
The US had been sucked into a civil war and faced a determined and rushless enemy. Attrition in the end broke the American will to continue fighting in a country thousands of miles away and for a cause that could not be won.
b).AIR WAR IN VIETNAM (Above and Beyond,vol.4,New Horizon Publizher Inc.Chicago,1968)
Airpower has been the critical element in US military operations in Vietnam.
Massive,unprecedented use of airpower has provided important advantages fro US troops that no conventional army ever enjoyed in a large-scale war against well-organized guerilla forces.
( This book have written before the fall of Saigon, that is way the writter and US armed forces still have the arogan to win because they don’t understand the Vietcong and vietminh people powers and in the Iraq war the used most modern aircraft and startegic attack especially the bunkers, read another book “The unique Iraq War’s docu-ment and postal history collection”-auth)
The main advantages of modern airpower are completely new levels of mobility and firepower, Helicopter, employed by hubdreds, have brought the new mobility to ground operations. Most US infantry in Vietnam move into position for its sweeps and assaults by helicopter, which is more than ten times faster than any ground trasportation, high speed move,ment of large forces gives US commandrs a much greater opportunity for suprissing the guerillas than was possible in the past.
More important, in the fact that moving primarly in the air, instead of by road,largely robs the guerrilla of the opportunity for ambush.
Aerial firepowe, unprecendented in the swiftness, had been turned against the Viet cong and the North Vietnamese(Vietminh-auth) army in South Vietnam.
Attack aircraft are spread throughot South Vietnam in such numbers that they usually can respond to any call for help in less than 15 minutes and very often within five minutes.
When the enemy does attempt an ambush of ground forces, or stage a suprise attack on a fortified village, strike fighters can almost immedietely bring tons of the heviest ordnavce down on the attackers.
The ability to respond quickly, and massively to any assault has been a key factor in stopping the capture of isolated settlements by guerillas, and in keeping small friendly units from being overrun by larger Vietcong forces.
Bombing by B-52 bombers, the most massive use of firepower in any guerillq war, has been a key US tactic because it deprives the Vietcong of its mountain and jungle sanctuaries.
Guerilla armies traditionally have operated from a sanctuary in rough country where safe from attack and could rest, train new troops, prepare their operations and treat their wounded.
The B-52 raids have knocked out many of the large tunnel complexes in mountains and junges which served as major Viet Cong and Vietminh bases.
Air supply also has been important in Vietnam. Daily movement of tons of food, ammunition, and fuel is needed to support helicopter-borne troops, and this supply movement is provided mostly by fixed-wing transports. These military air transports also provide what amounts to a scheduled airline service between the major towns of South Vietnams, carrying both and freight war’s
(including postal, that is way every Vietnam covers were Airmails-auth) .
The vital role of airpower is Vietnam is best illustrated by contrasting the US position in the late 1960’s with that of the french in the early 1950’s because the French army had mobility and firepower as same as the guerilla vietminh, they don’t use aircraft helicopters. (very rare airmail potally covers during Vietminh war 1952-1955 aut)
Most dramatic and important innovation of the Vietnamese war (Vietcong war-auth.) is the mass employment of helicopterss. For the US and South Vietnamese infantry , is often is called the “helicopter war”, for helicopters carry him into battle, provide part of his fire support, usually allmof his resuplly of ammunition and food, and then vacuare him in case he is wounded or when the operation is over.
More than ten years (situation in 1968 when the information had written-auth), were required to bring airmobile, helicopter-army from concept to reality.
A small group of Army Generals, of which Lt.Gen. Hamilton H.Howze was one of the most persistent, fought for the new idea and by 1956 brought about the formation of experimental helicopter (air-cavalary) units at Fort Benning, Georgia technology strongly to the aid of this new concept in form of the long-range, reliable turbine-powered helicopter which appeared in the early 1960’s
b. Diem regime war collections.
a.)Diem vs Vietcong in 1957
1) Jan 1957
(1)Soviet Union, favoring a permanent division of the country , proposes that North and South Vietnam be admitted to United nations as separate states .(D)
(2)The Vietcong (South Vietnamese communist) began to organized at countryside in this year.
The receipt of Car service station “ Nhanh do phu tung Ford-Cholon” 1800$00 and the earliest used the bigger Vietnam Cong-Hoa Con Niem revenue 3$00 and 0$60.
(The early republic of Vietnam -vietnam Cong Hua Con niem/revenue – was the histroric proof that the transition period between the Franch power to Nationalist power in South Vietnam had finish and thenationalist characters were begun –auth)
2) February 1957
The earliest used of Etat du Vietnam Quoc Gia Con Niem 40 cents, on the receipt of car station”Ford” saigon, paid 147$64, RATE REVENUE 40 CENT.
(1)March, 11th 1957
The original photo of vietnamese lady at Long Hai.
The rare Etat du Vietnam Quc-Gia Con Niem revenue 30 cents on the receipt of car statin”Ford” Saigon, paid 93$- ,revenue rate 0$20,
(Because the 20 cent revenue didn’t exist because too many used as the postal ‘s porto , prevent against the law, they used 30 cent. DUE TO THIS SITUATION, the fiscal authoritiest must issued the emergency overprint 0$20 revenue to prevent the people paid more than the law order, look at another collection with that emergency revenue. -auth)
4) April 1957
(1) April, 27 1957
The Vo Giay Ban Nha certificate, with Yellow Saigon Cholon Taxes Regional 10$00 revenue, the complete document :
(Chong) Toi ten la’ Do-van –Pho , so’ Kiem tra N.1706.A0053 cap tai Quan sau Ngay 13 thang 7 nam 1955.
(Vo) Toi ten la Nguyen le Nguyen-thi-kiem lan the kiem tra so 090069. 20 B .003751 cap tai quan Co Vap ngay 18 tahang 5 nam 1955,
Vu Chong toi ky ten duoi da’y , dong y’ ba’ng lo’ng
Ba’n cho o’ng Tran van-Rue, so keim tra 1703-31-A006414
Mocan nha so 509.8 duong truong Minh Giang noi dai cat tre dat chua cu Tay. Vo chong toi hien ngu tai so nha 183.A duong Yen-ro. Vo chong toi ky ten duoi day co nhan du so tien cua ong Tran-can-Ruo la’ 19.500$00 (MUOI CHIN NGAN TRAN DONG BAC) de’ ban mot can nha so’ 309.B. Hai ben vach xay gach va ngang la 3m/2 Be dai la 8 m thuoc ve quyen so huu cua ong Tran-van-ruo so tra du so tien mua can nha 309.B. cho chung toi roi. Khoi su ngay lam to giay nay. Tran –van-Ruo lam chu thiet tho gian nha noi tren, va pha tra tien dat, cho chu dat tuy theo ngieu 1 t can nha so 30 ma tu tro di khong con quyen so huu cua chang toi moi.
Hung toi bang long ban gian nha so 309.B. cho
Tran van Ruo nan san nay co ad lam ai tro ngai co o
Tran van Ruo thi chung toi xin chiu hoan toan trach nhie.
Lam tai saigon ngay 29 thang 4 nam 1957
Ong Do-van-pho Ba nguyen thi-kim
Ban nay lap thanh hai ban, ban chanh ong Tran-Ruo giu de lam bang, con ben phu thi ong Do-van-Pho va ba Nguyen-thi –kim-lan giu.
Thi nhen chu ky ten tren tuy ta cuc
O’ So Van Pho cap
Nguyen thi Kim Lan
Saigon nge 30 thang 4 nam 1957
Blue double circle stamped “ VIET-NAM CONG-HOA* DO THAN S.C. TRUONG QUAN-RA*”
(THE LATEST SAIGON-CHOLON TAX REGIONALES REVENUE-AUTH)
5) May 1957
The receipt from Rayon pieces Detachees (nganh do phu tung) ford Sai Gon ,Car repaired 1978$.
Very rare revenue “Vietnam overprint 0$20” with 3x 0$40 Vietnam Conghoa CON NIEM (THE EARLIEST USED),red ”PAYE” stamped
(a)The rare Etat du Viet-Nam Quc Gia Con Niem 2 piastres, on the receipt f car statin service “Ford” saigon for paid 994$00, with ravenue rate 2$00.
(The latest used the old franch currency piastres, and etat du Vietnam Quoc Gia very short time, and change to Vietnam Thue To and then Vieetnam Conghoa-auth)
(b) The Vuon-Gia-Can’s Pilot Identity card, signed at Saigon, in the back authetication violet double circle stamped “VIET-NAM CONG-HOA * DO-THANH S.C. QUAN-BA*”, on Yellow Saigon Cholon Taxes regional 10$00 revenue,the complete documen :
46,Legrand de la Liraye-DAKAO
Certifie l’Authenticitie CARTE D’IDENTITE
de la signature de le Directeur de L’Ecole VUONG- PHOTO
Monsieur VUONG-GIA-CAN GIA-CAN soussigne pertifie
Opposee ci-controle que le nomme Nguyen tu Sai
Saigon le 21.5.1957 No M1e 157 ne le 3 Aout 1940
Stamped a’ tan an Vinh Long
Tun Authentic Saigon-Cholon fils d M,Nguyen van Tri
TRUONG QUAN-BA et de Mme Nguyen ngoc Hoa
SIGNED & VIOLET domicile 30 Bui cheu Saigon
DOUBLE RING CIRCLE STAMPED est bien eleve du ditetablisment.
“Vietnam Cong Hoa*Do thanh Saigon, le 8-Mai 1957
S.C. TRUONG QUAN BA*” Le Directeur
Signed & Red double circle stamped
“ VUONG-GIA-CAN * TRUONG –HOC-
TU-THUO* 46 PHAN-THANH-GIAN.
( very rare Pilot ID with the bad official printed revenue, but because the situation still used .
Later in 1960 the design still used but change from S.C or Saigon-Cholon province to Do-Thanh Saigon ,the new province’s name after assasination Diem. Taxes regional ,Franch style was changed to the vietnamese with same meaning “Niem thue “ .
Due to the bad quality , on the revenue were surcharged with the year from 1960 -1975 ,except 1963 not yet found-auth)
Diem arrives in U.S. for ten day visit . President Eisenhower reaffirms support for his regime.(D) and Ngo Dinh Diem waves to New York lunchtime crowd as a parade in his honor proceeds up Broadway. Very few Americans could have then found Vietnam on a map (P)
The First Covers of Stamps” Tem Tho Cau Nguyen “stamps design native army with elephants, CDS Saigon June 7th 1957 found in Indonesia
(After Afro Asia conference in Bandung 1955, many South Vietnam stamps and first day covers send to Indonesia, auth)
The reciept from Saigon Rayon detachee Ford for car repaired 124$40 with revenue 2x Overprint 0$20 on Etat du Vietnam Quoc Gia revenue
(very rare strip two overprint revenue of Etat du Vietnam Quoc Gia ,the transition between Bodia to Ngo dien diem authority-auth)
The Reciept of Service station Vespa-Ford Saigon , 928$00 with added Bigger type Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem 3 x 0$60 ,rate 1$80
(The earliest Diem’s revenue of Vietnam Conghoa or the Republic of Vietnam in trhe South ex Cochin Chine -auth).
The rare combination revenue Vietnam Thue Con Niem 3$(without 00) with emergency overprint 0$20 Etat du Vietnam Quoc Gia Con Niem 80 cent.on the receipt of car Service station “Ford” saigon , paid 1561$00 added revenue 3$20.
(The Serial Reciept with revenue of the Car service station “Ford” Saigon with various type revenue, were the best collection for show –auth)
The reciept from Rayon Detachee Ford for repiared car, 2.075$20, revenue etat du vietnam Quoc-Gia overprint 0$20 and 5 x new type brown Viet-nam revenue 80 cent (rate 4$20) .(rare transition revenue, the vietnam revenue used very short times -auth).
7) July 1957
(1) July.16th 1957
The Reciept of Bo Thanh Saigon ,Ty Tai Chanh vung Saigon for 22$10 for Gia moi thuoc khoi,Tien muon thuy luong ke & Tien tu-bo dan nuoc ,thue truong Ba. With overprint 0$20 Etat du Vietnam Quoc-Gia revenue
(rare revenue, I have only three that kind revenue on complete docu-ment,best variation rate, this the best transition revenue during the earliest of liberation war-Diem era, I hope one day will put on show in USA and Saigon- auth)
The Receipt of Car service station Ford Saigon 2108$00 added Bigger type Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue 8 x 0$60(rate 4$80) ,
( rare eight revenue, strip of five and three revenue 0$60.-auth)
The Receipt of Car service Station Ford Saigon 538$00, added 3 x 0$40 (rate 1$20) bigger type Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue.
The rare combination common bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue 0$80 with rare emergency overprint 0$20 on Etat du Vietnam Quoc Gia con niem revenue 80 cent. On the receipt of car servive station for Saigon 470$00, rate revenue 1$00.-
(rare the Quoc Gia revenue 1$00 that time-auth)
The very rare combination emergency overprint 0$20 Quoc-Gia Etat du vietnam revenue with 3 x 0$80 Vietnam thue Con Niem revenue 80 cents (rate 2$60), on the receipt of car repaired station “ford” saigon ,for paid 1.220$20.
(unusual revenue rate and cmbination rare type revenue, best collection for show , the late used of vietnam Thue Con Niem sea-fauna type revenue -auth)
(6)July ,30th 1957
The receipt of car&motorbike service station Vespa&Ford Saigon , Ringlauer cable complete, 87$00, added very rare emergency revenue “ Overprint Etat du Vietnam Quoc-Gia con niem black 0$20 on 0$80 this time difficult to found revenue Etat du Vietnam Quc Gia 0$20”
8) August 1957
The receipt of Car Service of Ngahn du Phu tung Ford Saigon , 2981$00 added Revenue Bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue 3$00.
(The serial reciept with complete nominal value revenue in 1957 until 1959 will showed us the transition period including the emergencies overprint revenue were best collection to show look at that varition revenue-auth)
The rare combination between common bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa coniem revenue 0$40 with rare Vietnam Thue Con Niem revenue 2 Piastres , on the receipt or car servive statin “Ford” cholon, 1138$ , revenue rate 2$40.
(still used Piastres revenue-at transition period -auth)
The unusual nominal value of revenue only 2$ without 00 (the right must 2$00) Vietnam Thue Con Niem revenue on the reciept of car station service “Ford” saigon 1012$00, rate revenue 2$00.
(Unusual print without 00 after 2$, only 2$ , the right was 2$00, before another type 3 piastres -auth)
The Contant Receipt of Societe Indochinoise De Transport for car service SIT Saigon &SIT Phon Phenh “Bobine Lucas 12v-237706” 328$00 with bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue 0$80
(The Indochine old form still used-auth)
10) October 1957
Communist insurgent activity in South Vietnam begins in accordance with decision reched in Hanoi to organized thirty seven armed companies in Mekong delta.
During the year guerrillas assassinated more than four hundred minor South Vietnamese official.(D)
(2) , The South Vietnam Communist, The Vietcong , began organising in the countryside, planning the assasination on Diem ‘s village headmen and official,
(3) The photo of Diem in the front of Saigon Bishop and another officials, he sat at law chair (TT Diem tam Cao nguyen Trung phan 1957) (P)
b)Diem AVRN vs VIETCONG GUERILLA’S in 1958
1) January 1958
(1)Diem in 1958
Diem’s authoritarian rule, his ruthlesness and his corruption aroused opposition not only among pheasant bu among all those groups excluded from power and from a share .
2) February 1958
The receipt of Car service station Ford Saigon, 1667$00, added Bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue 3$00 + 0$60.(rate 3$60)
3) -4) 1958
5) May 1958
The receipt of Indochine electric company 61$20 with Vietnam Cong Hoa common bigger type 0$20. the form write in Franch langueges.
6) June 1958
(1)Vietcong form a coordinated command structure in eastren Mekong delta .
7) July 1958
The receipt of Car Service station Ford Saigon , 800$00 with Bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem revenue 2 x 0$80 (rate 1$20)
8) August 1958
The Military certificate, “ Quan-Doi Vietnam Cong Hoa” De Tam Quan-Khu. “CHUNG-CHI NANG-LUC CHUYEN-MON SO 1 Bo-Binh” (Quan/Military certificate/Chung Chi), the complete certificate with armed walfare illustrations. :
Hoi-Dong Giam Khao ky thi man khoa lai T.T.H.L/SDKC 14 ta ngay 23 thang 6 nam 1958 den 28 thang 6 nam 1958 .
Chung nhan Binh nat TRAN-VAN-KHIET so quan 400.052
Ta trung tuyen ky thi CHUNG-CHI NANG-LUC CHUYEN MON S 1/BO-BINH.
Voi diem trung binh chung 13,23/20 . thung hang 43/71 .
Chuyen mon : Bo-Binh
Lam Tai KBC 4.061, ngay 15-8-1958
Chan cu kao
Thieu-Ta Nguyen –Luong-Khuong
KBC 4.098 ngay 25/9/1958
Trung –Ta Bui-Huu-Nhon
Q Tu Linh-Do Tam Quan-khu
(the interesting for South Vietnam military document ‘s showed with the picture of green black military action around the certificate, sign at KBC 4061(?) and 4098(?) not list in IMNAHA KBC number please comment the complete area from KBC 4027 – Dalat National Military academy to KBC-4100 Thu Duc infantry school.
This was the trung tham certificate? Change thingking? Because only 12 days training,what kind of training and where the location -auth)
9) September 1958
(1) September.27th 1958
Tet Nhi Dong Saigon (Tet New Year Holiday) covers with the tet Stamps and special first day postal stamped In this day 20 years laters Vietcong suprise attack (PH)
10)-11) 1958 no info
12) December 1958
(1) by 1958 almost all the residual insurgent had been wiped out.(P)
c) Diem ARVN vs Vietcong in 1959
1) January 1959
(1) Murderer of Gouvernment official by Vietcong 1200 per years.(D)
(2)Since 1959, the best Vietnam phillatelic collector Nguyen Bao Tung was a member of South Vietnam’s council for planning new stamps design and secretary General of the Vietnamese-American Association Stamp Club in Vietnam
( please Mr Tung or his native Vietnam phillatelic ‘s friend help me with more comment and information-auth)
(3) The original vintage photo Vietnamese army (AVRN) wiyh his sister (4 womens) , in the back of photo written “ Ky niem Hoi con tic 1959 Bihuy.”
2) February 1959
(1)February ,18th 1959
The picture postcard of Nha Trang beach ‘Cha”ng ca’nh , Dai ta’nh” postally used (stamp off) CDS NHA TRA(NG) , 18.(2).1959 TO Cholon.
Nha Trang 14.2.59 cds Nha trang
Cordial souvenuer 18.2.1959
Nuedley vocine Nguyen Ba Luon
Pour l’annee Profeneur
Ky’ Hoi E’cole Francaise de
(2)February .6th 1959
The rare reciept of Police D’Abonnement Au Compteur, appreil instalattion than-chan ,Trinh , money 9114$63, with the rare highest nominal value bigger type green Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem(revenue) 10$00.
(This revenue document very find condition and very rare the Police ambonnement of Compteur, for high price installation nine thousand $ , and high nominal 10$00 revenue- the show piece collection-auth)
3) March 1959
(1) March,1st. 1959
BINH CHUNG RA-DA. Don Vi Anh Hung Luc Lu’o’ng. Vu Trang Nhan Dan (D)
(2) March,3rd 1959
The HOC CHI of Truong Trung Hoc Tu Thuc Cong-Hoa, 139 ,Duong Pasteur saigon. DE Tu Nhien Khoa 1958-1959.
Signed by Hieu Truong Phan van Van with rede doublke circle official stamped.,
Autheticated with regional Cholon-Saigon taxes regional 10$00 yellow revenue. By T.U.N. Do Truong Saigon,Truong Quan cuan Na with official stamped “ Vietnam Cong-Hua* D0-Thanh S.C. Truong Chan Ba.*”
(The lattest used of the regional revenue, after this regional revenue will ovrprinted with year from 1960 to 1975 except 1963, the best serial regional revenue and best for showed-auth)
(3) March 14th 1959
The stamps of Trung sister on Elephant were issued in this day, the 6 pi uncommon in mint no hings condition.
(The Vietnam hero’s Trung sister very popular but the Lady Trieu didn’t issued because the people hate Madame Ngu because she said that she was the reincarnation of Lady Trieu and she made the statue which broken out after the Diem regime fall, read the chapter I Ancient Vietnam War, -auth)
4) April 1959 no info
5) May 1959
(1) North Vietnam forms Group 559, to begin infiltrating cadres and weapons into Southy Vietnam via the Saigon Trail.(D)
6) no info
7) July 1959
(1) July 1959
Group 759 organized by Vietminh to suplies to the south by sea.(D)
The Dalat” Chuc Pongouh” water-fall vintage picture postcard send from Dalat in French char. In the back in franch:
Dalat le 12.7.50
Alur tres …ne nouvelle a vous
aunoncre, j’ai trouv …..juine (JUNE) fille pour vous et j.
..re, quu’elte vous flavia.Je vous la prisenter , Ju mon retour.Si Vous e les presse, regadez en attenolant la
photo qua Germaine Vous a envorjee.Je cois qu ‘slle yest de dana (Danang) .
#Bientiet et Bon counage. Signed
(Please somone translate this latter ,thanks,auth)
To Khai Gia Dinh ‘s Bo Thanh Saigon ‘s document from Canh Sat Cuoc Quan ,Khu 7
signed by Gia-truong dung Khai ,ky ten and Kien-thj , le canh sai truong with red double circle Sat quoc quan with bamboo / flora disign.(OD)
(4) July 24th 1959
Ban Xa-Hoi Quan Tan-Binh
AU-TRI-VIEN PHU-NHUAN B.N. 10$
Nha Lanh cua Bo Dinh thi Nam SO BAC LA : Mui dtong bac :
Giup vao Quy Au-Tri Vien phunun.
T.U.N BAN CHA’P HANH XA HOI
Chu Tieh signed Nguyen –Thi-Lieng
Red Stamped BAN XA-HOI Tinh Gia-dinh
(What the meaning : “Au-Tri-vien”? auth)
The red “The’ Cu’ Tri (election?) Card” in vietnamese language , 1.8.1959 :
THE’ CU’ – TRI
BAU CU’ QUO’C HO’I NAM 1959
No. 0634621 A/IX
Ho’ Te’n Nguyen Thi Thuan
Ngay sinh va sinh : 29 tuoi
Dia-chi 9 –B- Be’n Nguyen Duy
The’ co’n cuo’c so’ B .003.539 nga’y………ca’p toi…..
Cha ‘ ky’ cu’a Zua’n Ta’m ngay 1 Thang 8 na’m 1959
Nguo co the Chu’ ky’ va’ da’u cu’n
Nha chue’ tra’ch ca’p tha’i
CHU’ Y’ .Ai du”ng the’ cu-tri cu’a ngu’o’i khac’ hoa’c dua the’ cu’-tri cua
Minh cho ke’ kha’c du’ng de’u bi truy-tp’ theo hinh-tua’t.
9) no info
10) October 1959
(1)Notre Dam Basilica (Saigon)
This church up to the Basilica in 1959 during 300 years Saigon Bishop (D- in the front of Basilica no Marie Madona statue) and private photo of the Basilica (OP- i964, there were Madona-Marie statue, may be made after Diem assasination)
When my visit in 2007, in the front of this Basilica I saw the Madonna statue and I have prayed at the front of that statue : “Please help me to get the best vietnam war postal history” and when I turned to the right I saw the small native stamps shops where some Vietcong postal history were found-there, difficult to seek the stamps shop in saigon because everybody did.t understand where the antique or phillatelic shop, you must told them Buu chin shop, also the Stamp catalogues.
In my last visit july 2009, I have went by foot, walking from Phi Vu Hotel Nguyen Trai street , through the street in the front of the Hotel two block –to the right I came to the Back of the Market at front of Saigon Bus station, the to the right two block came to Ho Chi Minh City Museum where show the Vietnam War weapon, helicopter, jet and tank, granat,gun, archive ,photo and document of Vietnam Liberation war including Vietcong collections, but not the revenue and pstal history, also traditional wedding ceremony, and the Vietnam cultural ethnic collection and Saigon history, then turn to the right found Pasteur street(Duong),
More two block turn left I have seen the Basilica, seen inside , many brides have made the antique photo, a Chinese Oldman help me to take photo of myself , in the front Mary statue at the front of Basilica,
At left side of the basilica, I met The Antique Saigon post office where I made two CTO cover, one for my friend Adi Darma with the 2006 sheet stamps chinese shio, and for my collection Ho Chi Minh stamps block four, but very pity I cann’t find the Stamp shop anymore after asking many persons because I still have the name card, after that by bus I go to Saigon bus station and met my friend in the front of that bus station and her husband bring me to her house at Chilon by motorbike, where I found complete revenue , postal and document history’s collections to add what I have found yesterday -auth)
11) November 1959
(1) November,28th 1959
The official first day postcard of first anniversary Republic du Tchad ,first day CDS “Premier Emission”, and the picture of flag blue-white-red, very pity the stamp was taken off.
This unused postcard issue by “ Aevres sciales, office Equatorial des Postes et Telecommunication. (please told me what kind of stamps, vietnam or Franch stamps? –auth)
(2)Ecole Lamartine L.M.C. Billet D’Inscription Card.
Aunee Seolaire 1959-1960.
Nom : Vo Thi Thao
Classe: 10 eiue A
Venant de 11.
(1)Soon after consolidating its power in saigon, the diem regime embarked on a massive campaign to liquidate in South Vietnam.
Many were imprisoned in reeducation Camp “TRUONG TAM “ or Center to Change thought.
(IMNAHA report postally used cover from Truong Tam, look at July,10th 1967-auth)
(3) December,12th 1959
The traffic accident of two car NCC 578 and NBO 096 report with the road map of accident’s situation, for repaired.
(If someone will translate the document, the complete document will showed in the blog, very rare accident that time because not many cars in Saigon-auth)
d) Diem’s ARVN vs Vietcong GUERILLA’S in 1960
The turbine-powered helicopters appeared , and the US and South Vietnam infantry called the “ Helicopter war “.
The two turbine-powered helicopters which emerge as the backbone of the new airmobile Division were the Bell HU-1 “Huey” and the larger Vertol CH-47 “Chinook”, without such aircraft the airmobile concept could not been implemen-ted.(D)
(2) Eighteenth prominet South Vietnamese petition Diem to reform his government.(D)
2) February 1960
The Vietnam Cong Hoa Ho-Tich Tric-Luc B Khai Sanh , Bo thanh Saigon be thieu II 832 certificat , with Regional Saigon Cholon revenue overprint red 1960, yellow revenue 10$ + green revenue 5$ .
(The earliest year of overprint regional Bothan saigon revenue in 1960 and the latest 1975 during the fall of Saigon, the overprint on two type regional Bothan Saigon revenue 10$00 revenue yellow bad design and green 5$00 fine native building design revenue , what is the meaning of Tri Luc Bo Khai San, I have the complete sertificate from 1960 until 1975 except 1963 with regional Bo Than Saigon revenue, very best collection to showed, please comment about the 1963 the worst & Diem’s assasination year-auth)
(1)April 2nd 1960
The U’U-Dai Card (what the meaning ? please someone tranlate-auth)
(a)the Front of U’U –Dai card
THE U’U-DAI CARD,
XIN GIU NAY DEN NAM TAM CUNG MOT S XE.
DUOC MIEN PHI RUA XE, BOM MO
VA XIT DAU MOT LAN
(b) The Back of U’U Dai card.
195 DAI-LONG TRI-PHUONG CHOLON
So xe : NSF 338
Eua,Bom Mo.Xit Dau -2 AVR 1960
Nhot May : Mo Bi Loi L AF
Nhot Hop Soo :Sx Go
Nhot Bong Sau: Sx Go
5)-8) no info
9) September 1960
(1) September,5th 1960
Long Dong congress opens in Hanoi, stresses need to combat Diem regime. (D)
10) October 1960
Station Service facture NCC no 518 marque(merk) Peugeot , 120$ with common type bigger Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem(revenue) 0$40.
11) November 1960
(1) November,8th 1960
J.F.Kenney defeat Richard Nixon for the prisidency.
(2) November,11th 1960
South Vietnamese army unit un-successfully attempt to overthrew Diem.(D)
12) December 1960
(1) December,20th. 1960
(a)Hanoi leaders from National Liberation Front for South Vietnam , which Saigon regime dubs the “Vietcong” meaning communist Vietnam. The movement was formed on directives from Hanoi(D)
(b) Nguyen Huu Tho, head of the National Liberation front, as the Vietcong was officially called.(P)
e).Diem vs Vietcong Guerilla in 1961
1) January 1961
(1) Murderer of Gouverment official by Vietcong 4000 per year.(D)
(2) The communist regions of the country border on North and South Vietnam so actees as a passage for supplien and men on the maze of jungle trails known as the Ho Chi-minh trails.
(3) January,6th. 1961
Khruschev declaring that the Soviet Union would support what he called “National Liberation Movement”
2) February 1962
The reciept of car repaired station service Tan-Sn-Nhui Saigon 270$ with Vietnam Conghoa Con Niem (revenue) 0$40 .
3) March 1962 no info
(1) April,29th. 1961
(a)US troops deployment to South Vietnam were discussed within Kennedy administration.
(b) Common President Ngu Dienh Diem second issued stamp. The uncommon mint 9 pi stamp,
(I found this stamps , used off cover, in Indonesia-aut)
5) May 1961
(1)Alerts went out to American bases, a modest 100 –men increase in the nearly 700-strong American advisory mission in South Vietnam was approved.
Aproval for the despatch of a further 400 special Forces troops was goven. Extra military resources were provided, enabling the Vienamese army to be expanded from 150.000 to 170.000 troops. Finnaly US Troops were stationed in Thailand. (D)
(2) Vice-president Johnson chatting with Ngo Dinh Diem in Saigon . Johnson, whom Kennedy had sent on an ambassadorial world tour, exuberantly praised Diem as the “Winston Churchill of asia” which reassured Diem of American support(P)
(3) Autumn 1961
General Taylor had recommended to the President the despatch of 8000 US combat soldiers becuase in a memorandum the Joint Chief of Staff had estimated that 40.000 US troops would clean up thew Vietcong threat, that if the North Vietnamese and Chinese intervened another 128.000.
(4) A second Geneva Conference to “neutralise”Laos.
6) June 1961
(1)President Diem at Presidential palace on 7th anniversary as President
The reciept of electricity in Franc char .”Compagne Des Eaux Et D’ Electricite De L’Indochine” 67$20, with rare small type Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem (revenue) 0$20. signed at Saigon 4 juin 1961 by P.P. De La C’Des Eaux et D’Electricite De L’Indochine.
(very rare 1$00 small type Vietnam Conghoa Coniem revenue used at 7th Diem’s presidential day anniversary ,please comment if someone have another nominal, look at the differents size at the photo illustration-auth)
The certificate of Ho – Tich “Trich-Luc Bo Khaisanh” with regional Saigon Cholon revenue ,yellow 10$ ,red overprint 1961.
7)-10) no info
11) November 1961
(1) November,11th 1961
The receipt of S.A.R Kaswa than chettiaa 23 dung 104 toat tich , propitaire Saigon , from Huyenh Xien 51$ with Vietnam Cong Hoa CON NIEM (REVENUE) , 0$20, F OR PAYING 36 M2 ve khoan tra tien muon dat o duang (Huose’s LAND TAX?) month 10 1962.
(I have the same receipt from 1-7-1961 , every month t 1-12-1962-auth)
(2) November.21th 1961
The reciept of contractor Loan”TUE-NGHIA-DUONG SAIGON –CHOLON” the form with vietnamese and chinese char, from (nhan cua) Pho-Vu,cholon street (duong) Phai Tu so 42, maney
2216$ , Con Niem (revenue) type Vietnam Cong hoa Con Niem 5$+ 1$ (rate 6$) with red chinese char stamped.
f)Diem AVRN vs Vietcong in 1962
1) January 1962 no info
2) February 1962.
(1) February ,6th 1962
American Military Assistance Command (AMAC) and CORDS (Civil Operations and Revolutionary Development Support) formed in South Vietnam
(IMNAHA report the postal history of AMAC and CORDS team , look at Andrew Crasshow blog.-auth)
The Hoc Sinh(Born/birth ) card, for 1961/1962, with yellow Saigon Cholon regional revenue 10$ overprint red 1962 sign by Hieu truong Nguyen Van Phu with Official Vietnam Conghoa quan truong quan nha sign & red stamped authentication, (may be this was the first The Hoc Sinh Card, or she forgotten to made in 1961-auth)
(3) February,27th. 1962
(a)Two South Vietnamese pilots bomb Diem’s palace but Diem and his family survive. Diem and family miraculously escape injury, but Madame Nhu(Diem brother,s wife) slightly hurt.(D)
(b)Sometime laters, madame Nhu inspect the bomb palace (P)
3) March 1962
(1)March .10th 1962
Find condition , Rare Saigon vietnam Dien Tin (Telegramme) cds Saigon-T.U.V.T Vietnam 10.6.1962
From Xuanloc to Le-thi-phuoc 52 Nguy enphi Khanh Saigon. “TRINH BIEN TRONG (work in ?) 24 GIAO , HIEN TRUONG”
(The rare and only one telegram found during vietnam war in 1962-auth)
(2) March,20th. 1962
Postally used cover with Vietnam Buu Chin Cong Hua’s Unesco comemmoration stamps 3×1 Dong (rate 3 Dong) send from Saigon (round CDS) to Kinh goi ong Le-Van-Hai, Giao-Vien Lop Nhut”B” Truong Nam Tieu-Hoc Long-Xuyen.An-Giang (rare destination PH)
The Facture Reparatins ‘s receipt of Saigon Xe hoi Cong-Ty 34vBoulevard Thong-Nhut Saigon. From Mr Giang Thi Naoh money 636$77, with two type revenue Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem small size 1$00 and bigger size 0$40.(This the rare earliest small size VCH Con niem type revenue-auth )
4) April 1962 no info
5) May 1962
(1)Vietcong formed battalion-size units in central Vietnam.(D)
6) June 1962
(1) June, 19th. 1962
The VERY RARE ,Vietnam Telegram “Dien Tin” send from Saigon Telegram date stamped SAIGON. T.U.V.T-VIETNAM 10.6.1962.
: : :
: DIE’N TIN : VIET-NAM CONG-HOA :
: TELEGRAMME : REPUBLIQUEB DU VIETNAM :
: ____________________________________ ______________ :
: : GUI BI : GOC O : : B U U – D I E N :
: 2 ______________________ : POSTES ET TELECOMMUNICATIONS :
: : SAIGON :XUANLOC :
:______________________________________ : Le –Thi-Chuoc 52 :
: :Nguyen Phi Khanh Saigon:
: Trinh Zie’n trong 24 gio’ =
: Hie’n Truo’ng : :________________________________________________ :
Chinh-phu’ kho’ng chiu trach-nhie’m va’ vie’c do’i tin tuc cua tu- han bang dien-tin
L’etat n’est 0 du chine resposabilite a’ raison de la correspondance par la voie telegraphique
(2) Mid 1962
Amerivan advisers increase from 700 to 12.000.
The best South Vietnam capture the Vietcong ‘s photography in 1962
(a)Vietcong capture by South Vietnam army (ARVN) were put at prison camp ‘s Kham Duc compound (Photo)
(b) South Vietnamese Infantry warly moving past hut they set ablaze after they found it held communist literature (photo)
(c)ARVN soldiers loading their Vietcong prisoners on small canoe-like boats in Mekong delta.
(d)AVRN soldiers wading into canal to put equiptment in boats to lure Vietcong guerillas from nearby flooded paddies (Photo)
(3) June.1st 1962
The reciept money BP$1479$00, with Vietnam Conghoa ConNiem revenue 3$00, for paying in French “Mille quatre cent si xante dix nuef piastres” from mr Ba Huyn Xiem by LXXX VIETNAM CONG HOA QUAN TRUONG , ve khoan tra tien muon dat dung nguyen che nghia hem lo s n(TF 183) 36 m2, thay mat nguoi chu dat saigon 1-6-1962 handsign. ( I also have the same receipt for 51$ not use france char anymore , date 1-12-1962, with same type revenue 0$20-auth)
7) July 1962 no info
8) August 1962
(1) August.6th 1962
The Chung Chi , duong Cong-quyns 132-133 Saigon “Marconi’s school’s certificate, chung ban ong(Mr) Nguyen –ngoc-Siem, sanb (born0 1-8-1934 tai Hien Thanh,Tan-an, da then boc lop Ke-tan tai bon truong, tie ngay 1.2-1962 den ngay 1.8.62 . sign Saigon 6.8.1962, Hieu Truong Nguyen Van Giau. Autentication with overprint red 1962 on yellow Saigon cholon regional revenue 10$. Sign and red stamped Vietnam Cong Hoa official “bamboo design.
9) September 1962 no info
10) October 1962
(1) October,1st 1962
The same “THE HOC –SINH” Card of Miss Do Thi Muoi tai(born) My Tho 2.3.1937, address 23 Ng Thung Chan Saigon above (16.2.1962) WITH Cholon Saigon regional revenue overprint red 1962, BUT DIFFERENT LEAGALIZED : KT.QUAN –TRUONG QUAN NHI WITH VIOLET STAMPED.and hoc lap de IV nien kha 1962 /1963 (informatif document about the change of goverment official and new card for 1962/1963 -auth)
11) November 1962
(1) November ,1st.1962
The prestamped “ Brisbane Qld Aust. 4-PM 1 NOV 1962 POSTED PILLAR BOX, and rolling dated stamped PERTH. INV. ,AU 10 GAME NOV 1962 hand written Acc (Sencored ?) on document’s envelope, send to Lam Huu Sia,36 So That Diem Saigon , S.Viet-Nam.
(rare cover from Brisbane Australia via PERTH (sencored?) to So Thanh Diem street Saigon South Vietnam –very interesting Diem street, what is the name that street now ? a historic information of Diem topicalcollection-aut)
12) December 1962
(1) December.1st 1962
The receipt of S.A.R KASWATHAN-CHETTIM, MONEY bp $ 51, WITH VIETNAM CONG HOA CON NIEM REVENUE 0$20, ve khan tra tien muon dat a duong N.C. Nghia ham la So 5 (36m2 Land ta)
f). The crisis escalation 1963
(Monk burn himself , Student protest and Diem assasination )
1) January 1963
(1)Vietcong units defeat South Vietnamese at the battle of Ap Bac .(D)
2) February no info
3) March 1963
(1) March, 6th.1963
The very rare Do Than Saigon THE’ CU’-TRI (election?) card with stamped red squared box D.V.16 – cross and D.V. 19. signed by Cap tai Saigon , print 16.9.1964 , change with red ink written 6.3.1963. signe by Quan-Truang Quan 8 , Cao Ming Chung with red double circle official stamped of TOA KAHN CHAN QUAN THAY-VIETNAM CONG HUA D0-THAN SAIGON.
( Why the date of the’ cu’ Tri change from 1964 to 1963, may be the worst situation in 1963 and what the meaning of Stamped D.V. 16 and 19. may be military areal code,please comment-auth)
VIET NAM CONG HOA
DO THENH SAIGON
THE CU – TRI : D.V. 19 :
Ho te’n LAM VAN HUE’
Ngay va noi sinh 1928 Cho Lon
Nai cu-tri 9 B Nguyen deuy R 11 ky 14
The’ ca’n cua’c so” 050977 cap tai quan ngai 1960
Chu ky cua cu-tri Cap tai Saigon ngay 6 thanh 3 nam 1963
Quan-Truong Quo’n 8
CHAU MINH CHUNG
Chu Y” : 1. The nay duoc cap hoan Toan mien phi
2. Xin gia the de Quan Trong cac quoc
Bau cu khac.
3.Ai dung cu tri cua nguot khac hooc
Dua the cu-tri cua minh cho ngua khac
Cung co bi truy to theobhinh tuoi.
4) no info
5) May 1963
South Vietnamese troops and police shoot at Buddhist demonstrators in Hue. (D)
6) June 1963
(1)Crisis intensifies as Buddhist monk commits suicide by self –immolation.
A Budihst monk burns himself to death in Saigon in this day ,as a protest against the South Vietnamese governnment ‘s mistreatment of Budhist.
This suicide , the first of several by Budhist militans as Tri Quang, after that a Buddhists Monk displayed pheno-menal skill in Mobilizationn south Vietnam ‘s Buddhist to protest against the Diem regime.
He and other monks stage a sit down strike on a street in Saigon , then sparked widespread demonstrations against the Govern-ment. Two kind of photo’s angle self immolations, first form the left side and second from the right , also the photo of Tri Quang sitdown strike (D & P)
7) July 1963
(1) July,4th. 1963
CIA agent, informs from South Vietnam General Tran Van Don, officers are plotting against Diem.(D)
(2) July,7th 1963
The Vietnamese Emblem and armor defend stamps issued in this day.
(3) August 1963
(1) Vietnam Special force cordon off the Saigon Market because of student demonstration (P)
(2)Dean of the school of Science and Paedagogy at the center trying to calm student holding a protest demonstration against the repressive measures of the Diem government (photo)
(3)Students at the School of Sciences and Paedagogy holding a protest demonstration against the Diem goverment(photo)
(4) Tam Pham Bieu , Dean of the school of Medicine at the University of Saigon, speaking to Students after his arrest by the Diem Government.(photo)
(5) Military Governor of Saigon-Cholon (Gia Dinh) province holding a press conference at the city hall to defend the Diem government’s position during the period of martial law two. Look at the Governor’s photo (D&P)
(6) Anti-Diem goverment demonstration by the student at the University of Saigon School of Sciences and Paedagogy(P)
(7) Demonstration by high school students against Diem Goverment at the Saigon city street (Truong vo Truong Toan, canh ben Truong Trung Vuong, gan so Thu Saigon-P)
(8)August 9th 1963
(a)US secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara visit Saigon , look the photo , he sat behind ARVN Brig.General Do Cao Tri (photo)
(b)General Maxwell D.Taylor also visit South Vietnam and he had made a tour of Inspection with ARVN General Van Minh Duoang, look at his photo when gave military salute (photo)
(c)The photo of the South Vietnam presidential family , their put the native traditional gown , at left Diem (P)
(d) Madame Dinh Nhu Ngo , ex first lady during Diem regime, waving from the stairs of an airoplane to went abroad before His husband and her brother in law Ngo Dinh Diem assasination.(photo)
(e) During the period of martial law, Military Governor Ge. Ton That Dinh and General Nguyen van La holding a confrence to defend the Diem Goverment’s position, look at their Photo (D&P)
(f) In this day, Phu Lam SG Budhist monk arrested by Diem regime, being held in guarded compound at Phu Lam (Photo)
(g) The Photo of Rome Italy- Arch-bishop Ngo Dinh Thuc , was taken in this day (P)
(h)The photo of official meeting in Saigon this day, ARVN General Nguyen Dinh Thuan defend the Diem position to the US Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge jr and US secretary of defense Robert S. McNamara.(P)
(i) Unidentificated Dean of the School of Sciences and paedagogy attempting to persuaden the security Police of The Diem government no to arrest the student demonstrator (P), but The Student still being taken away in trucks by them(P)
(3) August,21th 1963
Ngo Dinh Nu’s forces attack Buddhist temples.(D)
(4) August,22th 1963
Washington recommends tha Nhu be removed; also suggest American support for mutinous generals against Diem.(D)
9) September 1963
(1) September,2nd 1963
Kennedy criticized Diem in a television interview.(D)
(2) Pres.Ngo Dinh Diem’s brother Ngho Ding Nhu and his younger son with his wife went to europe by aeroplane (Photo at airport)
(3) Us Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge yunior meeting with President of southnVietnam Ngo Dinh Diem (P)
And he talking with Mr Ngo Dinh Nhu at a diplomatic reception (P), he also talking with acting Foreign Minister Truong Cong Cuu at a diplomatic reception.
(4) Us Ambassador H.C.Lodge Jr shaking hands with US Army services on the Saigon city street(P) and he with his wife leaving St Christopher’s Anglican Episcopal congregation Church after services on Sunday.(P)
(5) The formation of the 11th Air Assault Division. After the one year prepared concept tested in two month s of continous maneuver against the 82nd Airborne Division.
The outcome was strongly vin favor of the helicopter-borne forces and the 82nd was defeated as sound-ly as any division ever was its peace-time maneuvers.(D)
(6) President Diem talking with a delegation of Budhist monks from the Union Committee for the Defense of Pure Buddhism at Gia Long.(P)
(7) Nhu holding press confrence (P)
(8) Police participating in a Diem government sponsored demonstration (P)
(9) Police holding back a crows at the An Quang Pagoda as the Buddhist monk are taken away again by the Diem government(P)
(10) Police hauling away high school student who were demon-strating against the Diem goverment (P)
(11)Pictures of the Buddhist monks who burned themselves to death prior to the anti-Diem Government revolution in the xa-Loi pagoda (P)
(12) Dean of the School of Medicine at the University of Saigon being welcomed back by medical student after his arrest by the Diem government (P)
(13) Combat Policemen going to student demonstration (P)
(14) Buddhist monk tidying up the vestry rooms in the Xa Loi pagoda at its official reopening by permission of the Diem government(P)
(15) September,13th 1963
The photo at Belgrade,Yugoslavia, where Kennedy,s meet Mrs Nhu, accompanied by Senator Edward(P)
And Senator Edward M.kennedy tals with Mrs Nhu(P)
10) October 1963
(1)October ,10th 1963
Infantrymen move toward the woodline after being airlifted to a landing zone in Xa Ba Phuic during a search and destroy mission (P)
(2)October 1963, 16.000 US troops sent more to South Vietnam . The Geneva agreement were dead, as the US responded military to increasing Vietcong activity.(D)
(3) October,21th 1963
Mrs Nhu in Whasington DC ( Ba Ngo Dinh Nhu trong buei hop bao tai Washington DC, Hoa Ky)
11) November 1963
(1)November 1st 1963
(a)A photo of Vietcong army(?) in this day, Cac binh si tham gia cuoc dao chanh (please someone translate to find more information-auth)
(b)The Photo of Dinh Gia Long (office) , noi TT Ngo Dinh Diem va ong (overthrew ?)
(c)in this day, at The photo we saw the wrecked Presidential Palaced, gutted & ransacked after military coup that overthrew Diem Goverment(P)
(d) Mayor General Van Don Tran with other officers and troops celebreting overthrown in this day(P)
(e) General Van Minh Duong leader of military coup that overthrew Diem regime , in this day made a press conference (P)
(f) The photo of Monks meeting with Military coup after overthrew Diem Regime (P)
(g) In this day , Vietnamese dancing again at night club (after forbidden during the Diem regime ) aftrer overthrew of Diem Regime (P)
(2) November,2nd. 1963
( The Diem and Nhu assasination’s day)
(a)Arrest and Assassination of Diem and Nhu.(source:Wikipedia)
Marked the culmination of a successful CIA-backed coup d’etat led by General Duong Van Minh in november 1963.
On the morning , November,2nd 1963 , Diem and his adviser, young brother Ngo Dinh Nhu, were arrested after the Army of The Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) had been successful in bloody overnight siege on Gia Long Palace in Saigon.
The coup was the culmination of nine years of autocratic and nepotistic family rule in South Vietnam Dis-comfort with the Diem regime had been simmering below the surface, and exploded with mass Buddhist protest against long standing religious dicrimination after the government shooting of protesters who defed a ban on the flying of the Budhist flag.
When rebel forces entered the palace, the Ngo brothers were not present, as they escaped the night to the loyalist shelter in Cholon.
The brothers had kept in communication with the rebels through a direct link from the shelter to the palace, and misled them into believing that they were still in the palace.
The Ngo brothers agreed to surrender and were promised safe exile, after being arrest, they were instead executed in the back of an armoured personnel carrier by ARVN officers on the journy back to military headquaters at Son Nhut Air Base.
While no formal inquiry was conducted, the responbility for the death of the Ngo brothers in the trip. Minh’s bodygueard, Captain Nguyen van Nhung, and on Major Duong Hieu Ngia, both of whom guarded the brothers during the trip.
Minh’s army colleagues and US official in Saigon agreed that Minh ordered the executions.
They postulated various motives, including that the brothers embar-rassed Minh by fleeing the Prseidential Palace, and that the brothers were killed to prevent a later political came back.
The general initially attempted to cover up the execution by suggesting that the brothers had committed suicide, but this was contradicted when photos of the Ngo’bloofied bodies surfaced in the media.
(b) The street of Saigon were littered when opponent of Diem broke into the office of a newspaper sympathetic to the Government Diem’s overthrow was greeted with jubilation by the Saigon populace which had hated his harsh rule(P)
(c) In the morning of this day, a mutinous South Vietnamese soldier inside the presidential palace , after Diem and Nhu had fled to a hiding place on the Saigon suburbs (P)
(d) The bodies of Diem and Nhu in the back of an armored personnel carrier, in which they were murdered by two insurgent officer after their captutre on this day. They had surrendered, hoping to be permitted to leave the country (P)
(e) The book’s illustration of the bodies of Diem and Nhu in the back of an armored personnel courier , in which they were mudered by two insurgent officers after their capture on November 2 1963 ,They had surrendered hoping to be permitted to leave the country (ibid S.Karnow)
(f)Nguyen Bao Tung best phillatelic collections aslo contain the stamps of the Founder of the Republic of Vietnam who was assasinated after The military coup on November.1st 1963., the collections bore the signatures of the president Diem and official seals
( very rare collections with original signature and official seals because no one keep the Diem official cover after he was assasinations, please comment –auth)
(a)Three weeks after Diem’s death J.F.Kannedy assasination in Dallas, succeeded by Lyndon Johnson.
The death of Kennedy and Diem led to a new phase in the American involvement in Vietnam (D)
(b)Henry Cabot Lodge, American ambassador to Saigon, with President Diem. Lodge had little patience for Diem, whom he felt was hindering the American effort on help South Vietnam fight the Vietcong (P)
(c) An American adviser, leads South Vietnamese troops into action in thge Mekong delta in 1963. America adviser then in Vietnam were suppos-ed to avoid combat, but many parti-cipated in battle neverless(P
(1) December,15th 1963
The Thanh-Minh-Tu, AP PHU HAI, XA PHANRI-CUA “THIEP MOI” invitation(?) letter from Phu-Hot to Kinh Goi Ong Bu “ Quan-Truong Quan(Military) Hoa –Da
“Trong 9 nam chien tranh tan khuc.Tan-Minh-Tu Phu-Hai pai bj canh tieu tan sup do, mai den nay m duoc co-duyen xay dung hoan thanh, do cung nhoi au giup do cua Chinh-quyen, nho su giup do cua cac nha hao tam ung-ho va duc tin tuong manh liet cua toan dan trong Ap, gop lan cua moi lap nen.
Le Khan thanh se cu hanh trong 3 ngay 12,13, va 14 thang 11 quy –Mao tuc ngay 27,28,29,29-12-1963 the chuong trinh vach dinh ben canh.
Tron trong kinh moi
T.M. Ban To-chuc
(Please native Vietnamese collectors will helping me to translate this very rare document and also the below document , because the information from this document very useable for postal history colecter and Vietnamese historian-auth)
The very rare official letter send by Cuorier from Ngoc Bang Saigon double red circle stamped on Covers sending by Courier to Ong Ba,Trung Uy’ Quan Trung. He oa-Da.
Inside Doan Ca-Kich Ngoc Bang Saigon,Chiep Moi Card used for writting the latter :
Doan cua chung toi rui qua din dia phung nay theit bai luon 3 hon’i khy dhuong xoay tu’.
Itiui guo nay ca 50 doan vien Chua Co buoi au son nai.
King thi vi hoan caung dien diug cua gauf ceuy dau hiem 3 ngay ray Rly ngoi dan duoa.
Vay: Vo choy toi nho eum dui thua vio auh nho anth tieui.
Pheuing hui gi’up do doang ti guing say duo ngay Tet.
Hoay Rinz. (PH)
(Please native Vietnam to help me for translate this interesting informations from this letter, why this cover din’t send by Postal , may be no postal services by the worst situation , if someone have the postal histori covers in 1963 please comment and sho us that rare collection-auth)
(2)The meeting between General AVRN Van Minh Duong with American Ambassador Henry Cabot Jr and Robet McNamara,(P),
4.3.3. AVRN War in 1964-1967
a. AVRN vs Vietcong war 1964
General Nguyen Khan seizes power in Saigon , arrest four ruling generals but allow Minh to remain as figure head chief of State.(D)
(2) In the year after 1963 , Nguyen van Thieu steadily in importance he became the deputy premier and minister of defense.
Not yet info
3) March 1964
(1)US Secretary of Defense, Robert McNamara visit Vietnam , vow support for Khanh.(D)
(2) March,20th 1964
The chinese written postally cover from Saigon-Vietnam 20.3.1964 to Saigon-Cholon Viet-Nam 21.3.1964, with 1d justice emblem and 2d Unesco stamps (rate 3 d) .
( Cholon was the chinese overseas area over the Mekong river in Saigon where I found this posta history , the address in chinese traslate means…….. :……………..auth)
4) April and 5) May 1964 noinfo
6) June 1964
(1)June , 2nd . 1964
Pantagon Strategist refine plans for bombing North Vietnam.
(2)Johnson anticipate a large scale US effort:
(a)The Tonkin Resolution was simply intended to give him the discretion to punish the North Vietnamese, but it was noneless regarded as essential to bring stability to an independent
(b) Non-communist South-Vietnam in order to counter Khruschev’s claim to have the right to support “ war of National Liberation”(D)
7)July 1964, no info
8) August 1964
(1)Vietnam was still seen by the public as no more than a miror problem : The Us would need only to flex her muscles for the communists to back down.(D)
(2)Covert South Vietnamese Maritime operations begin against North Vietnam.(D)
(3) North Vietnamese patrol boats attack the MADDOX , an US destroyer in Tongkin Gulf, August 2(D).
(4) A doubtful second incident report two days later(D)
(5) US aircraft bomb North Vietnam for the first time in this month.(D)
(6) August, 21st , 1964
The rare postal history of US’s Kennedy prestamped 11c airmail letter sheet send from native vietnamese at California CDS “SAN LUIS OBISPRO 1934004, Aug 21 1967” to South Vietnam CDS “Saigon-Vietnam 26-8 1967”
The handwitten latter in vietnamese language:
Cal Poly-San Luis Obispro Chu nhat 20.8.1967
Lan qua khong dube bien y ma Hong, anh ut truong La Hong da quan anh, khong con nho gi dten thang anh xa xoi may nua the roi dong hu do anh nhen duoc the Hong vo nhat la khan quan co do think tay Hong sung tai, va anh thay minh co loi doi nghi oan cho hong, hong chonanh xia nha. Tu nay anh khong dan nghi tam bay tam ba nhu vay noi dan nhung anh anh hong ung dung bo be anh nuy , moi lan duoi thu van biet chat itoi gia ma viet cho anh doi dong de goi la chanh qua soy am tam long doi coi nay. Anh thang thue cau du truong ve qua tang ma hong, anh vat sung luong va cam doi thay tu nua lanh de anh quang khan cua hong.
Mau ve kiem day lain anh thich thu nhat day, hop y ve dung la nhy diem anh nhuoc tu lan. Honh khan that, anh ky biet noi sao cho bet sui biet an cua voi hong duoc, anh nung khong biet hong nuon gi e anh co gi anh ve tang hong theu y hong, thu san hong biet nho, hong muon gi anh nung chra y ca muon la……..etc….
Hong lua nay ra Sao! Anh rat nay tu Hong, anh khy quan duoc nhy ky vien va thy luong ve Hay chue Hong voi ve, manh an duong man.
( This collection very interesting, because not many communication between Vietnamese who study in California to his friend (Girl?) and writting information and comment about his own country, we will understood about the vietnam information in US –please someone wil kind to translate-auth)
9) September 1964
The South Vietnam first day covers-Premier Jour D’Emmision of Bai Bien (Plaque De) “Ha Tien” stamps, firstday special stamped Tem Tho “Ba Bien Ha Tien.Saigon , Ngay Bau-Rien 7-9-64. (PH)
10) October 1964
Vietcong attack Bienhoa air base, but Johnson rejects proposal for retaliatory raids against North Vietnam .(D)
11) November 1964
(1)Lyndon Johnson defeats Barry Goldwater for the presidency ,November 3(D).
(2) Saigon convulsed by Rioters protest Khanh’s rule and Taylor now ambassador , urges Khanh to leave the country.(D)
(1) December,24th. 1964
Vietcong terrorist bomb American military billet in Saigon, but Johnson again rejects proposal for raids against North Vietnam.(D)
(2) December.20th 1964
Bien Lai Khai Sanh- Bo Thanh saigon certificate-without photo(?) ,sign and stamped by Quan-Truong ,vietnam Cong Hoa NAM –PHAN, for Tian boi Phan ,tai quan 4 Saigon durong (street) 9 Le Chach, con (Children) cua :Tian hoc Diec,va cua Ly tu Ky (father & Mother?)
b)AVRN vs Vietcong in1965
2) February 1965
(1) February,4th. 1965
Johnson’s national security adviser, Mc Geo Jr and George Bundy, arrives in Saigon, as Soveit Prime Minister Alaksei Kosygin arrives in Hanoi (D)
(2) February,7th 1965
Vietcong stage attacks against American installations and this time Johnson authorizes Flaming Dart,US
air raids against North Viet-nam.(D)
(3) February,12th 1965
Postally used Airmail covers from Danang to Saigon, rate 3 Dong, Rolling type CDS Danang 12.2.1965 and in the back CDS Saigon 12.2.1965
Inside the letter handwritten :
Minh don thu Bi’ch vao nhung ngay dau ma in’am moi, vao nhung.ngay mia minh thay can phai co i c’an gi thay doi; thay doi ca noi tam lan ngoai guan.
Bi’cha, thu thach ta’ den voi minh nhung a lan trong nam Nguoi minh gia tay hoan toan nhu kho he’o.tuy nhien nhua dong von con tu cho minh tiep tuc cuoc toi.
Cuoc toi nay kerong biet co ban tay Dinh menh nhung vao kgong, mrrang dau co hay khong-kerong thanh van te-ma vanb te chines van loi ngudi voi thuch tai thuc tai la i traong tay tau kso.
Toai tong y’ voi Bich y’ nghi bignam yen the tuc nay. Oi! Ly tuong la I con vat kerong ca chan, no chi quet tren mat tat nay i vet loang ten negam.
That na chung ta chi ta nhang nong cu cho toi nay. Dieu to khong ,conghia ta cai tines kien na minh te bai ten the te’ noi khong tim ra tuoc I loi thoat, boi vi dau nuon dau khong con ngun voi cuoc toi rang buoc nhan mot c’ach ro rang.chines khong Kerong co y noi rang “ Minh voi Bich tuy 2 ma I” nhung su thuc van Kerong che dau tuoi tien do …….etc…………..
Cuortha,vi ta noi va toan vong, ninh muon duic Bich va toan gia mot nan vui tuai va may man.
Voi nhung loi bao quat tren tay, minh chi nhun Biich lap lai nhien lan nhunh cau cuoi la nhung loi chuc thang that nhat.
Thans that duc Bich vui tien. (PH&D)
(This letter send one month before the US Marine land to defend Danang.auth)
Operation Rolling Thunder , sustained American bombing of North Vietnam , begins in this day with South Vietnam as airbase(D)
Two Marine battalions land to defend Danang airfield, the marine wer the first American combat troop to defended airbased in Vietnam.(D) and The photo of Marine Land-ing(P)
Postally used airmail cover from Danang one day after US Marine landing to defend Danang airfield, CDS Danang 9.3.1965 with stamps 3 Dong(rate) and CDS Saigon 11.3.1965 (two days), inside the love letter(?) from N.H.Taoi to P.N.Bich :
Danang 9/3 65
Duoc thu Bich(name) qiua luo minh tang Sua Soan mioi thi ni Minh nong Bich thong cam cho su tra ti tre nay m athu loi nse.
Deng luc tinh than minh dang cang thang vi nhung noi uat han nam aqua,tang luc minh tang chan nan su bhoc ten cuc to, tha Bich ten minh la mot niem an yui dang men Minh van biet, von nguh cu neu Sau moi that bay ma khong bay ra nhung Su rhon keo te wem tiem nsung nguyen do nao da tua ten thrit bon cug thi soau nay kso na co the vuot lengiai toan.
Tuy wien tung vi the ma tem ion tonguh minh tem i nonien buj amij nsu nerong nguti xung quant minh mia nsu vay moi lay i su kso ai suot toi Du biet vay, minh van psai nsin theng vao thuc tai, i thuc tai pru-psang, ban ha minh tay ngubi nay the nay, no nguoi kia the kra hose’ nhin minh voi, i tain trang the nao? –dtac biet nhung bau chi than minh.
Co 8 tam trang nha minh, Bich moi tay mot Su mia mai ngho-ngei. Do chi la I van dte tam ly.
Buy nhien , nhi la noi the, chu minh van vui song lam Bich a. Nghi nha Bich, tui minh hi con vai chuc nam mia la ta dta psai dtoi husug cuoc dtoi Bi gi minh phsai vi I ksiu quang be bnho ay dte huy hoai moc toi. Do (Heart picture) Bich thay minh khong phai vi mang mai cam tu ti dtang tren the qian nay, vat lon voi moc tong kan voi the choi con nguoi ben kia landtat.
Dao nay thi minh Sua Soan ha thi roi, tuy du nhus song nam mia khong con, nhung minh voi co gang mia I nguoi lun, Bich cu tiu la ban Bich se kerong dtun thot vong cho Bich in khong ? 3 thang lo ngay Sau se ytra loi.
Minh va Cau khong ctuoc tin yi o’bhayen ca’ Minh se ctanh that cau chuc Bich ung Gai quyen van Su nhuy ,Hen thu Sau. Bhao thanh cong. Toai (PH &OD)
4) April 1965
(1) 25.000 young and better educated social groups were Marched to the Whitehouse demostrations against the Vietnam War.
(2) April,8th 1965
North Vietnamese Prime Minister Pham Van Dong rejects Johnson’s proposal, says ettlementt must be based on vietcong program (D)
Pham van Dong vintage Photo, found in the Ho Chi Minh photo collection as a given during Afro Asia Confrence in Bandung Indonesia,1955.(OP)
5) May 1965
(1) May,15th 1965
Ho Chi Minh handwritten about the Vietnam nationalist war ( found in Hanoi-auth)
6) June 1965
(1) June,11th 1965
Air Vice Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky takes over as prime minister of military regime in Saigon (D) and the photo of Cao Ky (P)
(2) June , 26th.1965
American command in Saigon reports that Vietcong have put five South Vietnamese combat regiments and nine battalions out of action in recent month (D) and the photo Vietcong combats (P)
(3)Near the mountain peak called Don Den , twenty kilometers northwes t of the Danang Air base, the Cade River serpentined its down from the green mountains on its way to the South China sea. It curved abruptly east across the flat bottom of a narrow, elbow-shaped valley the Ameican called Elephant Valley from an action that occured there one ninght in this day.
Infantrymen from the Third Marine Regiment were act up on the lower jungle-covered ridges of Dong Den when, incredibly enough, they heard through the darkness what they thought to be the trumpeting of elephants. They radioed in for artillery illumination rounds to bring the Valley out of shadows.Sure enough, it was elephant.
A string of eight of eight of them with their drivers was wending its way across the flat rice land. The elephants were loaded with heavy cannon and ammunition for the Vietcong.Atillery made short work of the pachyderm convoy. The action went down in Marine lore as the Battle of Elephant Valley.
Since it was a natural gateway from the North tp the South, the valley constanly swarmed with hamburgers on resupply and replacement missions.(D)
7) July 1965
Johnson reappoints Lodge ambassador to South Vietnam, to replace Taylor and eighteen combat battalion now in the country.(D)
(2)Mid Winter 1965
The marines became the first U.S. Forces in Vietnam to establised authentic snipper schools, snippers classes were only three days long .
Two men armed with bolt-action rifles slipped silently into jungle hide dep inside Vietcong territory , they settled down to wait. Any unnecessary movement might disclose their position. They spoke only in an occa-sional whisper.They did not smoke. Some times they waited as long as ten to rweleve hours like that in order to release a single accurate shot at an elusive enemy.
They had adopted a weapon borrowed from the VC, who had in turn borrowed it from the japanese and others from as far as men had gynpowder and realized the advantage of killing from hiding at a distance- the rifle that cracks from nowhere to bring sudden death.
Vietnam , with its lack of combat lines, its fluid battlefield, and an enemy that often operated singly or in asmall sniper warfare, evenmore so than the trenches of world war I or the more conventional setpiece action of World war II.
US forces had a numbrer of crack riflemen, they possessed frew trained snipers at the beginning of the Vietnam involvement. The Vietcong soldier considered himself relatively safe at range 600 yards or more.
There were instances of VC walking in plain sight at distances of 700 to 1000 yards while they directed mortar fire on American Positions. In the jungles and hemlets of the countryside, communist felt free to move about at will, confident they could spot U.S. patrols first and either avoid them or lure them into ambushes for vtheir own marksmen.
So desperate was the need for qualifiued US sippers to counteract the enemy in the new kind of war .Although rarely publicized, the exploits of American Vietnam snipers have become a permanent part of the history of the war.
Word of their feats spread quickly in-country , As : “Thrirty-three guerillas filtered onto a road that went past a sprawling vietnamese cementery.
They were operating in their own backyard. This was”Charlie Land’ “Mr Charles” controlled it so throughly that he could afford to relax. None of the guerrillas showed concerned as they sloppily formed up to march up the road to a village where they would replenish their food supplies.
Suddenly , the point man grabbed his chest as a bullet from a hidden rifleman sent him sprawling to the ground.
The crack of the rifle eight hundred yards away was barely discernible. Hidden in tall knife grass, the US Marine who fired the shot quickly jacked a fresh round into the still-smoking chamber of his Einchester Model 70. Off to his right, his teammate drop a second VC.
Within the next few minutes the pair of sharpshooting Marine snipers killed eleven Viet Cong and wounded six more as they rained lead into the panicked guerrilla ranks. Entire battalion operations and week-long sweeps rarely accounted for that many enemy causalties.(D)
BINH CHUNG TEN LUA, Dion Vi Anh Hung. Luc Lu’o’ng Vu Trang Nhan Dan(D)
(4) July,28th. 1965
Johnson approves Westmoreland’s request for forty-four additional combat battalions (D) and the photo of combat battalion(P)
(5)After concencus was reached by Johnson’s adviser that the Viet-cong could defeated and the North Vietnam were forced to a negotiated when know that they willn’t win the war.
The momentos dicisioned to plan a war in Whitehouse, after extensive discussion between Johnson and his close advisers their were no recognation that South Vietnamese were fighting among themselves and that North Vietnam were also Vietnamese.
8) August 1965
(1)The experimental divison was redisgnated the 1st Air cavalry Division (air mobile) , incorporated into the active Army sructure, and sent to South Vietnam.
(2) Combat operations generally have confirmed the effectivesess of the air-cavalary units. One of the major operation questions,the vulnerability of helicopters to ground fire, it is reported that only 48 helicopter were lost in the first four years, which in cluded a period nearly three years when only a few helicopters were in the country in support of Vietnam forces.
(3)Some 700 Air Force, Navy , and Marine Fighters aircraft were available for close support work in South Vietnam during this year 1965
(4)An excellent communications network was set up so that vietually any village or any military which comes attack by Viet Cong may immediately issue and emergency call into the Tactical Air Control Center (TACC) in Saigon which keeps an up-to-date situation report on th elocation and readiness of every attack air craft in the South of Vietnam. In 1965 , approximately 20 percent of the fighter strikes were response to emergency less than 15 minutes.
(5)The necessary close control has been maintained by a team of Forward Air Control (FAC) who fly low and slower over every target and mark it with smoke before it is bombed. About 150 FAC air planes, primarily Cesna O-1’s .
(6)A diverse Group of aircraft are employed for ground attack.The most numerous type is the fast Jet Fighters which can responds quickly to emergencies, it included : The North American F-100, Northrop F-5, MacDonnel F-4, Douglas A-4, Grumman A-6, Martin B-57,and vought F-8,(D)
(7)Troop airlifted into Tuy Hoa to protect rice fields (P) and Swift helicopter “YN2” evacuation of wounded soldiers has saved many lives (P)
(8) The air attacks which reaced significant proportion in thei year have been unsuccesful , because they did not bring the surrender of The North Vietnamese and the Vietcong.(D)
9) September 1965
(1) September,1st .1965-
free airmail service was started.(PH)
Free airmail service went into effect in this day for all military personal letters, letter size tape recording and postcard in their generally accepted from are entitle to free transit.
Letter send under this free mail policy will be handle as US air mail.Your full military address to include name,rank, and service number must appear on the envelope.
The word free in th upper right hand corner must be in Your handwritting. It cannot be typed or mechanically marked .
Mail may be sent free to the foreign countries. Letter so mailed cannot be registered.They may be sent special delivery if an additional special delivery cxharge is paid. (info from IMNAHA).
(The Vietnamese Quan Buu Military Post also have free air mail with military without nominal value stamp or pre-stamp letter sheet, must write the HQ & KBC number, but if sent to civillian must added special rate of stamp-auth)
10) October 1965
(1) October,3rd. 1965
The reciept of buying Toshiba 4 band radio 5400 dong with Hiem(revenue) 11 Dong ( 5x d dong yellow and one Dong red revenue) , from Le-Cong Radio 398,Dai-lo Dong –Khanh Cholon.
The back of this document, used to write “Giay Ban)
Zen toi la Bui Tram Phu to zuai so c/co/7858vcapngay 6.7.60 tai quan ngu tai so Nha 242/4 ben nguyen duy X-c co loan i cou may thou thanh hien Toshiba 4 ban Transior so;6,672 cho ba am thi cai cam cho thi la 5200,00 dong neu san co ai can cho thi toi xin chui toi voi nho chuc chach.
Mai ky ren yoi day ,B.T.Phu.(sign) Cholon 30.10.65.(OPH&D)
(2) American forces defeated North Vietnam units at the La Drang valley
(11) November 1965
The AVRN postal history cover , send from KBC 4858 (AVRN 7th Infantry divisond 2nd regiment 1st Batalion with military stamp without NOMINAL value (Quan Buu ) type M1 ,but the military stamp not cancelled and rare KBC red doble circle stamped ” G.D .M.A.G.V.N. KBC 4.858 THU –TIN-VINH” to Cholon CDS “CHOLON-VIETNAM 9-11-1968. In the back rolling Saigon Vietnam cds but the date not clear.
(rare AVRN postal history, why send thruogh regular post office , not military post that is why without “Quan Buu” stamped and the Military stamp didn’t cancelled,,KBC 4858 didn.t know the location, what the meaning of GDMSAGVN and Thu Thin-vinh? may be after tsomeone ranslate the letter inside we will no the history fact-auth)
The letter inside in vietnamese language :
Tu ra truong dten non t thang em chang co dip rao dten than hai bac cung cac chi . That loi vo cung em nghi Hai Bac va cac chi Tuyen.
Xhan mot hom ve phep nghe thoa bao co noy chi cho em Kinh Loi tham noi manh. Chac dto nay noi cung chang biet mot dtua chai re ra lam sao. Em dtung la dtua chau vo la phai khong chi.
Em cung cau nuong hai bai va cao chi dteu manh. Chi Bay. Chi Tam va anh Sau dto nay vao Dai Hoe ce weng anh sau chec saj ra truong co phai.
Em thi het hoc dtuoc roi Hanh Quan luon Manh tu tai I le Loi biet bao gi o’ co’dtoi Nhiem luc buon ghe.
Nghe noi anh tu vai quan dtoi Vay anh tu co’ dtuoc nay o’ Saigon khong chi. Mong anh dtuoc nhien may hon em.
Mot lan nua nho chi chuyen than noi hai bac, chi Hai vo cao chi
(12) December 1965
Johnson suspends bombing of North Vietnam in an attempt to induce the North Vietnam to negotiate.(D)
Nguyen van Thieu was appointed chief of state late in 1965 by Nguyen Kao Ky, who became premier when the South Vietnamese generals decided to form their own government following the weak civillian regime of Dr Phan Quat .
c) AVRN vs Vietcong in 1966
(1) Backbone of Airlift is a group of less than 250 four engine Lockheed C-130 transport and twin engine Fairchild C-130’s. These are supplemented by a smaller number od de Haviland VC-2 Caribou which were transferred from the Air Force in this year.(D)
The receipt of Bien-Lai Tien(future purchase?) Muon Pho-Cholon (chinese area Saigon) 991$10 , tien thue pho 900$ and tien thue 1.2% ,tue cong ve rac 81& With revenue Vietnam Cong Hoa Con Niem 2$00.
(The earliest VCH-Con Niem revenue collection for future purchase added for credit interest and country?,please comment–auth)
(3) January,31th. 1966
Johnson resumes Bombing.
2) February 1966
(1) February,8th. 1966
Johnson and South Vietnam leaders issue a communique, in Honolulu , emphazing need for pacification in Soutrh Vietnam(D)
3) March 1966
Buddhist demonstrators against Saigon regime in Hue and Danang(D)
4) April 1966 no info
(1) May,23th 1966
Government troops take over Danang (D) .
A Complete document “Giao Keo” Saigon Thuy cuc with South Vietnam green 30 Dong revenue with red double circle Saigon Thuy Duc stamped date 14.6.1966 and Stamps 2 dong with Postal Circulair Date stamped Saigon-cholon 15.10.1966, rare combination never report before (OD&PH)
(2) June,16th. 1966
Government troops take over Hue(D)
(3) June,29th. 1966
American aircraft bomb oil depots near Hanoi and Haiphong (D)
7)-8) no info
9) September 1966
(1) France President calls American withdrawal from vietnam during his visiting Cambodia.(D)
(2) September,25th 1966
(a)FREE POSTALLY USED COVER FROM MILITARY ACADEMY/ARMED FORCE TRANING SCHOOL NATHRANG KBC 4311 red airmail COVER from Hop TD-894 (?, please comment-auth ) TO So 1/TR 16/lg 4 Nho caiu trao cho me (?) Saigon. And the vintage photo of Nha Trang HQ 505 LST (landing ship Transport )-Phillipine navy , on the back of photo hand written “ Ky niem ngay uo ki he 56 Doa Nu trah quoc gia Su Phan Nha Trang”
Nhatrang military cover Hop TD 894 KBC 4311with Quan Buu M1(Military Post) Stamp without nominal with not clear CDS of Nha Trang , not clear red double circle official Stamped to Saigon .
(The earliest postally used Military stamps type M1 during the Vietnam liberation War ,rare postal history-auth)
Inside the covers the letter :
Nha Trang 26/9.66
Kinh anh !
Den hom nay mia la con 12 ngay se mau khoa.
Em thu cho anh hay. “Heart picture” Ngoai Hue, neu anh thi ten nha t hang thinh (ban em) choi thang ay choi dep lam.
Anh dten do choi va co the nho nha no nan com hoai lai dto a nha khoi muon nha.
No co thu cho em. Anh co gap no bao no lai em co loi hoi ho tham no .
Thu anh vai hang, xin tam but Chine anh vui may mau.
Em via Dah.
TB. Dia chauc thinh, Lunchi thinh 82 Chi Long Hue.(OD&PH)
(b) Civil postally used cover with Thw Thao The Duc olympic 1 d and flower 3d stamps (rate 4d) send from Qui Nhon to Saigon, CDS Quinon-vietnam (not clear) 15.9.1966. The letter inside:
Qui Nhon 22.9.1966
Moi nam gio sang anh da thuec day roi. Thoi guen anh tap dtuoc trong nhung ngay o’ Saigon. Giaa phut nay thuc en hay un ngu trong chau an? Troi Saigon dta lanh tro em ? han em dtang no nhung giao modtep.
Em oi! Em mo thy gi? Anh, Nghi rang ting yeu cua chung ta chua dtu dte? Anh nghi? Rang tinh yeu cua chung ta chua dtu dte dti vao nhung gioi ngu than tum ma em tinh yeu cua anh chua dtu manh di chiem tran vin long un? Chung co lo tu hem anh roi ra dten Zui nhon dten nay, anh dta goi dten em toi da thu thu tu,trong khi dto anh chi ? nhon cua em co mat. Mat la thu trang gan thang ! Anh truong thu chuoc dtuoc tinh trang dto. Tinh yeu dtang dtot chay long anh, em but chung ? Anh nho em Kinh phung guea Khung canh vang ve cua in ro trong tins anh. Anh khao khat duoc gap em,dtuoc nhin tan mat em cuoi va nhat la anh muon hon em.
Em yeu mui ,anh lai nho dten truoc phi mot troi dti vao chan nui,………………..etc……………………………………………
(very long latter, if someone will tranlate I will put all letter in the blog, many “Anh” what the meaning ?-auth)
Hay viet tha cho anh den nhe ! Vieyt that nhieu vao ! Bao nhien l oi em Viet anh cam thay van Chua dtu. Sap dten gio anh phai dte rua mat dte xuong van phong. Ban ngay anh ban lo cho hoc ninh dten bu dtau , Theo sau so noi nhien hon.
Hon Em !
(3) September,29th 1966
The vietnamese letter from Phu Nhuan Thu nan :
Phu Nhuan Thu Nam ngay 29.9.66
Anh ve Saigon nhi phepgiao hi 12.9.66
Vi han mot tuyen, nam moi viet Pho Hong duoi.
Da loi khay nhem duoi thi ji cua Hong ca ? ca le doi Hong da co 1 lei gi doi thang….Du sao di nua, Hong vuong nen cho anh biet vien co.
Thai Hong da nhen duin the ma anh canh dau may thang ?
Hong ha hoi mien gap cho anh yoy Ichi nhan duoi thu nay de anh yen lan.
Ve Saigon buon nhien va mat ly do phai nan Li that nghiep chua biet lan hay hoc nen thong di dai la toi anh tua.
Hong va manh vi vau di lau nha thung Le lho anh gie than ha vo ca gia guyen.
Doi Thi? 369 Truong Lai Bien 369
Phu nhuan saigon.
(10) October 1966
(1)American and South Vietnamese leaders conclude conference in Manila. American troops strength in Vietnam reaches nearly 400.000 by year-end(D)
(2) October ,7th.1966
The Vietnamese letter used official sheet :
Viet-Nam Cong Hoa
Bo Noi Thu 7-10-66
Em moi lan doc thu A H thay an han vo coy voidto! An han vi H ma chan thu di phai nhien phai tranh hon troy dtoi A A cu tranh h hua Ha , hon phan them nhan h im nhan loi tat ca loi lam noi guan troy lam vi H o biet lam vui loy A ma o biet chup them nhien son lai dty len di soi hy dtui dta cho them truong Anh biet vi sao o vi H soisy dthuy dti gua rui ong thien tra ma H …..etc………(very long and bad written latter, what the meaning of “Biet” –auth)
11) November 1966
(1)Each of South Vietnam’s provices and districts, there would be an Intelligence and operations coordination center (PIOCC or DIOCC) where captured enemy documents would be read, prisoners interrogated , and dossiers maintained on all suspected members of the Vietcong infrastucture (VCI) .
Once adossier became large or convincing enough, the individual would be targeted for arrest by the Vietnamese Police, the military, or one of the provincial reconnais unit (PRU).
Phung Hoang had its origin in November 1966 when the Vietnam Stasion, MACV J-2, and the Vietnamese National Police cooperated to form a combined intelligence staff called CT-4. Its mission was to identification and neutralization of the Vietcong infrastructure in MR-4, which at thzattime corresponded roughlyto Gia Dinh Province plus the Saigon-Cholon metropolitan area.
d)1967-the second years of Vietnam Liberation’s war.
North Vietnamese Foreign Minister Nguyen Duy Trinh says Unites States must stop bombing North Vietnam before talks begin.(D)
2) no info
3) March 1967
(1) March,1st. 1967
The best summin high-up of the war in Vietnam was written by Corelli Barnet in PUNCH , “ The Americans have yet to be persuaded that they cannot win their Vietnam conflict on the battle-field”(D)
(2) March,21st 1967
Johnson ends two-day meeting on Guam with Thieu and Ky, North Vietnam reveal exchange of letters betweenJohnson and Ho Chi Minh.
4) April 1967
(1) April,3rd. 1967
Nhiem Vu Rat Nang Ne Va Het Suc Ve Hang. Boi doi Truong Son du’o’c Quoc hoi va Chinh phu tuyen du’o’ng . Don vi anh luc Luong vu trang nhan dan (D)
(1) May,1st 1967
(a) Ellsworth Bunker arrives Saigon to replace Ldge as ambassador.(D)
(b) In this day issued a psecial first day cover with a soldier with gun and people repaired the wheel of Tank, 1-5-1967 , the stamp about the soldier and civillian stamps, “DOI SONG DAN CHUNG, La Vie Du Peuple Au Vietnam , Premier Jour d’emission , First Day cover”
(this cover found at Cholon Saigon-auth)
(2) May,7th 1967
The Original handsigned of the book ‘s writter , George M.T.Kahin ,on the inner page of his book’s “The United States in Vietnam” with his hand written For Nugroho(in memoriam Indonesian Military Historian) with best wishes May,7th,1967 .Djakarta (old type,since 1971 Jakarta-auth)
6) June 1976
(1) June,10th. 1967
Rare official Vu quoc Hien , Luat Su Toa Thruoang Tham Nathrang ( pri-soned Camp ?) covers to Cholon. With Stamps 3 dong + 1 dong (rate4 dong) CDS Nha Trang 10.7.1976.
Inside the official Vu Quoc Hien letter.
Phuc dap quy tho ngay 2/7/67 Toi tran trong bao tin ong ro , viec chua ong Toa da goi ra de hoa giai (theo thu tuc) vao ngay 21-7-67.
Ngay do toibs thay mat Ong de di hau Toa.
(Please someone tranlate this important information, because rare official latter from South Vietnam still exist now due to many refugees from this area and all the document were burned before they put in the Truong Tam “Change of Thought” camp after the fall of Saigon in 1975-auth)
(1) Unused Bankbiljet (Check) of Vietnam COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRY BANK in 196… branch SAIGON
(rare bank Chaque during liberation war, and the location at Ham Nghi street, he was very short time ‘s emperor and vietnam hero, his coins very rare,where that street now?-auth)
CHI PHIEU so A 09718 VN$………….
VIET-NAM CONG-THUONG NGAN HANG
BANQUE COMMERCIALE ET INDUSTRILLE DU VIETNAM
HOI HAC DANH VON 50.000.000 VN$
TRU-SO : 93-95 ,DAI –LO HAM-NGHI SAIGON
Nhan chi-phieu nay,xin tra………………………………
So bac viet toan chu (somme en toutes lettres)
PAYES CONTRE DE CHEQUE
Do tinh cua ………………………………………………………………………….
A L’ORDE DE
____DUOC TRA’ TAI________________ . ……,ngay……..196….
: PAYABLE A :
: VIET-NAM CONG-THUONG-HANG:
: S A I G O N :
COMPTE NG MINH TUYEN -32 819
(2) July, 22th,1967
The postal used official cover of Thieng Noi Hy-Vong Hop Tha 453 Saigon AN LOAT PHAM , rolling type cds SAIGON-VIETNAM 22-7 1967 with Stamps soldier and a worker hands with his “scop” ,rate 0d80
(interesting low rate for official cover 0d80, no destination because the cover’s type with clear window address,and the letter not included-please comment why and what the meaning of An Loat Pham and Thieng Noi Hy-Vong Hop Tha-auth)
8) August 1967
(1) August,21st 1967
The US airogram pre stamped John F.Kennedy 11 c Air mail USA, send from Hien,230 Fremont hall, Cal Poly San Luis 223 , California 93401-USA, rolling CDS SAN LUIS OBIS PO Aug 21 1967, to Ho Thi Tuyet Hong 16/18/3 Nguyen Thien Thuat Saigon South Vietnam and destination CDS SAIGON VIET-NAM 26-8. 1967 , the letter in viet-namese:
Cal. Poly-San Luis Obispa Chi nhat 20.8.1967
Lan qua khong duse tin gi ma Hong, anh ui tuong la Hong da quen anh,khong con nha gi dten thang anh xa xoi nay mue the roi dong lue doi anh nhem diuse thy Hong va nhat minh ra loi da nghi con Hong, Hong cho anh xin nha, tu nay anh khong doi nghi tam bay tam ba nhi nay nua , moi lan dua thi nen bouh chid thoi gio ma viet cho anh doi dong de gui la chind qua am tam long don coi nay.
Anh thang cau de tiue ve qua tang ma Honh, anh quang khan mia Hong mau va kien dan lan anh thieh thu nhat day, hop y ve dung la nhy dien anh nhuoc tai lan. Hong khan that,anh khy biet ni Sao cho het su biet in cua voi Hong duoc, anh nung khong biet Hong nuon gi anh lo gi ang se tang Hong thei y Hong , thu San Ha biet nha ,Hong nuon gi anh nung chuei y ca nuoc la……etc……..
Anh thi da gei ngu cua, co viet then, nha cho anh giu loi lin tham Hong lue nay ra sao ? anh rat nung tin Hong, anh khy quan duoc nhy ky mien va thy luong ve Hay Chiu Honh vin ve manh an mey man.
9) September 1967
(1) Just prior October 1967
Just prior the South’s Vietnam October 1967 election, Hien and Chau supposedly met again. Chau, visiblyconcerned about his future, allergedly said he had decided to leave the military to run for the National Assembly from Kien Hoa province.
In that delicate exchange of nuaces for which the Vietnamese and their language are famous, Hien understood Chau to be asking for help, both in money and in votes from Vietcong cadres.
There was not enough time, Hien said, to get Chau money, but he did report Chau’s desire for help in getting out the vote. Hien claimed he did not know what in anything, his superiors had done about it, but he added slyly it wsas interesting that Chau had won his National Assembly seat by a wide majority.His interrogators were left to draw what ever conclusion from this claver gambit that they wished,
A report on Hien’s version of theChau contact was passed to Major Chung in accordance with NIC standard operating procedure for sharing data derived from interrogations conducted at the NIC.
We know the report was quickly translate into Vietnamese and send to Binh, Quang and Thieu.
The Vietnamese questioned Chau, he admitted having met Hien once and having recieved Hien’s probe about setting up a meeting with the Americans. He claimed to have reported this to the Americans with a view to helping them set up a dialog with the NLF and Hanoi but that nothing had come of it. Chau said he saw himself as having acted throughout tisaffair as a Vietnamese nationalist. He denied haing violated any South Vietnamese laws.
Now the political nightmare started. Binh and Colonel Nguyen Mau, the head of yhe Special Brsanch of the National police, both asked me if it were true that Chau had worked under American.(D)
(2) September,3rd. 1967
Mc Namara,testifying before a Sanate subcomittee in this day, assert American bombing of North Vietnam is ineffective (D)
10) October 1967
(1)October ,3 rd.1967
(a)The government announced that the presidential election will held Oct 3 as scheduled with President Nguyen van Thieu as the only candidate,
(b)The announcement appeared to dash all U.S. hopes and afforts by U.S.Ambassador Ellsworth Bunker to make the presidential election a multiple race. Bunker had met two straight with Thieu in seeking a solution.
(c) In South Vietnam , Thieu elected president, KY vice president.
(d) Thieu won as expected in the ballothing.
11) November 1967
(1)By the end of 1967
(a)following his electoral triumph, President Thieu sought to make his goverment more representative than it had been and to nuity politically and organizationally, only two of 19 cabinet members were soldiers and premier, Tran van Huong , was acivillian ,
(b) The combat troop had risen from 175.000 to 525.00.
(c)The Vietnamese and Vietcong matched and outpaced the US buil-up.
(d) By counting all by day which supplied the the communisr they kill in hundreds of skirmishes in rice-fields and forests and in attacks on village Vietcong by night, they thought they were surely winning the war. But these missions to seek out and kill the enemy didnot bring conflict to en end.
(e)American tactic proved of no avail in the Jungle of Vietnam. A helicopter gunship was not as effective as tens of thousand Vietcong and Viethminh, each armed with a rifle and able to live on adaily bowl of rice .It was impossible to kill them all.
Casualties would be replaced with new recruits, increase in American Combat troops with increased numbers of Viethminh. The Vietcong controlled much of Southern countryside.
(f) The very rare Vietminh propaganda ‘s picture and North Vietnam stamps about the Vietcong shoot down the American ‘s aircraft combat were issued this day(P & PH)
(g) Nganh Quan Y, who born 16.4.1956 had written about Vietnam in 1967 :
Thuchien loi day cua Bac Ho trong thu Nguoi gui can bo va chien si quan y ngay 31-7-1967:” Nguoi thay thuoc gioi dong thoi phai nhu la nguoi me hien, het long het suc cuu chua va phuc vu throng binh, benh binh”
Nganh quan y da tan tinh cuu chua va dieu tri khoi mot so lon thuong binh, bnh binh, trong do co nhieu truaong hop vet thuong va benh tat rat hiem ngheo. Rieng vien quan y 108, hang nam dieu tri tu 7000 den 8000 nguoi.(D)
(2) November,8th. 1967
The Postally used home made cover of NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corp) Saigon Bureu Saigo,republic of Vietnam, send with Bu Chinh Vietnam Cong Hoa 1 Dong stamp ,CDS Saigon 18-11.1967 to Cholon.
The cover have made of half page -3 stencil brochure in Vietnamese charater :
Moi’ day mot thong tin v…………..
Trong ban tin tu Viet Nam gui ve…….
Pittsburg courier, da viet da so……….
Cho rang ho chien dau cho mot muc………………………………………………
Cuoc bieu tinh ‘hoa binh’ tai Hoa…..
THU LANH LAO DONG INDONESIA UNG ……………. CUOC CHIEN DAU CUA VIET NAM CONG………………..
Hoa Thinh Don(TM),-……………………
Va cung la mot nhan vat quoc hoi…..
Ngo loi trong mot chuong trinh tro……
Quoc rang cuoc vieng tham moi day…….. da khien ong tin can phai ung ho……….trong cuoc chien dau gianh doc ia………………………………..
Ong, Darius Marpaun—chu……Thien Chua Giao Indonesia—da tu…. bao, ong noi :’Cong san tai quoc….. bi loai tru trong mot cuoc dao chi….. Viet Nam chi la mot bu nhin cua…..Nam (Viet cong) la mot phong trao.
Nhay 8-8, ong Marpaung…. trinh vo truyen thanh nhan……
Ong Marpaung cung tuyen….cuoc tham Vien moi day cua ong….khao voi ong tran Quoc Bu’u—Chu…….Viet Nam—ya ong da duoc biet ….chuch khung bo cua Chong san va Mat….la mot chong cu chinnh tri cua dan ….Viet.
SAIGON SAP CO MOT BANH VIEN NHI…
Nuu Uoc(TM)-Mot brnh…duoc xay cat tai Saigon,voi kinh…Chuc Cuu Tro Y’Te Nhi Dong Quoc Te….Nhan vien Virt Nam nhan lanh dieu….5 nam.
Bacsy Arthur J.Barsky ,…..cho biet la benh vien se bat dau…tu 6 toi 9 thang sap toi.
Den an cua to chuc gom he….. ‘Dieu tri cac tre em va huan luyen…
Ong giai thich ‘Chung… toi nam nam Chung toi co the hoan…..Viet Nam va trao lai hoan toan cho…..benh vien do.
To chuck nay la mot to ch….khong co muc dich chinh tri va tu….hoat dong co dich vu y te dac biet do gia kem mo mang.
……benh,vien dau tien thiet lap…….giai phau chinh hinh cac thoi.
……khong han che cong viec cua….. chinh hinh,trong khi’tai…xet nhu cau tai day va tu…..dieu tri nhung benh gi duoc.
….tien nhan va dieu duong gom do Uy Ban Cuu Tro Quoc Te.
Tro Quoc Te, ong Morton Ham-burg…tiep nhan noi tren se do nhan ….oc cac tre em bi benh hoan.
(Histories’s Infornation from Postal History covers. The historic fact not only about postal services but also the information about foreign native citizen who joint the lieration war , from Indonesian Darius Marpung, Rusian Arthur J.Sparky,Germans Morton Hamburg .
I hope native Vietnamese will be kind to translate this very interesting postal history and war history ’s informations ,especially for the three men family –auth)
(3) November,16th. 1967
SO TUY THAN like a pasport book ,Hong tuoi 1957, so quan 57 A.1777,010 , Ly-Lich: the name (Ho Ten) Nguyen Trien Lan , born (Senh) ngay(date) 1.3.1937 tai Huon duong sign by Chu-su Phong Toyen Binh ,Nguyen Van Cau, vai tu coch B.I.V.V. and red double circle stamps fauna like bamboo design ,five fingers print Dau Lan Tay, Tay Phai and Danh-Muc , Nhung trong toi va kinh toi-Hinpaht in another page.
The end of the book we found a documen ‘Phieu Dung Lam Giat Chuyen van Form , sign by Doan truong (OD)
12) December 1967
(1) December 20th 1967
On this day , Prime Minister Tran van Kiem issued a letter of instruction calling for cooperation and coordination by all goverment of Vietnam (GVN) agencies in a program to neutralize the VCI (Vietcong Central Intelligence-auth).
This letter gave the activity its legal designation of Phung Hoang, the name of a mythological animal that apprears only during times of peace and prosperity.
(perhaps the prime minister believed that invoking such a potent symbol would bring about the desired consummation).
Foreign minister Thrinh have said on this day, that North Vietnam will “Talk once the US halts its bombing.
4.3.3 Vietnam Liberation war 1968-1975
a. TET OFFENSIVE , Vietcong attack in 1968.
(1)Sihanouk tells Johnson ‘s emissary, ester Bowles,that he will not stop American forces from pursuing the Vietcong over the Cambodian border.(D)
(2) January,15th. 1968
BIEN VIEN SO 307 /Q6.QV STENCIL CETRIFICATE, SIGN BY NGUYEN THANH TRACH , TUNG-QUNG(?) THRUONG QUAN SAU FOR Toa So Tham Saigon, Luc Tinh Cholon knom 13 gia 8 Phuong Bien vien. With finger print without photo on ..nhon Tay Tro columm.(OD)
(3)After a decade of American tactics the communist planned a devasting blow “The Tet Offensive” against town in South Vietnam, was design as an all out effort to impress on American that the Vietcong were far stronger that they had supposed.
In preparation for Tet , was design as all-out effort and the North Vietnam had endeavoured to draw US troops from the towns by a diversionary attack on a nothern US base at Khesan .
(4)31th January 1968
(a)On Tet Holidays, the Vietcong and Vietminh launched “The Tet Offensive” against the town of South Vietnamm and mounted a huge offensive, penetrating several town s in an attempt to destroy the morale of the South Vietnamese and Americans , who believed that their power was confined to the countryside.
(b)It caught the Americans and the South Vietnamese completely by Suprise, because Tet was the National New Year Holiday period, dureing which a truce had always been observed, and because the town of South Vietnam had hierto been thought secure against the largely rural Vietcong.
(c)Score of Vietnamese towns were assault by some 70.000 Vietcong and Vietminh , who created wide spread destruction and even penetrate the heavily fortified US Embassy compaound in Saigon.
(d)The carnage was worst in the ancient city of Hue in central Vietnam, there the Vietcong overhelmed the South Vietnam Garrison . look at the vintage photo(ibid S,karnow) ‘a wounded GI helped by his buddies during the battle of Hue. The toughtest fighting occured at the Citadel, which the Vietcong held tenaciously American artillary and aircraft also bombed and shelleted this city.”
(e)In the end the communists were bloodily repulsed, but the terrible scenes of fighting shown on American television screens conviced most Americans that US soldiers should be brought home.
(f)The ability of the communists to pene-trate and even to hold their positions in a number of South Vietnamese town hitherto believed to be fitmly in South Vietnamese and American hands succeede in undermining American morale in their longest and most succesful war,
(g)The US President ‘s assurances that The Tet Offensive was the most disastrous Vietnam defeat of the war were perfectly true, but they carried little connection.(D)
(h)Tet offensive of 1968 was a campaining “Liberate” the South before Ho ‘s death (ibid Stanley Karnow)
(b) Tet offensive Map (P)
2) february 1968
(1) Early 1968
After Tet offensive, Whasington was forced to awful conclusion that US could no longer win the war(D)
(IMNAHA report a bogus fake first day cover with ilagalizes too sharp postal cancel Quan Buu 1.2.1968 on the second type Miltitary non nominal value, and fake postmark” kho tet mau than de phong xuan ky dau.”
I have found the 2nd type Military stamp not cancelled by Quan Buu in sept 1968, but Quan buu cancelled on military stamps type 1 at april 1968, we can made comparative studies about the original quan buu cancelled-aut)
(2) February,25th. 1968
After twenty six days of Fighting, American and South Vietnamese troops recapture Hue.
3) March 1968
(1) March,1st. 1968
The issued “ should another 206.000 troops be sent to Vietnam, bringing numbers there to almost three quaters of a million? The new secretary of Defense Clifford and the president rejected the increase.
(2) March ,21th .1968
(a) After three weeks Vietcong occupation at Hue, massacre 3000 people and buried them in hastily dug mass graves.
(b) Before American and South Vietnamese troops regained control, the Tet offensive had caused them 6000 combat death. Thousand more Vietnamese civilian died, caught up in the fighting. For the Vietcong, the casuaties amounted to a devasting 50.000. AS a fighting force they was never recovered.
(c)The weakening of the Vietcong was not unwelcome in Hanoi. Indeede, in as Tet was a double victory for North Vietnamese because it undermined American confidence that the war would ever be won and it prevented the independent communist in the South Vietnam from being able to challenge the nothern communist regime. The Vietminh henceforth played the major military role and so gained the upper hand in determining the future of vietnam.
(3) March,31th. 1968
(a) Johnson announced his decision not to seek re-election; he also indicated that there would be a measure of disengagement from the war, reflecting the new consencus among his advisers, including former hawks, That at least freed his hand from the inevitable political infighting as the election loomed nearer and anabled him to concentrate on finding a viable alternative strategy in Vietnam .
(b)He also announced a partial bombing halt and invitee the North Vietnamese to begin peace talk.
(c) He says that he will not run for re-election(D)
(d) Propaganda picture anti Vietnam war, Presiden Johnson bring back home” daddy skull and bone” to his son (P)
4) no info
5) MAY 1968
(1) May, 22th 1968
A very rare KHAI SANH’s certificate signed by Nhan chung, Ho lai and Tran-Hoc-lung in 22-05-1968. without revenue
(the rare collection after four month tet offensive without revenue,military free tax dan used military area number Ku Buu chin(KBC) 3014(An Duc-Vinh Long) , please comment the complete form of Khai Sanh,s certifiacte below-auth)
:So hieu 250
: :Ten,ho au-nhi TRAN-TUAN-TAI
: :Phai : NAM :
: : Ngay hai muoi mot thang nam duong :
: : chin tram sau muoi tam(21-05-1968) :
: SAU-Y-THONG-BO: Sanh: (ngay,thang,nam)…………………………………..:
: AN-Duc 25/05/1968: Tai :…………………Xa An-DUC……………………………:
: Chu-Tich K/Ho-Tich: Cha:………………….Tran-Hoc-Luong……………………:
: : Tuoi :………………….Hai muoi tam tuoi. ………………..:
: Signed & : Nghe-nghiep:…….Quan nhan……………………………:
: Stamped : Cu tru tai :…………KBC 3014………………………………:
:Vietnam conghoa : Me :…………………..TRANH-LINH…………………………..:
:Vinh Long Chau.?,, : Tuoi :………………….Hai Moi hai tuoi……………………..:
: UY-BAN MINH CHANH : Nghe-nghiep:……Noi Tro…………………………………..:
: Nguyen-Tam-the : Cac tru trai………..Trai gia binh Trong doan 16BB..:
: CHUNG NHAN : Vo :……………………Vo chanh……………………………….:
:Chu ky cua UY Ban hanh chanh Nghe-nghiep:……..Quan Nhan………………………………..:
: Xa An-Duc tren day : Cu tru tai :…………….K.B.C.3014………………………………….:
:Vinh-Long ngay 25/5/1968 : Ngay Khai:……………Ngay 22 thang 5 DL 1968…………….:
: TL Quan Truong CT : Nguoi chung thu nhirt: ..LE-HOANG-MINH………………………..:
:PHO QUAN TRUONG : Tuoi :……………………..Hai muoi chin tuoi………………………:
: : Nghe-nghiep:……….Quan nhan…………………………………:
: signed & stamped : Cu tru tai :………………K.B.C.3014………………………………….:
: : Nguoi chu thu nhi :..LE-HUU-HANH……………………………..:
: TRAN-VAN-LAN : Tuoi:……………………….Hai muoi lam tuoi………………………:
: : Nghe-nghiep:…………Quan Nhan………………………………..:
: : Cu tru tai :………………K.B.C. 4014………………………………… :
: : Lam tai ….AN-DUC…………..ngay 22….thang…05…nam..1968……..:
: Nguoi khai Ho lai nhan chung :
: TRAN-HC-LUONG NGUYEN-VAN-THE LE-HOANG-MINH
: (KY TEN) (KY TEN) (KY TEN)
: (KY TEN) :
6) June 1968
(1) June,5th. 1968
Robert Kennedy was assasination while celebrating his victory in California elections .
(2) The Vietnamese war may become the biggest question mark in airpower history. Even when the full records of the war become available, judgment of airpower effectiveness atill will be a matter of opinion as weel as fact.
The restrictions that always accompany a limited conflict have clouded the vietnamese situation throughly, and it will be difficult for anyone to appraise the true worth of airpower in this war objectively.(D)
(3) A USAF helicopter airlift supplies to a Special Forces camp in the central highland of Vietnam (P), A foward air control (FAC) ground team keeps in radio contact with an airborn 0-1 Bird Dog(P), and Vietnamese Air Force A-1 H Skyraiders over Bien Hoa air Base
( I have the postal history sent from this base , keep reading you will find that-auth)(P)
7) July 1968
Finally in this day With some nudging from Bill Colby, then chief of MACV CORRD, President Nguyen van Thieu put his official stamped of approval on the program.
8) August 1968
(1) Ho Chu tjeh da tang co thu’ong cho nganh xe quan su nhan dip Hoi ngi lai xe gi’o’i va tho sua chua gioi toan quan thang 8 nam 1968. La co mang nhung dong chu :
Yeu xe nhu con
Quy xang nhu mau
Vuot moi kho khan
Hoan thanh nhiem vu
(2) August,24th. 1968
Information from “NGANH XANG DAU QUAN DOI”:
(a)Ngay 13.6.1968. nganh xang dau da xay dung xang 42 km duong ong dan dau vuot qua Nam Ban ,Dong Loc, Truong Bang.(D)
(b)Ngay 24.8.1968. Cuc Xang dau thuoc. Tong cuc Hau can chinh thuc thanh lap.(D)
(c) thang 11-1968 , tiep tuc keo dai them 230 km duong ong xuong phia Nam,doc theo duong chien luoc so 12, kip thoi van hanh xang tren duong ong,cung cap cho cac doan xe van tai cho hang vao chien truong.(D)
(3) August,27th. 1968
Air Mail Military Covers from Phong Dinh with Military Stamp without nominal value but not cancelled, Nahrang circulaired date stamped 9.9.68 outside the stamp (send two weeks from the date of the letter 27.8.68)
This civil letter from Nha Trang to Army personel KBC 4882 TSE R Won cho/ AA I (location ?).
(This miltary cover or civilian send by regular Phong dinh post office without KBC and Quan Buu CHOPPED,why military stamps used,please comment after read the letter below –auth).
Dem Jay Cho 27.8.68
Imh Hoang kinh men.
Phnong cham biet thn hoiu em ena phuong cgan dem voi amh la can mot su chom tre, chao la mam hi mong choi va trach hon phuong chan lom phai khong chi loim phai khong cho phuong chan xin loi anhe.
Imh hoang men Troi somh ra chi phuong chan, koi ban cho phuong chan mot noi miem san kho .Pjuong cham ng heo lam , ngeo tat ca hi imh yen cho den vat chat , cho khong nhn omh phoang Imong Imong chan Ai conbiet cho pjuong cham ngoi con gan tay do nay Moi khira dtnong ,phuong chan chi biet nhm xnong,nhn nhn lon cuoc dtoi.
IJ tnoi som mong ina phuong cham xau so any . Troi oi dtinh menh , Thuong che.cha bem cho Phuang chan mot hinh hai, one khong vam cho phuong chan mot mem, Im oni trong cnoa song du mot mem Im vni nho nho. Imh khoang si! Moiu Rhi phuong chan soi bong minh trong gnong, ma com thay Im than vo enng, nhong Phuong chan kip ngln,Imy minh,xan xi, nhing con dtuoc 8 hau phuong, yen lanh, trong khi co,nhien omh linh, cha ngheo tat, ca ma con phan chien chan o noi vong minh lay kho nhoc,Phuong chan nghi chan minh thi,dtang Im cac anh hinh kho nhoc dto nhat la cao anh o mien xa, khong ngo, phuong chan ctuoc dirm phuc anh bien thn den chnh mon biet dnng bhan ena Phuong chan,n ? Khong anh ching tim hien vi ve Phuong , chan ca, nh chi can biet phuong,chan co em gai xau xi va ong hao nan. Omh hay inong inong phuang chan trong tri nho, khi emh muon nghi chen phuong chan, vi su that luc nao emg phu phong va cay dong.
Phuong chan xin ching, but nhe, hen thu sau chuc omh chem nay chi vao mong dep….
Em gai nho Tay thomh (Phuong Chan)
A anh con nho chia khong de phuong chom bien lan ma nho,
Jhn vo. N.H.Trang, cong gnyenh can da moi , Phong Dinh.(OD&PH)
(4) August.8th. 1968
Nixon elected president of the United States with Spiro Agnew as vice –president.(D)
9) September 1968
(1) September .14th.1968
A letter from True Giang ,
Nhan duitc thu c0 tri that phan van kho ngi, khong kieu Co new viet thu cho co khong, nhung rai to quiyet dinh thu chico, keo co trong thui hoan J mai, co Se nghu khong tot ve ngun ban qua co cua toi tri hanh bao tin khong vui co Ro hoang dta anh dung lia dto tri thanh that chia buon cung co va hien nay tri dang gui 2 la thui Cuo co goi cho hoang va 1 taan anh-toi xin loi co ve nanh dong khong dtep cua toi, vi toi va hoang lam2 nguoi ban than new toi da biet co qua nhung thu trore tren dtay toi xin goi tra anh. Cua Co ve Cgu.
Thu dteu dtay vai hay Co reo mot lau nua thanh that chia buon cung co neu Co Co gi muon noi toi khng dam tai choi.
Xin dung but chuo co may man lon. Kinh Chao.
T.B. neu can thu cho toi Xin de de : Ts H.V.J DDR KBC 4882 (location ?) Xin Co Vui Long Hui Bo, Sui Chau Tho Cua Toi. Cam Buu. (OD)
10) October 1968
(1) October, 21th.1968
The series 641 with JJ Replacement code of US military Payment Certificate start from 31.8.1965 type to 21.10.1968, and this day began to used the BB replacement code until 11.8.1969, this token issued special for used at South Vietnam field area. The design of US beautiful woman , nominal 5 cent- 25 cent-50 cent-1 dollar,5 dollar and 10 dollar. The last use of this token in this day .
(I found all of this payment certificate except 5 cent JJ and 50 cent JJ and 5 dollars JJ . I found 5 cent BB and not yet found the BB replacement note of another nominal . The collector’s name “TOKEN” because used only at special area South vietnam , private collection in fine condition except 5 cent everage good condition have found during my visit in 2007 at HCM-city, but during my last visit 2009 I couldn’t found anymore –auth)
11) November 1968 no info
12) December 1968
(1) Until this day Somone was not the God father of The Phung Hoang ( or Phoenix, to give it the name that the American hung ) as some would have it.program
(2)American troop strength in Vietnam at year-end is 540.000.
b. VIETCONG WAR IN1969
1) January 1969
2) n(1) Nixon’s policy of Vietnamisation played into their hand as they negoytiated interminalby in Paris. Their prime aim was to reach an agreement which would get the US out but would leave them able to continue the war within the country until final victory. So they resolutelu reject any proposal out foward by Henry Kissinger, America’s chief of negotiator in Paris,which required borth North Vietnamese forces and the Americans to withdraw from the South.
(2)American bombing caused grievous losses, but, making use of widely dispersed factories and with supplies of arms from China and Russia, the communist leadership in Hanoi was prepared to continue waging for years to come.
(3)The Vatican rewarded Nguyen Bao Tung ( Native Vietnam best Stamps collectors) a medal( VIIth Pontificate of H.H. Pope Paul VI) for his book entitled “Journeys of Pope Paul VI”
(4) President Nguyen van Tieu picked General Tran Thien Kiem as premier in a goverment with other soldiers, technocrats , and folloers of former president Diem predominated. He had chosen to base his goverment on military rather then popular support
(5)Paris talks expanded to include saigon government and Vietcong representatives(D)
2) February 1969
(1) The original vintage photo of AVRN Vietnamese captain native with two photographers, one surgent and one civilian in the front of US ARMY , ARMY PICTORIAL CENTER.
( I found this photo at HCM city in 2007, who know where the army Pictorial center ? I think at Saigon, who was the Vietnamese captain and is he still alive, please comment- auth)
3) March 1969
Registered 460 overprint stamped Long –Xuyen ,Postally cover with 3 dong stamp , CDS Long-Xuyen 12.3.1969, to Trinh-Van-Phan Bo-Moc –Vu Sai-Gon. This official letter from Duong-Thanh-Pinh Truong Trung Moc Bo-De Long-Xuyen(A-G)
(Rare registered from Long Xuyen,from official offiice civilian without KBC stamped,trough civil post office with special rate 3d , non official 6 d , what the meaning of the official office Duong-Thanh-Pinh ? please comment -auth)
4) April 1969
The very rare postal history of AVRN” TRAN TRANG HOA M1” postal used covers with South Vietnam military stamps type M1 ‘s clear CDS Quan Buu 2045 ,8.4.1969, with red double circle Quan Doi Cong Hua BUU-TIN-VIEN KBC 4308 send from Le van Vien B.V.3.D.C /L.Ngoui Chan KBC 4308 to code Q.T , Tran Trang Hoa 219/19 Pham ngu Lao saigon with destination CDS bigger type (saigon ?) Quan Buu 8.4.1969.
( This postal hstory very best for showed , becaus fine condition and the samedestination with another postal history military stamps typ M2 24-4-1969 , this postal history one from KBC 4308 never report the location may be Cam Ranh? , another KBC 4091 –Quan Trung Military school/training academy at Quan Tre- please comment –auth)
The very rare “TRAN TANG HOA M2” Quan Trung military Academy at Quantre postal history with South Vietnam Military stamps type M2 not cancalled by Quan Buu CDS , send from Dai Doi Chi Hung Tien Doan Phong ve KBC 4091-Quan Trung Military School/Training Academy at Quan tre , red doubble circles stamped “ Quan-Doi –Viet-Nam Cong-Hoa BUU-TIEN-VIEN K.B.C. 4.091 TOAN” and CDS Quan Buu Vietnam 26-4 1969 to Tran Tang hoa, So 219/19 Phan ngu Lao Saigon with note :(Nho Chuyen cho Huyen Trang xin that that thar cai) , on air mail par avion envelope, no quan Buu detination CDS.
Another collection from the Quantrung KBC 4091 military acedemi :
(a )The photo of Quan Trung Military academy’s Student, two student in the front of modern canon weapon, and one student with war helmet was taken in another year february 1970.
(b) The ceritificate of Gunshooting bravet “ Chung nhan Then X6) from KBC 4091 –Quan Trung Military academy April 24 1972 signe by Brig.general (Thieu-Thoang) Hoan-Van lac.
(The very rare M2 stamps and never found with CDS on that S.V.Military stamp , destination Quan tre, Military School/Training Academy “Quan Trung” , please comment the TRAN TANG HOA M2 ,the illustration as the cover of the Book Vietnam war 1 with T.T.Hoa M1 cover , please comment after read the letter inside the cover below for more information. I have seen the Fake cover of M2 stamps , report by IMNAHA. I am very happy to showed this rare postal historry with anothe M3 and Vietnam map cover , ICCS cover, if I the US Indochina phillatelic association send the invitaion to show this two at their annual exhebation because very difficult to get the US visa this time , please comment-auth)
Huyen Trang men !
La Thu ? dtai tiu, minh chong thong biet viet ga han dto? Lan quon voi trang la ke? Lan cho Trang nghe truong hop duoc han hanh viet tho cho Trang truong hop nhu sau
Trang cuoc hanh quan luo soat thu dtech Minh dta luc Soat dtuoc so mang anh, vi rach nat vien Minh khong biet vo la to bao so nay va May mau le Trong nhung Trang ngay vach nat dto lai con mu tien bay leu Phung Minh nghe nhat vay chu khong biet muoi dto co pha la minh tin hoang bon phung o?
Sau vi doi va hang gioi thiu cua Huyen trang, tu nhien Minh thay thich va vui vin vi chi ? Trong vai hang ngai ngai dto uo cung dta thew hien dtuoc phan nao ma long Minh hang mo uoc nhat la thich nhy chien Sat nang, vi moi mat buoi chien tat nang Minh thuong huong vi quc nha va xan dte nho thuong me gia va em doi.
Thei Minh cha them viet nha vi noi lan noi chen la Minh co the choc len dtuoc.
Minh xin nghing bat moi dtang va hen tho sau se Viet nhiem hon.Minh dtiem ma Minh so uoc nhat la Trang pha thanh tha voi Minh ten Minh Se Co gaiy thank that voi Trang moi van dte,
Tai bat : dia chi cua Minh hitch tai co chung nha china vi thong thung,dti nanh quan luon men nha co o han cu vay minh mien dtia chi cua anh bao co han cu dte lich lai voi huyen trang vi nha the thu se o la that lac :
Ha Ei vai Dieu
Dai Doi Chu Huy / The Doan phong Vo KBC 4091
Liu Tiao lau Cho
The very rare US Military payment certificate series 651 were issued with replacement code A-A in this day and the note used until 19.11-1973.
(This not veryrare because used during the war and before the fall of Saigon didn’t use anymore and another series also issued in 1969 like series 661 BB in 1969 , 681 cc in 1969 and 692 EE in 1970 then in, many were change to US dollars for buying gold due to the refugees, I have never seen this notes, only report but not confirm 5c,10c, and 25 c, the 50 cent only one report, the 1,5 and 10 dollars never report. Please comment why the series 651 AA very difficult to found?-auth)
5) May 1969
(1) May,10th. 1969
The Handwritten last wish letter from Ho Chi Minh at Hanoi.
“ Viet Nam Dan Chu Cong Hoa,Doc tap-Tu do-Han phuc.
Cuoc chong My,cu’u nuo’c cua nhan dan ta du phai kinh qua gian kho, hy sinh nhieu hon dua, song nhat dinh thang loi hoan toan.
Do la mot dieu chac chan.
Toi co y’ dinh de’n ngay do’, toi se’ di khap hai mien Nam Bac de’ chuc mung dong bao, can bo va chien si anh hung; tham hoi cac cu phu lao, cac chau thanh nien va nhi dong yeu quy cua chung ta.
Ke theo do , toi se thay mat nhan dan ta di tham va cam on cac nuoc anh em trong phe xa hoi chu nghia, va cac nuoc bau bin khap nam chau da tan tinh ung ho va giup do cuoc chong My, cu’u nu’oc cua nhan dan ta.
Cuoi cung,toi de lai muon van tinh than yeu cho toan dan,toan dang,cho toan the bo doi,cho cac chau thanh nien va nhi dong.
Toi cung gu’i muon ciu’oi cung cua toi ta. Toan Dang, toan dan ta doan ket phan dau, xay dung moi nuoc viet nam hoa binh, thong nhat,doc lip, dan chi va giau manh, va gop phan xung dang vao su’ nghirp cach mang the’gioi.
Ha’ Noi,ngay 10 thang 5 nam 1969
HO CHI MINH.
(not complete letter, maybe native vietnam will translate the Ho Chi Minh Letter-auth)
(4) the calour Photo of Ho Chi Minh (P)
(5) The cover of Vietnam Book propaganda with national Flag “Viet Nam Dau Tranh Vi Doc Lap Va Chu Nghia Xa Hoi and Chu tjeh Ho’ Chi Minh photo, in this book have illustrated the vietnam war photo
(a) Chu tjeh Ho Chi Minh
(b) Thi xa Cao bang sau ngay quan xam lu’o’c Trung Quoc rut
(c) Nhan dau cac vung xung quanh thj xa Lang So’n di so tan trong thoi gian Trung quoc xam lu’o’c.
(d) Xu’o’ng sura chua nong cu o’ cao bang bj bon xam lu’o’c trung quoc tan pha.
(e)Nha may san xuat phan dam lo’n nhat Vietnam o’ Ha Bac
(f) Hai hong,Phan xu’ong nguoi nha may co
(g) Xurong che’ bien muoi o’ Nha rang.
(h)Ruong trong lua tinh Hoa Binh
(i)Cy ruong bang may o’ tinh Quang Binh
(j) Hai che trong nong truong Moc Chau
(j) Nha may go dan o tinh Phu Khanh san xuat hang xuat khan,
(k) Mo rong ho chua nuoc o’ tinh Lai Chau
(l) Nha may nhiet dien Quang Ninh
(m)Thap khoan tren dong bang son Hong
(n) Hai Pong Xay nha o’
(o) Cac chi tho theu lang Binh Minh gan Ha Noi
(p) San pham cua mot horp tac xa huyen Kim Son
(q) Cua hang ban den giay
(r) Tran dia trong nyui cua bo doi Lang Son
(s) Pho lu bj thiet hai trong thoi gian Trung Quoc xam lu’o’c.
(t) Bo doi giup dan uyen Kim Bang dan mu’o’ng dan nu’o’c tu’o’i ruong.
(6) Nam 1969, nganh xang dau da ngien cu’u.thiet ke va che tao thanh cong may bom cao ap Truong Son;tiep do hang loat cac loai ong va phu kien duoc che tao,nho do co the chu dong thay the, sua chua va co nguon du tru can thiet, bao dam toan bo he thong duong ong van hanh tue trong moi tinh huong.
(2) May,14th. 1969
Nixon proposes simultaneous withdrawal from South Vietnam of American and North Vietnamese forces (D)
6) June 1969
(1) June,1st 1969
The Soldier civilian stamps were issued, the uncommon mint 80 pi.
( I found thi stamp on postally cover,look at registered Danang 11.10.69 and Saigon 17.12.69-auth)
Nixon with Thieu on USS.Midway , annouces withdrawal 25.000 American troops from Vietnam.(D)
8) August 1969
The replacement note B-B of series 661 beautifful women were issued in this day to change the series 661 J-J.and also in this day issued new design notes series 681 army warfare design with replacement coed C-C (I only found the 5 cent series 661 B-B notes in good condition only , very rare in very fine condition because this notes were used until 7.10.1970 only one year and after that the war became more battles everywhere-please comment-The series 681 found 5 cent,10 cent submarine design, and 1 dollar airforce pilot in fine condition- auth)
The uncommon mint Bannar Man stamps,50 pi, were issued.
9) September 1969
(1) September,3rd. 1969
Vietnam National Hero, Ho Chi Minh dies in Hanoi at age seventy-nine, this day (RIP=Rest In Peace).
(read his handwritten last letter, on 10th May 1976, four month before he have passed and his vintage photo in 1955 after the Vietminh war-auth)
The Civilian became soldier “Tong Bong Vien “ stamps were issued, the uncommon was 10 pi.
(3) September,24th .1969
The serial collections of Vietnam Cong-hoa Buu-Bien reciept of Bien-Lai So : Nhan Cua O Tay Chanh ,so tien la 3542. with Coniem(revenue) Vietnam Cong Hoa Nha Truoc Ba Va Coniem 3X 3$00.
(very best the collection of revenue rate and variation of tax reciept , from 21.12.1968 until12.4.1971,this were the first report of rate during the escalation of Vietnam liberation war :
No. Date Tax Revenue
a) 21.12.1968 3172 0$80 large coniem
2$00 Nha truoc va
b) 22.3. 1969 2772 0$80 large coniem
1$00 Nha truoc va
c) 24.9.1969 3542 3 X
d) 23.12.1969 3472 0$80 “
e) 21.3.1970 9138 2×0$80 “
f) 26.6.1970 8015 0$80 “
g) 31.12.1970 9735 5X0$80 “
h) 12.4.1971 8875 2×10 d stamps
5$00 Nha Tuoc Ba va
i) 8.7.1971 11.825 3×10$00 “
(The 10$00 revenue rare, and used stamps in March.12th 1971, why ? look at March 1971-auth)
10) October 1969
The very rare “Bao Thi”(The Military Headquaters) Return to sender Registered airmails Cover from R no 908 ovpt Danang , with 16 d nam-quoc-te nahn quyen ed.1968 + 2 d-soldier civilian stamps (rate 18 dong) cds Danang 17.10.69 to Saigon cds 22.10.1969, the addres cross , handwritten Bao(1) cross with red handwritten date 21/10, and red squared box stamped “retour afsender “and straight stamped “not found’ with hand writen 8/12 and in the back Bao Thi 12/12.
(Rare registered letter from Military HQ-“Bao Thi” Danang after Danang under Vietcong between Jan-March 1968 –auth), return to sender after seeking many battle’s area were seen many destinations and post stamped during vietcong war in fighting area Danang, this the first report,altough the condition not so fine but very good multi postmark & stamped still read. The best showed covers –auth )
Massive antiwar demonstrations in Washington (D)
(3)American troop in Vietnam reduced by 60.000.(D)
11) November 1969
The President van Thieu photo in the day at Bien Hoa , S.Vietnam , he attends National Day ceremonies at military cementary near Bien Hoa . In most photos Thieu ( wearing dark grey suit) accompanied by Vica President Cao Ky , who is wearing a Nehru jacket. ( image by
The postal used cover from the ownwer of VIPITRA SA import-export,88.Le Van Duyet Saigon ,to Kinh giu Bac Si Le Cuu Truong,99 Nguyen Du Saigon, stamp 2d-soldier civilian (rate 2d in city) , CDS SAIGON VIETNAM 17.12.1969.
Inside a beautiful “Chinese New year greeting “in chinese char” on American navy boy holding flower and the picture of a habour and a trap lady’s fish tailed post card.
(2) December, 17th.1969
The AWA aerogram letter sheet without prestamps l, send from Nguyen Hien 374/1 Nguyeng ngoc Suong Phu Nuan saigon Vietnam with 3 stamps 2 x 1,5 d and 1x 3 d (rate 6 d) to Miss Ho Thi Tuyet Hong , CDS Saigon Vietnam 28.12 1969,as regular civilian postal service , in the back hand written :
Phu Nhuan Thu bay Ngay 27-12-69
Mot canh thi cua Hong da den tay anh va sau do mot
Thiep Noel nua da roi vai Sau tay anh nhung anh thuo vi
Tinh da khong co mot loi than hoi gi ca cho Hong , anh
co loi nhiem , anh an han ve ming , va anh xin hong dung voi goan
lay tho thu cho anh va de anh noi so ly do toi sau anh lai co mot tai di nho vay.
sau khi nhan duoc thu cua hong, anh hinh goi diem thoa cho hong hen ngay gap nhung mot phan o tai dinh phu nuan khong hen doan thoan cong cong hai le o chanh day tung co doan hoa nhung cua may seu chu my anh khong muon phu va vi vay anh da kho goi duoc cho hong……….etc…………………………………………………………….
Va vi vay ma truong tho bay ngoi viet tho hong de ta toi hong lue nay ta sau, chai cong ru van huong . Anh xin loi hong ve ru kang tren lao thu tu hay diem thoi de xen con vrie sa sau toi anh se tiu cho hong sau dung buon ve nua nhe anh biet toi voi, tho cho anh
C.VIETNAM LIBERATION WAR 1970
1) January 1970
(1)January, 10th 1970
The Airforce VNAF free postal airoplane and rocket cover, send from “KBC 4652 LDPT”VNAF 4th Division Phong Dinh, to Dinh Vu So 332-1 “KBC 3319” Cam Ranh Naval Training center with CDS Quan Buu 10.1.1970. and red KBC 4652 double circle stamped . At the top of cover handwritten “ Thu Ta The Ve Bien Nhatrang mien Cac nay”(what the meaning ?). Inside the letter in Vietnamese language:
Con Tho ngay 31.12.69
Hom nay tap nhan dtuoc Tho Qui, tep Lay Lam Ngung, Vi Qui dta chon dtuoc nganh Hai Phoa theo tap nghi thi Qui se La chanh thuc La nguoi lungcua dai duong.
Vi qui Se dti tau bien Luc Qui nang Khoa nganh hai Phai Xem xen, voi nganh Bom dtau cua nganh H.Q.vey,Khi Ban dtuoc dti tau Bien Bau se dtuoc dti tat ca cac tinh cua V,N.
Tap lat tiet La dta mot Phen tinh nguyen dti nganh Xa thu, De Lau nguoi hung o Giang Nghung tap o toai nguyen dtuoc, vi tap dta La RQ ma o dtuoc tren Trei Anh Ban dtuoc, nhung Ban dti hoi Pkao Eoi Chung Cuoi o co vo dto vi no so Ban thut Sap Nha dto Q suen tap cang quen luc qui dti co gei Lai cho thieu Ba lo noi o?———.
Can dtoi voi tap thi o co nhung noi o co thi o dtuoc ngoi nhung nguo: Qui biet Ra con tiet nhiem nhung tap dtem tu choi vi tap ho mat cam ve van dte am uong vay le lat ra nhung au o tap cung xen xen voi ban ma thu.
Con phep thi Bi cap roi tai du ky roi nen o duoc ve cuoi thu tep cung chuc qui dtuoc nhiem mai mang ve suc khoc nan nay tap cung nhu qui au tet tai dton vi cung nhu noel vua roi nhung C.T.cung Vui vui dto ban.
Thoi tap xin tau dtung biet va mong tho qui dtien neu Ban co dti dtan coi tap o mai ta dta chi cu.
Tap luc nay ngheo quc qui vi
(Free airmail –rocket VNAF 4th Air Division cover, postally used with red KBC 4652 and Black Quan Buu stamped 10.1.1972 from KBC 4652(Phong Dinh Air Force) L.D.P.T (?) to CTTT Chong Thu literaly mean Gouverment Building,Tao Tac literally mean Building & Construc-tion, CTTT means Corps of Engineers , Ve Bien Nha Trang mien Cac Truong, Dinh Vu Sro 332-1(?),KBC 3319(Naval Training center Cam Rahn). The back side of the cover pencil written nhan ngay (arrive) 17.01-1970. one week after postal date stamped auth), and the type letter fron the same sender to “Huyen Trin Qui” from Phong Dinh 20.2.1970. Huyen Trin Qui covers were the best collection for showed because many variations during the war 1969 until 1971-aut)
(2) January,15th 1970
The Bird triangle stamps were isuued in this day and the uncommon mint stamp 30 pi.
2) February 1970
The “Nguyen Trinh Qui civil Cholon “ cover, send by Lo Ngoy,5,Kom voi CL ,civil cover without Quan Buu cds and KBC stamped, rolling cds Cholon on South Vietnam Flag with USA-Australia flag,another design not clear send to H.V.H.P 12c/69 DVS 332 -1 tr D3 , KBC 3319-Can Ranh Naval Training Center.
(Nguyen Trinh Qui joined the Naval Training center at Cam Ranh, the other cover always to his station “Vung Tau HQ 503” , together with another Huyen Trinh Qui cover will very intersting collection to show,please comment-auth)
(a)Kissinger begins secret talks in Paris with Le Duc Tho (D)
(b) The vintage B-W photo of the Student of Quan Trung Military academy at Quan Tre , on the back of the photo , handwritten “Ky niem Quang Trung K 1/70 KBC 4091 thang 2/1970 “(This vintage photo will best showed collection with the “Tran Trang Hoa M2” cover because from the same location during the vietnam liberation war, and also with another “Tran Tran Hoa M1 “ cover because the same type military stamps, please comment-auth)
(c)Another “Huyen Trinh Qui “ cover, Free airmail flight-rocketvtype cover from KBC 4652 (Phong Dinh VNAF 4th Air Divison) L.H.P.T.(?) to D.V.S.332-1(?) KBC 3319 (Cam Ranh Naval Training Center ). with KBC and Quan Buu CDS with letter inside :
Phong Dinh ngay 20.2.1970.
Zap nhan duioc zho qui tap nung lam vi do la Bui tho ctan xuan qui van khoe cho con o xon minh cung nhu zhuong zap moi ve e bua truoc.
Voi Khoan ctau thang tu hay cua thang Ba tap moi xin phep ve 7 ngay a qui co Biet anh thai da xung ngay 17 tai cau tha can cu vi q my.
Cho anh thai cack tap vao A Cay Si Thoi Zan cunc qui cung ve vung Bon Ling Nbgfoi con Viet zap xai doi ve Sai Gon,Theo Tap chua ughi den Viec du ninh chua co gia vinh hon ning Liang ninh chi ca may ngau Ba ma thi nieu tap ve Sai Gon nen tap dtoi Hay o tien thi o nha Phai cho tap so se nhu anh thai tay thi kho nen tap Quyet dinh o lai. Etc………….
Choi tap co toi loi thein qui va chuc qui van Su Nho y muon o8 dtau thi vw dto vua/chua. Ven thu sau, mong bau.
(During joined the Training center at Cam ranh KBC 3119, Nguyen Trinh Qui recived several letter , military and civillian cover, best collection with many different type postal histories covers-auth)
3) March 1970
(1) March,18th. 1970
Sihanouk overthrown in Cambodia by Lon Nol (D)and his Photo (P)
4) no info
5) May 1970
(1) May,1st. 1970
THE CU TRI (Election card?) Saigon Quan(military) Truong.with native char : Tua qamp Voang Quan 8 , sign by Quan Truong saigon Nguyen Van Phav with four A-D in the corner,the A have used. In the below of certificate “ Chu’y ,- Xin giu ky the de co dip dung sau nay. (OD)
(2) May.4th. 1970
Large antiwar protests spread across the United states. National guardsmen kill four students at Ken State University in Ohio.(D)
(1) June .2nd.1970
The earliest Chung-Chi Hop-Le Quan-Dich certificate Of Bo Quac Phong Nha Dong vien” So Dong Vien So 3” with Military and People Emblem.
Ho Ten(name) : Luu Khac Nhon
Sinh(birth) : 2/2/31
The can-cuoc so : 319334
Cap tai : Q5/ 8 / 02 / 1961
Dia-Chi : 175 / 17 Nguyen Tri
Phuong Cholon. 825661 SDV3/QD/31
TINH –TRANG QUAN-DICH
DUOC TAI, HOAN DICH VE LY DO GIA CANH DO DANH SACH SO 528/UBHD/DTS NGAY 24/70 CUA UY BAN HOAN DICH DO THANH SAIGON.
Co bieu-luc den : 30/06/1971
KBC 4309 NGAY 02 JUNE 1970
Trung Ta nguyen –Van-Koi
Chanh Su-Cu So Dong vien 3
Hand sign. Yo 825661
Guoc gia ban den 30 SEP 1971
KBC 4.309 ngay 01 JUL 1971
Dai ta Nguyen Phuoc Nhung
Chanh Su-Vu So dong Vien 3
Thien To MAI-VAN-BA
Si-Quan Phu Ta- Handsign .
(The first KBC with point between 4 and 309. at Saigon area-OD)
The Cu Tri “Election” card,sign by Quan Truong Saigon in this day.
Viet –Nam Cong-Hoa
A THE CU TRI B
So : 03008398
Ho va Ten : NGUYEN THI CHAT
Nam va noi sinh : 1927 – HDG
Tru quan : 03 CH 07 03 P T GIAN 633- Z
The can cuoc so : 03908762 cap tai SGN ngay 20.02.70
Saigon,ngay 01 thang 06 nam 1970
Chu ky cua Cu-tri QUAN TRUONG
Red official stamped NGUYEN VAN-PHAV
“ Viet -Nam Cong-Hoa
Do Thanh Saigon
C Toa Ranh Vanh D
The earliest Civil covers send from Qui-Nhon without used KBC number (before KBC 3040) send from CDS Qui Nhon 14-7 1970 to Saigon, with black propaganda Stamped “ Goi thu SAIGON bo de so Quan” (meaning:” Go to Saigon …?… Army”) ,
( the earliest military propaganda stamped.inside chinese char. Letter date 31.5.71 two month before ,because the war civil letter delayed send-auth). (PH)
The “Huyen Trin Qui M1” Military cover with military no value stamp from DAI DOI 3/2 KBC 3396 , RIVER Mine group 91 Navy Saigon ,WITH RED CIRCLE KBC 3396 STAMPED to T.T.T.P HQ 503 (HQ 503 was the LST;landing ship Transport at Vung Tau NVH Navy,TTTP ?-auth) VIA KBC 3328(Naval Fleet Headquaters in saigon -auth), the militeray stamp didnot cancelled (from September 1968-auth) ,and Quan Buu CDS on enveloped . The B-W vintage photo of two soldiers in the battle field .
(The very rare Huyen Trin Qui M1 NAVN ‘s cover send from the Battle field, by HQ 503 “LST –Vung Tau” via KBC 3328-Navy Headquaters . This time Nguyen Trinh Qui was back to field area at Vung Tau, I have several Huyen trin qui Cover from the same persons , but from different type of free postal cover and I also have found five covers with military no value stamp type one green yellow tank and one type two red green guerilla army. The military stamp were only cancelled 26/9-1966 without Quan Buu and KBC stamped , postal CDS Quan Buu 2045, 8-4-1968 with KBC stamped, but the other covers military stamp wasn’t cancelled with Quan Buu and KBC stamped on eneveloped not on military stamps from September.9th. 1968, Nov.24th 1969 .
Military stamps cancelled illegalized (CDS or Quan Buu) after 1969 were bogus or phillatelic creation because Military stamps only cancelled by Quan Buu CDS later date found in March 1968 not after that, the military stamps type 2, issued in 1969 and never found cancelled CDS quan buu,please comment because IMNAHA found bogus fake illegal cover ,cancelled in 1968 at tet as first day cover. The six collection’s cover of the military stamps Quan Buu type 1 and 2 were the very best collection for postal history showed, please com-ment and invite us for the show in 2010 -auth).
INSIDE the cover was found CHINESE CHAR’s Letter written like latin from right to left different from original native china char:(free tranlate)
This letter was send from the Battle field at border area“TIN” (KBC 3966-2nd Battalion,not known location-changed location due to the operation field.)
Are you recived my letter ? I have joint the battle at the border area “TIN”, we were fight until the Gunshot sound were stop, and we were win, the enemy some died and wounded. This time I just came to the province” Lung Ching” Vietnam.
The Battle very best at “Chup” in the “Chung nan Pantau” area (Chung means Center, Nan mean South , and Pantau mean half , where ? may be someone will told us –auth), the battle around 21/2 hours and the enemy lossed much with many died, the battle still exist and our march foward until the enemy flea away .
I didn’t recieved your letter , may be beacuse the war situation. Where do you now ? at “Tin”border too ? How about the health of your mother and sister&brother ?
(The only one and very rare “Huyen Trinh Qiu M1 “ the battle field ‘s Cover send from his friend Duong Dinh Son Dai Doi 3/2 KBC 3966- 2nd Battalion , always moving due to operasion field at the battle in the border :Tin” –please comment-auth)
7) July 1970
ROK(Republic of Korea ) Forces-Vietnam bronze Medal,AND IN THE BACK :” presented by LT GEN LEE SAE HO COMDR ROK FORCES,VIETNAM 3 JULY 1970,” GIVEN TO (VERY THIN BECAUSE WAS SCRAPED TO OFF THE NAME “MR BA NHGI-AG JNA (?)”
(I have seen the same medal in Rusian market Cambodge in 2007 but very expensived price, and I found at HCM city le Cong Key market with fair price, original because the owner name was scrabbed and still have pattina, please comment why on the front’s center blank ,something missing?–may be ROK military will gave information. Imnaha also have ROK-vietnam postal covers.At the other place I also found a pin with a hand hold flag red-white with one star in the center , Coan Thanh Nien ….Danang Vietnam ? not clear good patina,why two colour ? and a square bronze patina pin”Dai Hoi I Ngia-Binh 1977, please comment -auth).
8) August 1970 no info
9) September 1970
(a)Another ”Huyen trin Qui” cover , prepaid Stamped free military letter sheet type light blue, send from DA 83/8 ND(?) via KBC 3119( airbone 6th Battalion Saigon) to 27/10/2 Huynh Ainh Cua (?) Tan Dinh Saigon, but without Quan Buu and KBC stamped (may be personal delivary).
The letter written in native vietnamese char :
Mien Gioi t vien ngay 13/9/70
Nhan sewe phu chi maino qua va doi da dac bat ven say gui ve than gia sing qa chi.
Ba Ma ngoai ny con van manh va phu dia sinh lam rat monh pin nha, ma’a! Chi hai chi chac dta kha toi phai khong ma, gia Sinh minh pan bang an chu o con qu ma ong hanh to cho lon chac lua roi chu gi phai o ba Ma.Vai hano vo tham Ba ma vo cau chuc na dinh manh khoe bang on.
Con cua va ma.(OD&PH)
(b) Letter sheet pre stamped M3, send from DD 83/8 ND KBC 3119 (Airbone 8th Battalion saigon) to Saigon, send by courier, no CDS Quan Buu & KBC stamped, M3 type a-light blue colour. The letter :
Mien Gioi tra ven ngay 13/9/70
Nhanh tuoc thu am maino qua va vai da dtac ven say geu ve tham gia sinh va cho. Ba na nguoi nay con van manh va nha na sinh lam nen rat nong tin nha, ma a ! chi hoi chi chac dta kho toi phai khong ma, gia sinh minh tan bang an chu a con vu na ong thanh to cho con chac lua roi chu gi phai o ba ma
Vai hang vo tham ba ma va cau chuc gia dinh manh khoe hang on.
Con cua va ma
Vi trong nguoi tuoc khoe nen con nhay noi dtay
Ma nho ge cho con xin S lon man ruot thi l
Kho dtay nha ma dte con dung.
(c) Letter sheet pre stamped M3 type 2-drak blue, send from KBC 3043/HQ ( never report,not know location &institution) to trung si I THAI /TL/QV, KBC 3921(not known institution & location), send by courier , no CDS Quan Buu and KBC stamped. The letter inside :
Em Thu !
Da hon tuan li nay thanh nho pho Tay-Minh Vang Long nguoi tinh nhay-Du. Bon anh dta phai truoc them mot tuoc quan tranh hanh mia, Anh dtat moi hy vong em cha anh sec dtang quoi cho anh nhiem. Nhung roi ! Bon anh dta dti ra.Nhiem Thien –Ngon man lua va mo hoi.
Em Thuong !
Mot sai nguoi bon cua anh dta nga giu mot cach dton dtan khi anh va ung bon bi tuoc lanh tren xa them , theo sat voi cai tien dtoan sat vung trin gioi ta va bon.
Nhan la thu thu hoi ma em voio chien ngay 26/10/71 trong luc anh tong sap sua dtua hon ve ban mong hom ngay sau nhung dtem thiue trang con mat ma lam viu.
Em! Anh khong tuong truong chuve anh co thu hong dtem thiu suot , chin trong vov con truon ngu liu nao cung nhu thiu duc mon moi. Hioi dtem la, bon thuoi ,mot ly ca phe sua , ca cao loi thiu an thi khoi noi, ga co , vat co cav dtong co. Dam nao vai ngui trong bon anh thanh phien nhan, nguoc lam viu, ke lam dto om nan chao co, con goi co,..cung vi the tuy…….very long letter……etc………………………………..
Vai hong cho gia dinh, nha co ranh bim thu cho anh hay va anh cung se tin thu ho em dti em va tinh dto lo phan nao ve anh, goi ve thu cua anh long thung nho cua nguoi chong xa vo, cha xx con,xi gia dinh hanh phuc
10) October 1970
(1) October.7th. 1970
(a)Nixon proposed “Standstill cease-fire” but repeat mutual-withdrawal formula next day(D)
(b) American combat death in Vietnam during last week in this month numbered twenty-four.(D)
(c) American troops strenght in Vietnam down to 280.000 men at year end.(D)
(d) In this day , the new series 692 with the replacement note EE of US military payment certificate were issue and used until 15.3.1973. This note very difficuot to find .
( I have never seen this note, maybe someone will showed us their own collection-auth)
(e) The official free postal cover of Bo tai Chanh “Nha Tong Giam Doc Thue Vu” with the re official stamped, send to Saigon CDS Saigon Vietnam 7-10 1970 and round E.K Saigon no date round sramped.
(what the meaning “ Bo tai Chan “Nha Tong giam doc Thue Vu”?
, official cover with official stamped free postal cgarge.-auth)
11) November 1970 no info
12) December 1970
(1) December.10th 1970
Very rare “Huyen Trin Qui”Free airmail flight and rocket covers, postally used with Postal cds Pho(ng Dinh) (10).12.1970 and not clear red official Double circle stamped “Viet-Nam Cong-Hoa NHA TRANG ? “ SEND TO KBC 3319 (Cam Ranh-Naval Training center/military school) HQ 503 Vung Tau(LST,Landing Ship transport NVH Navy Vung Tau) , but din’t found the postal man made with handwritten in red ink pen:” cross and another adress C-KBC 3328 “ (send via Navy Headquaters)
To open the mysteri of this covers, please read the letter inside that cover :
Xu Biwn Ngay 10.12.1970
Cap nhou duoc thi Ban sau ngay tap tro Ve ctun nvi co nguo hen trao lai tap, tap nung lam bei ti tap nhon thu dai ngaoi quc ca co le ban kiet cho vi tep o co han gai, baw trai den cung mot cton vi ca dan mang kho quan du. Con gia Dinh o Ca vi rhi moi thang moi Ve thi tap o la vet ve, kan a kan cu Biet ngay tap ve ctun Vi Bi nhop het mot ctem,roi bi phat lam j dem Ban ngay shi Phai Truc Dien pkoai nen tap o CS Phi gio hoi cum cho kan, Vi hom nay. Lauc Vi Ce Binh Thuong.
Bo dong I thang nghi Thi Ve Phong ngu cho cten toi hom sau lai lain Va nhoi lam Buun Vo tan o cu viec nao Viec cho het duoc , cho nen doi tap qua Ben ctay tap moi du luc jauve Thi Lam Ngi Hia thi hoi met ty jhink jhiong moi nghi,com bay gio. Etc………………
Thoi yen gio lam roi tap xin tau tan cting no’r ctay nho meng thu te……. etc(OD&PH)
(2) December.12th 1970
The civil postally used covers without the sender ‘s name send from Saigon CDS 12.12.1970 with rate stamp 6 Dong +3 Dong (9 D) to Parto (Patton ?) Ca USA, Mrs V.J. Eletto, without sencored , the earliest civil letter to the American’s wife from saigon (PH)
d. Vietnam liberation war in 1971
(1) The native vietnam best stamps collector , Nguyen Bao Tung best seller book is “20 years of the Vietnamese Philately”(1951-1971) written in four language (Vietnamese, English, French and Chinese) Published by South Vietnamese Ministry of Cultural Affairs in 1971. This book gives a brief history of philately followed by a short account od Indochinese stamps from 1886. It lists special flights and cahects before catalogueing the stamp.
Technical and topical are through. Part two in English, it contains a foreword on the Geography, history , religions and customs of Viet-Nam, following which there is a simplified listing of the stamps and their topical motifs. The French parts contains an introduction somewhat similar to english section, and the fourth part is in Chinese . Finally the stamps are list for a third time cross referenced by Scott and Yvert catalogue numbers. ( If somone had this book please comment to compared with my informations because Tung only stamps, no revenue ,photo and document history –auth)
2) February 1971
(1)A major test of “Vietnamization” took place in South Vietnamese Forces in this month, when South Vietnamese Forces invaded Lao without American adviser .
They performed poorly . The Life photographer who had been covering Vietnam for a decade , was killed during the operation.
(1) March, 12th,1971
The reciept of Tax by Buu-Bien Vietnam Cong Hoa, Nhan Cua O Ytauy Thai ,so tien la 8875 signed by truong ty, with revenue type Nha truoc va coniem 5$00 and Stamps 2 X 10 d.
(the only one Stamps used as revenue because the shortage of 10$00 revenue, and the situation very bad, -auth)
4) no info
5) May 1971
The rare “Huyen Trin Qui” free military postal vietnam Map with paralel line cover, send from Dai Doi 3/2 KBC 3966 (2nd Battalion, unknown location) with red KBC Stamped 3966 and Quan Buu date stamped 31-7.1971, send via KBC 3328 (Naval Headquaters saigon) by DVD (?) HQ 503 ( LST-Landing Ship Transport NVH Navy at Vung Tua), inside Chinese langguage latter. The same type of cover send in June,7th.1971 and October ,5th.1971 .
6) June 1971
(1)June, 9th 1971
The decision was further reinforced when President Nguyen van Thieu pressed through an election lam on June,9.1971, which would limit the number of presidential candidates.
The bill-disigned to cut the number of presidential candidates to give the winner a more convincing majority-stilpulated that prospective presidential candidates must have then nomination papers endorsed either by 40 deputies or senators or by 100 members of elected provincial councils.
Presiident Thieu consequently entereed the South Vietnamese presidential elections with only one opponent former general Duong van Minh, who later withdrew.
The Military and Naval operation on Vietnam coast stamps were issued , the uncommon mint with ace 40pi ( I found this stamps in HCM city-auth)
(3) June.25th 1971
The Civil covers send from CDS Qui Nhon 25-6- 1971 with chinese char letter, to Saigon with rate 2×1 dong + 4 dong stamp(6 Dong), with propaganda stamped “In International aid day 22.08.1971” with chinese char letter inside,(PH)
The reciept of Tax by BuuBien Vietnam cong Hoa, nhan cua O tang Tai, so tien la 11.825 with rare ravenue 3 X 10$00 and common 2X 080 (rate 21$60),
(the last serial reciept of Tax paid via Buu Bien during the escalation of vietnam liberation war-auth)
(2)July 14th 1971
The rare”Huyen Trin Qui “ free military city’s dot of Vietnamese map cover with paralel line border trade mark two peagons and red-blue line via airmail , postally used with Quan Buu cds 14.1.1971, and red KBC 3966 , Free airmail covers from Dai Doi 3/2 KBC 3966 (SECOND ARMY BATTALION LOCATION ?) TO DVH Vung tau HQ 503 (LST –Long Ship transport NVN-Navy) via KBC 3328(Naval fleet Headquaters Saigon)
(The same type of Covers send with Quan Buu Stamped 14.5.1971 and 31.9. 1971 from the same sander and recievers address.
From this three cover were found only two letter in chinese character, my best friend have tranlated
(a) The letter send 31.5.1971
(b) the letter send 10.7.1971 from chinese native military , Mr Yang Tung San to his vietnamese friend, Mr Huynh Trinh QUI via LST transport NVN navy at Vung Tau (HQ 503):
“I am very happy to recieved your letter in July and thank you very much. My friend told me that letter -writing will upgrade our skill . If you don’t mind please asked my girl friend Lim who stayed at Sikung why she didn’t answer my letter anymore since 1970, I have send to her two letters but she didn’t answered.
Before she write a letter to me twice per month, she was my girlfriend since at the same school (classmate).
My girlfriend have said in her letter that I am not handsome, but onother person told me that I’m not like that.
I hope you will help me to solve this problem ,
I am brokenheart, pessimistist and BO Hoat (Heart Illness) , because many my friends have married and they have their children, I want to be like them.
Your area very beautiful, that is way please help me to buy Picture Postcard from your town, because my brother like that card for send to his friend. Please tell me the price of the card and I will send you money for purchused.”
( this the first and last used of the border line Map with blue city ‘s cover. There was a report of this kind of cover used after 1971, that cover bogus, phillatelic creations because after 10 th .11. 1971 the new Map blue city without paralel borderline was used with native Han Khong (Air Mail) and blue line- OD&PH) and after that in 1983 another type Map Cover without paralel boderline with red dot city, I have seen this red dot whitout paralel line 83 edition, used by The ICCS –Indonesian garuda Mission Vietnam 1974 with guinine 9 d Soldier helping wounded ,1972 2dition, but I think this postal history covers from Pleiku,Hue and Danang were fake because the rate to low for foreign country ,Indonesia- I have the original cover ICCS not official postal history cover , look at 1974-auth)(OD&PH)
Diep Van Kinh Goi “Stencil official invitation from Viet-Nam Cong-Hoa Bo Chong-chan ,Saigon Thuy-Cuc Khu Cholon red stamped , stamps 0d50 and other stamp off, CDS Saigon- Cholon Viet-Nam, to Hoang Thi Hoan , ngu tai no 9 h Nguyen Kim.
_________ Cholon,ngay 3 thang 8 nam 1971
SAIGON THUY-CUC S0………./ STC/KCL
D I E P V A N
Ong , Ba …..Hoang Thi Hoan……………………………..
Ngu Tai so:……9h…Nguyen .Kim…………………………
Trivh vau : V/v gia ho thong quoc va dau thuy –luong- ke
Thua Ong, Ba
Tran trong tin ong , da ro :
Cong tac gan ho thong nuoc ve dat Thuy-Luong-ke tai
Dia chi …..Treu……….can phai dao duong noi mat nhua
Do d’o phai xin gay phep dao duong do Toa Do-chanh cap
Hien nay Khu toi da ghi die chi tre’n vao danh sach
Xin phep dao duong ao …….71…………… ngay 28….4…71….
Thao thu tu ngay dong tien.
Khi nao nhan duoc giay phep tren Khu toi se cho
Thuc hien ngay cong tao trong vong 1 tua’n 1 e , Nguoi ra
Ba khong phai dong them mon tien nao ca. Neu co ke mao
Ngay ba’ng Dien thoi so 50.532 hoac 24.683 . Viec lam
Nay khong nhung Ong, Ba khong bi mat tien ma con giup
Cho Saigon Thuy-Cuc bai tru tham nhung.
Kinh chao Ong, Ba’
TRUONMG KHU CHOLON
HONG NOOC DIEN
The official cover of Nha-Thuoc Phu-Cat ,Duoc Si Hu-Rac-Huu , Hue send with rate 6d native dancer stamps , rolling CDS Hue Viet-Nam 3-9.1971 to Kinh Goi,Hop-Thinh Cong-Ty Saigon.
(1) October, 5th,1971
The lattest used of free Vietnam Map with paralel line and blue dot city , this the same of “Huyen Trinh Qui free vietnam paralel line map “ cover send from KBC 3966-2nd battallion not know location via Navy headquaters Saigon by” HQ-503” LST navy NVH at Vung Tau.
(2) October, 21th.1971
Another rare “Nguyen Trinh Qui civil cover” send by Nguyen Chi My KBC 3402/2 (AVRN Strategic Army corps Military Zone 2 location Cantho) , civillian cover without Quan Buu cds and KBC-stamped , with rolling cds Cantho Vietnam 21-10n1971 on 6d stamps , via KBC 3328 Naval fleet Headquaters Saigon by DVH Vung Tau HQ 503-LST NVH navy.
( The same sander to Nguyen Trin Qui ,in November ,9th 1971, the best collections for show-auth)
(3) October, 25th,1971
The Gia Bao Thi certificate from Luat-Khoa Dai-Hoc Duong VIEN DAI-HOC SAIGON of the Laotian , signed by Chu ky Doi-Hoc Duang, Nguyen Thuong Kien Doc-Su Hanh chanh.
VIEN DAI-HOC SAIGON so the sinh vien : 2759 bi S
LUAT-KHOA DAI-HOC DUONG Mon nhiem y : phap vau
Noi thi : Truang Suat
Phong Thi : Giang Duong So Phong Doc sach
Cho Ngoi : 3 Nhom 3 GIAY BAO THI
Tran trong bao de ………………………………………………………
Ong(Co,Ba) ……….VO THI THAO……………………………………………
SINH NGAY 10-04-52 tai …………..Pak Song (Laos)…………….
Sinh-vien ban …Cu Nhan B…………………..Nam thu……I…………..
Duoc biet ……..Co………………………………..da duoc ghi danh thi
Khon……II………………………………………Nien-khoa 1970 – 1971…..
Ong (Co,Ba ) phai co mot tai noi thi ho …….. 1430 …………….
Ngay ……..17 thang 11 nam 1971………de du thi va mang then
- The sinh-vien do Truong cap ve nien khoo
197 0 – 1971
– Giay bao thi nay
– But va muc (giay thi va giay nhap bai se do Truong phat)
Saigon , ngay 25 thang 10 nam 1971
Truong Dai Hoc T.U.N. KHOA TRUONG
Luat-Khoa Thu Ky Doi-Hac Duong
11) November 1971
(1)November ,9th 1971
Another rare “Huyen Trinh Qui Cover Prestamped cover 6d, send by Nguyen Chi Moy-civillian – KBC 3402/2 (ARVN strategic Army corps Military zone 2 ,cantho ?) , civil cover without Quan Buu and KBC stamped,but trough postal CDS Cantho-Vietnam 11.9.1971 (reinverse CDS) via KBC 3328 –Naval Fleet Headquaters Saigon by HQ 503- LST NVH navy at Vung Tau.
(2) November,16th 1971
The first Fish thematic stamps issued, the uncommon stamps 100 pi
(I have two postal History of the fish stamps 2 d , one as revenue with coniem 30$00 revenue 2,12.71 and postalhistory covers 23.3.1973, please look at that interesting information-auth)
(2) November.19th. 1971
(a)The earliest used Vietnam Liberation map enveloped without border paralel line, blue city and blue line Han Khong –Via airmail cover.
The free Han Khong cover with trade mark Cam Tu Son Ha send from Dai Da 3/2 KBC 3996 (2nd Army battalion location ?) by LST NVN ,Navy, Vung Tau HQ 503 via Naval Fleet HQ Saigon ( KBC 3328) with Quan Buu CDS and red KBC 3966 stamped .(PH)
(This covers was the same sender and recievered of the three border paralel line map blue city , two peagon trade mark, covers above the first earliest report(PH)
also found the Liberation Map Cover without border paralel line but with Red Dot city, used 1n 8.4.1983 with 2x 20 Xu military stamps , from Hue To F-1. QI T/P H.C.M – read at chapter Vietnam after liberation.
I have found the same Hankong cover but with added stamp 2x 1 dong but without Quan Buu stamped, date not clear, only red KBC 3119 stamped, send from Dai Doi 83/8 ND-written above cover “Co Quoc Danh Du Traca Nhiem “ KBC 3119 Airborne 8th Battalion saigon to Tan Dinh(?) Saigon.but with “The rolling & clear type Small Quan Buu clear new CDS” 11.12.1970 (the first military covers send to civillian the military postal rate 2 Dong, – the first report of this type rolling Quan Buu cds , this military Quan Buu new postmark were the earliest used because in november 1970 still used the old not clear Quan Buu post mark. If the old quan Buu postmark used after december 1970, the cover was bogus or fake cover -auth)
(3) November.2nd. 1971
Bo Quoc Phong “Chung Chi Tinh Trang Quan Dich” certificate sing KBC 4.309 (CHOLON) by Dai Ta Nguyen Phuan Nhung, Chanh –Su-vo S0-Dong-Vien 3.
Emblem VIET-NAM CONG HOA : Co hieu luc den: VA MUOI MOT THANG TAM Soldier & BO QUOC PHONG : NAM MOT NGAN CHIN TRAM BAY MUOI
Civillian ______________________ : HAI (31-8-72) .
CHUNG CHI : KBC.4.309, ngay 02 NOV 1972
TRINH TRANG QUAN-DICH : Dai-ta Nguyen –Phuoc Nhung
_______________ : Chanh –su-vu So-Dong-Vien3
Ho Ten : Luu-Khac-Nhon : signed
Sinh : 2-2-31 Tai : Cholon :___________________________________________________
Can Cuoc So : 02133550 ngay :12-8-69: Gia han den:
Cap tai : Quan 5 : KBC, ngay
Dia Chi : 175/17 Nguyen-Tri-Phuong CL:
TINH TRANG QUAN-CHI :
-Tai hoan gia canh so 825661, ngay :
2-6-70 .Co hieu luc den 30-6-71 :
-Duoc chuyen qua lop tuoi Don Quan :
“Chung-chi’nay khong co gie tri nreu :
duong . Su co bang cuoc Tu-tai hoac :
van hong tuong duong ben la.”
Co hieu luc den : Ba Muoi Mot Thang :
tam Nam Mot Ngan Chin Tram bay Muoi Hai(31-8-72).
12) December 1971
(1) December.2nd 1971
Saigon Thuy Cuc “Giao Keo” , with red double circle stamped and sign by Nguoi Yeu Cau Cung mCac Nuoc on 30 Dong Revenue, and added stamps 2 X 0,50 Dong + 2 Dong (rate 3 Dong) with saigon postal date stamped
( may be this for legalization by postal , same in Indonesia during Indonesian Independent War-auth)
e.Vietnam Liberation war in 1972
(1)In 1972, after military duty , Nguyen BAO Tung have made weekly phillatelic program on Vietnamese television , gave the viewers through his collections, the history of Viet Nam, oriental culture.
2) February 1972
The native homemade cover with green and red pen strip border , send from Saigon rolling cds Saigon vietnam 3.2.1972 to TP.Qui HQ 503( Vung Tau), KBC 3328 (?) in pencil writting, no sender name with stamps 3d native vietnmese lady playing a traditional music.
( the interesting cover ,why no sender name, and The pencil writing, my be the little boy send to his father who joined the military operation at Vung tau? Please comment-auth)
The postally used cover with vietnamese US,Phillipine and australia flag stamps, the latter date12/1/69 cross 70, postal cds not clear, hand written recieved 12.02.1970, almost one years no communication, from saigon to KBC 3319 HVHP 12/69, DVS 332-1 tr 73 (Cam Ranh Naval Training center) , without Quan Buu and KBC stamped.The letter inside in Vietnamese language :
Cholon ,ngay 12/1/70
Toi vua nhan ctuoc thi Zui vaisang nay. Toi ret vui bung va voi
ho an cho Zui ngay dtay.
Thoat tien, toi in dtoi cam on loi Chiu tung cao qui cua Zui, nhung Zhui a, Chuong trinh dte I nam nay nang lam
Nut la thoi lai theo ban C thi cang Phai nut hon; Vi mon Triet hoy va Sinh Ngu 1 nang ne ghe dti nen toi pha ban tam toi 2 mon nay nhieu hon ca; dtai Biet la mon triet no vua triue tuong lai vua Khi Khan thi lam dao toi co thi ly ho mot cach tron ven dtuoi-toi phai dti hoc them lop luyen thi mo vao dtau thang nay vay nue toi tuong cung chua tham nhuan dtuoc may.
Nhung du sao dti mia toi cung pha gong cong dtat gioi dti mia, toi …………………………..etc………………………………………….
Toi man phep dting but noi dtay , hen zui, chui Zui luon vin kgoe va se huong thu nhung ngay Xuan xap dten mot canh tren ven.
(if someone want the complete letters please comment and translate ,auth)
3) March 1972
Air mail cover from KBC 3176 (location ?) to Saigon with KBC 3176 and Quan Buu Stamped, rate stamps 2x 2dong (4 Dong) (no information location of KBC 3276-PH)
4) April 1972
The uncommon “Plane over Dalat” stamps were issued, especialle in couple two or block four.
(I have found this stamp on postally cover send by express (khanh) label from Vung Tau to Saigon,mixed with the stamps soldier on Vietnam map 10.12.1972-auth)
The very rare Gunshooting colt, M16 and M60 ‘s green bravet Sung M16 “CHUNG Nhan Then Xa” from KBC 4091, Quantrung Military Training center at Quantre, after joint the training from 17-22 /4/72 signed by Brigardir General Hoan-Van-Lac.
: * :
:_______________________# Colt M16 #_______________________________: :
: : __________________ # M 18 M60 #______________________________: :
: :____________________# #_______________________________: :
: :_______________________#######__________________________________: :
: : @@
: : QUAN LUC VIET NAM CONG HOA : :
: : ______________ : :
: : CHUNG NHAN THIEN XA : :
: : Chu Huy Truong: TTHL/QUANG-TRUNG : :
: : Chieu Biet Nhan Cua Hoi-Dong Giam kheo Ky : :
: : thi dua ta…….Sung M 16…………nam 1972 : :
: : to chuc ngay ..17-22/4/72 …… Tai..TTHL/QUAN TRUNG : :
: : chung nem…..B2/ND KIM NGOC SON..quoc 73/138.334 : :
: : da van mung………M 16…………vo song so tem .53.80 so nang : :
: : duy cap huy-hien……Thien –con Uu hang ……. : :
: : KBC…4091 ngay 22/4/72 : :
: : 9124/TTHL/QT/KH/KH Thien –Tuong HOANG –VAN-LAC : :
: : SIGNED : :
5) May 1972
Trong cuoc chien dau chong phong toa thang 5-1972 , nganh xang dau cung cac nganh thep, dien than va nhan dan cac dan toc tinh Lang Son, chi trong 15 ngay dau thang 6-1972 da ti cong xong he thong kho va tuyen ong tir bien gioi ve de kip thoi tiep nhan mot khoi luong lon xiang dau,cung cap day du cho cac nhu cau quoc phong, dan sinh.
Sau do, tiep tuc xay dung 6 tuyen ong tu Lan Son. Quang Ninh toi thu do Hanoi , hinh thanh mot mang luoi ong dan dau lien hoan,vung chac suot tu Bac den Nam.
(1) June,15 th 1972
Uncommon mint”Vietnam armed” stamps were isssue
7) July 1972
(1) July,11 th 1972
“Huyen Trih Qui KBC-4026 ” Free airmail letter from KBC 4026 (location ?) to HV/HP 2 c HSQ/CN (?)
Huyun Trinh Qui ,KBC 3319(Cam Ranh Naval Training Center), with red KBC 4029 and Quan Buu 11-7-72 Stamped.
(Inside the letter from KBC3397 (River Patrol Group 52 ,Navy, Cat Lai ) date 8th June 1972 (may be this letter send from KBC 4026 not yet known location, three day from the cat lai front, or from another cover, this letter from this location have never report before-auth), the letter
KBC 3397 ngay 08-07-1972
Chin Qui Luong men’
Lau qua hoim nay midi ranh dte bien tho tham may cau cui dtay, moy Su Hiong cau ma may cau rat nhien.
Tu ngay ve dten gio chang noi dan gi may cau anh dtinh rau quoi coi dtam ra loin bicing moi chuyen vo anahDien nay viet tho ra cung chi biet mong loin Sao cac can em cua toi luon manh la anh vung .
Sao chuong trinh hoc dten dtai roi nhi qua giai dtoan 1 chuk rang co gang quen tat ca moi cu’c kho binh teu dti roi ve nong ru’o’u voi ong anh nay cho vin nghe may can yei qui ma’tui.
Be Hong goi toi hiam may can dtay, be’ Hong gai loi Hiam may cau dtay.be Hong Saji loin chi dau cua may cau roi dtay.
Ham uo anh dau ba ma anh laao cte xin cuoi Hong vei xon loin t ca lang dteu cleoi voi nhung roi co tai la ruoc co ban toi cung vay thoi phai Khong maij cau en.
Huh Dien mo cae cau mong sao maij cai Thuong nhan nhu anh em Ruoh ctc cho tin ctu’ot lain anh ca ngho may cau.
Mong thu hoi an ma may cau roi nhien ,Ve giang dtoai phe quc chung dti bo deu chi nhung toi tien qua troi na.
Thoi chuc nay cau em cuo tui luon vui manh cte ngay thang gian Kho Quan truong troi qua man.
Thruong Nhien. GD 52 TT(?) KBC 3397 ( river patrol group 52 ,Navy, at Cat Lai,.) Sai-gon van binh thuong HQ 503(Ving Tau navy ?) dao moi dteu nhen qua ghe nay loin buon ghe ven o chang vinh tai nua. (OD&PH)
(1) August , 18th,1972
The rare prestamped taiwan China aerogram letter sheet, send fromTaiwan China CDS 18.8.72 to Cholon south vietnam, the letter in chinese language:
“I have recieved your letter , say hello to our family. I did.t fill well because after 29 years married my wife from the village-women , she didn’t the parent , but still have sister. “ this family latters.
( this aerogram very difficult to find because the People Republic of China didn’t like the name of Taiwan china, they asked to withdraw the aerogram, in Republic of China Teipe this aerogram didn’t listed.
I also found another aerogram with CDS Taiwan china CDS 8.10.74, please comment from China Taipeh about Taiwan-auth)
9) September 1972
(1)”The soldier helping wounded “ were issued, the uncommon was mint 100 d.
10) October 1972
(1) October,21th. 1972
The Vietnamese Card ,So Quoc-Gia Danh-, Bo tai Chanh, Nha Tong Giam-Boc Thue-Vu Signed by Cham Su Vu So Quoc-Gia,stamped Nguyen Vau Hai, Danh-BO 21-10-72 :
Ten Ho : Nguyen Thi Chat
Ngay va noi sinh : 1927 tai Hai Duongt
Nge-nghiep : Noi Tio
Dia-chi : 633/20 Phan thanh quan Saigon.
27.030.71.014.(OD without photo)
11)November 1972 no info
12) December 1972
(1) December,10th. 1972
The “Khan” urgent express mail from Vung Tau CDS 10.12.1970 to Saigon cds 10.12.1972, rate stamps 3 x 10 Dong (30 Dong), type of stamps Plane over Dalat (2x10d) and military on Vietnam map(10 d) stamps.
(Rare civil express covers with uncommon Plane over Dalat and soldier on vietnam map -auth)
f. Vietnam Liberation War 1973
1) January 1973
(1)A ceasefire was finally agreed, the Americans would withdraw from Vietnam within sixty days and the settlement would be left to the Vietnamese.
(2)The North Vietnamese soon resumed the conflict and despite massive supplies of American arms, the badly led South Vietnamese army crambled completely.
(2) January, 10th.1973
The civillian postal used cover from CDS Saigon 10.1.1973 to Binh To Saigon 11 , rate 9d , stamps soldier help victim. Inside letter in chinese language :
“ I have recieved the Chinese new year card, Sin Tjia, from you that made me very happy , thank you very much.
Father and mother always thingking of you, they hope you will be advanced and success.
The Ship couldn’t landing at saigon, I don’t know when we can meet agai .
Are your weight up and became more fatty ?
There were many regulation from the Army “,
Name card cover with rate Stamp 3 d, send from CDS BAO LOC 25-1.1973 to saigon, the name card :
Don Dien Hoang Hue
Trin Mung nsm moi
Rap chieu bang HOANG-HUE
Cinema bao Soe 98.THONG-NHUT – DILINH
2) February 1973
(1) February.5th 1973
The Military free mail pre-stamped letter sheet type dark blue send from Toan Dai Doi 6 khoa 29 (?) KBC 4027 (National Military Academy Dalat ) to Nguyen van Tai KBC 3790 ( location ?) with “BLACK KBC 4027-Dalat Military Academy (THE ONLY ONE Black KBC stamped, may be the red ink not availabled) without Quan Buu stamped and not clear CDS, the letter date 5.2.73 to Kinh Yi Trung Ta Nguyen van Tai KBC 3790 (Location ?) , the letter hand written :
KBC 4027 ngay 5.2.73
Hom nay chan xim co vou loi ve tham Bhu Thim va voi em vi thoi gian hep chau xin thu loi ve su cham tin cau.
Mai dau xuan da qua chan cung xim kinh chui bhu Thim duoi luon an khang manh khoe va caiu luon tan toi bhai baih da ra truong roi chu thruong ? bhau xin chu noi voi thay chau dung ban tan nhun ve chau jeo truong lo dio dtay dtu ca nhung gi chau bien ve cho thay chan diu dtung nhung fi chai Viet Dung ban tam nhim qua vi chau
Chau chi xin chua noi liom mung 4 tet chau so xin chu noi voi thay chan la chau se viet thu ta loi sau vi su khong y tu va bat can cua chau.
Vu thoi goan han hep nin phai mot thoi pan cau san thu moi dten thay chau sau thu luon nay. Mot lan nua chau chui chi luon manh, Thim va coi em vui tuoi va chau xin dung but.
Kinh dton, Tan Khan Sinh dai doi B/29 KBC 4027.
(2) February.14th 1973
Bo Quoc Phong ,Chung Chi Tinh Trang Quan-Dich , sign by Dai Tu Nguyen Phuoc Nhung Chanh Su-vu So Dong viet 3, This certificate same with the certificate 2 nov 1971, belong by the same person , but different type used “ Tai hoan gia canh duoc chuyen lap toui don quan,
Co hiewu luc den : KHI CO LENH MOI (?), (THIS CERTIFICATE WITHOUT THE LIMITED YEAR USEABLE. Different from the 1971 certificate.OD)
3) March 1973
(1)March , 23th.1973
The rare cover send from KBC 3176, not known institution and location, with cds Quan Buu 23-3.1972 on stamps 2x2d fish stamps(rate 4d) and also on cover, red KBC 3176 stamped to saigon.
( Unusual Quan Buu cds on stamp from unknown location KBC 3176, the same type cover also found from KBC 4974 unknow location in 8-12.1973 rate 10 d and 21-12.1973 rate 7d . I thing the unknown area were the moving operation area where no post office there and the military postal service take over the postal service that is why CDS Quan Buu on regular stamps and different rate, please comment-auth)
(2) March,26th .1973
President Nguyen van Thieu holding agrarian reform law were issued due to the third annyversary of that law, the 10d rare in mint and uncommon in used, very rare in block of ten.
( I found this rare stamps on [postally cover, send from KBC 6984 to Saigon 3 , Quan Buu military postal date stamped 9.6.1974 without KBC stamped, please look at that postal history discussion at the date chronology –auth)
4) April 1973
(1) The war unpopularity in the US grew strong, and following the Peace talks, the US agreed to withdraw its forces in April 1973.
US Secretary General Henry Kissinger and Vietnam envoy Le Duc To agreed to Chaese fire, and in this Year they had win the peace,s Nobel prized .
(Although the war still until two years more in 1975, in the year the same US President Barrrack Obama win the peace’s noble prize, the criteria was who first had an idea for peace near same with the Vietnam ceasefire 1973, please comment-auth)
5) Mei -6)June 1973 no info
7) July 1973
(1) July,1st .1973
THE CU’-TRI Election(?) CARD , ISSUED BY Quen-Truong Quan Saigon with stamped Toa Han Quan 10 Saigon,
Ho va ten : Nguyen Thi Chat
Nom va nai sanh: 1927 Hai Duong
Tru quan : 724/26 Phan Thanh Gian
The can-cuoc so o3908762 cap toi Saigon ngay 1970.
CHU Y: Xin giu ky the de co dip dong sau nay. 9In the corner ,A-D, and the A was used.(OD)
7)-10) no info
11) November 1973
(1) November.2nd. 1973
ID CARD “THE CONG-CHUC” Bo Quoc Phong, Quan-Luc Vietnam Cong-Hoa, with jellow and three red line armour-ed,
Ho va Ten : Trinh Van-Te
Ngach trot : Thu-ky CN/B2/3
So truac tich : blank
Chuc-vu : Thu-Ky
Dan-vi : Dai doi THD/Bo TTM
KBC 4180(location Hanh Dinh ?), ngay 02/11/1973
Voc In TRAN LE-TAI
Doi dai Truong Dai Hoi Tone Hanh Dinh
Bo Teng Tham Muu Q.L.V.N.C,H (?)
12) December 1973
(1)December,8 th. 1973
The Green orchid cover send from KBC 4974 (location unknow ?) to Cholon with rate stamp 10 Dong , KBC 4974 and two Quan Buu CDS 8.12.1973 one on Stamps, and another on cover (Unknow location KBC 4974-PH)
(No information the location of KBC 4974 and unsual Quan Buu cds on the stamp ,there was another same cover in December ,21th.1972, rate 7d . Please someone who know the institution and location of that KBC 4974please send the information through comment ,thanks-auth)
(2) December.14th 1973
The cover from Nguyen Loah Sang, Pres La Cour D’Appel de Saigon Advocat, to Ong Giam Doc Saigon 2, CDS Saigon 14.12.73, the stamp off.(PH)
(3) December,21th 1973
The same Orchid cover, send fromKBC 4974 (unknown institution and location) , the Quan Buu CDS 21.12.1973 on 2x 3d and 1x 1d stamps(rate 7d) ,also Quan Buu CDS on cover, and red KBC 4974 red stamped. To Cholon quan 5.
(This cover made me crazy because at once I think one cover only because same like the twin with the other one in December.8th 1973, but different rate !0 d and 7d , and why Quan Buu postal cds on regular stamps, this the only postalhistory like that, May be the regular post office didn’t open because of the battle around that area, please comment-auth)
(3)December, 24th. 1973
The rare civil postal cover from Binh Minh , cds Vung Tau 24.12.1973 send via KBC 3328 Naval fleet Headquater saigon by HQ 618 – PGM –Patrol Gunboat medium to Tai Binh.
(Unusual tranpostation PGM HQ 618 at Tai Binh-auth)
g.Vetnam Liberation War in 1974
1) January 1974
(1) American service men , 110.000 had burnst their draftcard and 40.000 young men had evaded call-up by leaving for neighbouring Canada and for Europe.(D)
(a)Air mail covers from Indonesian KONGA V/ICCS Region V Saigon send to SKOMDAK III (West Sumatra Police Headquaters ) Padang-Sumbar, overprint INDONESIA , with stamps rate 81 Dong (7 stamps) with CDS TAN AN 30-1-1974 ( My first Postal History of Vietnam war was Given by Police Mayor. Suroto to me as Medical Police Inspectur in 1975, from this postal history I started to collect Vietnam war Postal history –auth)
(b) ICCS Communications Center Ton Son Nhut, the photo of Indonesian Garuda Mission army and Police in the front of that centers (This photo was given to me from Indonesia national Police Captain who joined the Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam auth)
(c) Unused Free Port Special letter sheet Garuda IV Indonesia ICCS Vietnam, Garuda was “Eagle” Indonesia National emblem.(PH)
(d)Indonesian Mayor General Wiyogo Atmodarminto , commander of the Ivth Garuda Mission to Vietnam inspecting his men (Photo-D)
(e)The Indonesia participation in Upholding World Order ICCS in Vietnam 1973.-1975 under Garuda IV,V and VII.
In performing its task, ICCS met many difficulties due to the fact that certain points of the parisb Agreement on ending the war between the US and Vietnam, were conraversial. This led Indonesia to pull out GARUDA VII from Saigon in April,27,1975 the annexation of South Vietnam by North Vietnam waas the reason for the first Asean Summit in Bali to stress again the urgency to preserve political stability in South east Asia.
(f) The ICCS Vietnam plaque of Garuda IV Mission in Vietnam (Memorabilia)
2)-4) no info
5) MAY 1974
(1) May, 7th .1974
The very rare President Nguyen Van thieu holding the agrarian law, third commemorative, send from KBC 6984 –uknown location , the Quan Buu cds on stamps and on cover to Saigon.
(the same type of cover from unknown location KBC 6984, may be the battle area which no postal service there, the very rare Nguyen van thieu stamps 10 d postally used by Quan Buu postal service without KBC staped, only one ever report, please comment-auth)
6) June 1974
(1) June, 9th,1974
The very rare postal cover with rare 10d Nguyen van Thieu holding agrarian reform law stamps, send during the liberation war from KBC 6984 (not know area ?) to Saigon-3, Military CDS Quan Buu 9.6.1974 .
( This is the first report of rsre Thieu stamps on postally cover during the year 1974 , if someone have the same at the year 1975 before the fall of Saigon , please report and show us-auth)
7) no info
8) August 1974
(1) August 1974
The Watergate scandal had re-moved Nixon and his successor President Ford knew only too well that the American people wouldnot saction a renewed US involvement in the war
9)- no info
10) October , 8th.1974
The rare Taiwan China bird fly aerogram letter sheet, send from Taiwan to Cholon south Vietnam CDS K(A) Taiwan China 8.10.1974.
11) November 1974
The rare regional taxes revenue red brown colour “Gia Binh Mien Thue” ancient building design 40$dong , used for legalized the fotocopy of document” Truong Nu Trung-Hoc Chilang 1 Gia –Dinh. Thanh-Tich Bieu “ Ho va tan Hoc sinh : Nguyen –Thi-Nam ,So Danh-Bo: 38/69.
(rare regional revenue from Gia-Dinh, also look at the pin from Dai Hoi Gia Dinh -1977-auth)
(2)Nam 1973-1974, nganh xang dau da khan truong cung co va phat trien tuyen ong voi chieu dai tong cong gan 5000 km, dua xang dau vao den Loc Ninh, Dong Nam Bo; xay dung mot he thong kho tang du tru co suc chua lon voi mang luoi cap phat toa rong ra cac huong chien dich (D)
12 ) December 1974 no info
h.Vietcong victory war in 1975
1) January 1975
(1) National Front for liberation of South Vietnam.(US called Vietcong) from 1963-1969
(2)Provinsial Revolutionary Goverment of Republic of South Vietnam 1975-1976
(3)Vietcong victory war in1975-THE FALL OF SAIGON
Vietcong capture Phuoc Long province , north of Saigon (D)
The very rare civil cover from D0 Thanh Cholon Viet Nam CDS 23-1.1975 with rate stamps 25 d (20 +5) , inside the letter and name card in chinese language :
“My letter not sistematic, don’t laugh it. this time the Battle everywhere, the situation didn’t secured. The criminal and the badman everywhere and the price of good s up everyday.
The Gouverment administration very bad and they didn’t gave happiness. My work just finished , the time pass so fast , i didnlt fill that the new year come , I hope in the new year we will happy.
With this letter I send my two photos don’t laugh when you see that .
________ in chinese :
Chuyen mon sua son cac loai We Chi
May may ben le gia tien re Singer machine
So 904/10 Duong Nguyen Trai service
2) February 1975
(a)Motorbike tax “VIET-NAM CONG-HOA = THUE XE TU DONG= 19975 SO XE EO 2474” in the back
BIEN LAI SO : 1218
NGAY : 1-2-75
SO TI’EN : 7500 $
NO’I CAP : GD
round red official stamped”Ty Phep Vu Vietnam Cong Hoa Gia-Dinh
(until February 4th the South Vietnam “Viet Nam Cong Hoa “ still have the power, and they still charged the motorcycle tax-auth)
(b),February, 1st.-28th 1975
Very rare and informative collections best for showed,the small pocket dairy’s book ‘Lich Bo Tui 1975” of Trung –Tam Bao-Hiem Cong-Ty Saigon with handwritten information every day froem Saturday February 1st until 28th 1975 .
(very rare document historic collection, never report , only one because this was private handwritten information-auth)
(b,1) Front Cover
The illustrated High Building (?), LICH HO TUI 1975, THANG-2-1975, at the bottom Doang Thuong Ngan Hang
Chung Chuc Tan Xuan
Red round wheel type
68 , Dai-16 Nguyen-Hue (Lau 1)
BAO HIEM va TAI BAO HIEM
TAT CA CAC LOAI
Thoan Thuong Ngan Hang
Cong,TY HAC VON 500.000.000.500 GUE DU
Tre Se Truong Vung :68 Nguyen-Hue Saigon
Dien Tin : DITIBANK
So’ Q.G.D.B : 170-592-21-003
S’ Thuong Moi : 2466 B
Ho’n Thu : 2372
TONG DOC PHUONG :
48-50 Tong Doc Phuong
Saigon 5-01 : 37469
BINH DU’ONG :
1,14 Von Duyet
Binh Duong-DT : 79
– Nhon cac kho a’n ky thac
– Thuc hien moi nghiep vy ngan han’g
– Phuc vy o’n cho’
– Lich su’
VONG THUONG CHA’NH
PHAN CHU’A TA VUAN
Calender 1975 from january(Janvier ) to December (Decembre) every day ‘s with Heoro or saint day , like 1st January : M Jour De L’AN, 31th December : M.S.Sylvestre, 25th December: Noel(Christmas)., and centimeter schales from 1 cm to 10 cm.
Saturday (thu bay) , 1 , February Thang Hay
Ngay 21 thang Chep du nam GIAP DAN
NAM AT MAO
DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG
KINH CHUC VI THAN CU
MOT NAM MOI HANH PHUC VA THINH VUONG
Sunday 2 February
Chu nhat Thang hai
Ngay 22 thang Chap du nam GIAP DAN
Doi Dai ve Cha
DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG
Monday 3 February
Thu hai Thang hoi
(same as above,after this not included)
11-2-75 Hong cije a quan nua
Thuoac hut au cam roi dti lau
Dten so hu 8-10/ C’ est lache
,de faire le faux.le jauos
C’est la lachee a’ qui de l hac
De faublesse.Thap tu nhat sinh
Nen cun vot.Thap loec chung
Sinh noi bo. Diox ca the
Gran nay ma mot wsec theiu-
Dtay nai co du ich gi?
5-2-75 Sang nay, nong cafe
Thuo lac 150$ ay com roi dti
Laen chau dot so. Den so
8 kem 5.(handwritten)
Ngan Hang cua gioi Doanh thuong
(the complete informations of Lich Bo Tui 1975 will put at the date that written in the that pocket book’s dairy, this collection very interesting and best for showed after copy in the bigger format illustration and translate in English, please someone help me to translate –auth)
North Vietnam General Van tien Dung goes south to take command of Vietcong (Vietnam revolutionary liberation) forces(D)
6-2-75 (hanwritten) . Deu do’ muon gan 10 g Toi na vi moi o nhen lo nghi vu vo, Co chou Dat dti lu do voi co, ain tria nghi co’ sang bea khu VH choi, au pho ,ga 150, chau dat nong muoi 90$. Lui bon ngoi nghi mot nai nuod phut ma ve , ve lai sang bui HC ngoi nghe ong xuan ve Soan noi ungi mot lac moi toi vo Sang phan TV lam utcc. Buoi chien noi tuyen ong ve ie nho ung roi lif law wei nha thuong.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
7.2.75(handwritten).Thang pho nec tai vi xe va bo lao, hoi buon au com ra dti law din so.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
8.2.75(hanwritten) .Hom nay vi law dai biet rat vui ve. Dai so 8-15 C.S. ha? Gray to rat vui ve can thuong, nhung co nga lai thoi khong can, thuef ches chua co suong dai, ve nha. Buoi sang o nha co aia yho bi 150 $. Lai au them 50# Soi cho chau Dat thuoo la Ba tay kang.
Su tat dtuoc 1.2.3 ngay lai di lam nu nha thuong tu hon tha 6, hom nay thue hai chu nhat hoi dti le?, choan chu nhat hoi nga dte chin, thue boy thi lioi gat gong, au banh tuong nhong dtuoc ngon vi gray phai luon sau thuoc thuom. Mang dtuoc nau moi, moi su an lanh xia thieu chua ra em cho gra donh dtuoc moi su lyui am. Va ruong con dtuoc thoe manh. Hom nay thu hai. (lich Ho Tui 1975)
At this page of Lich Ho Tui 1975, handwritten in Vietnamese and Chinese char
“ Nhat loan xuan thuy nhat phuong dtau thuon co danh, nhan tu khoe lai, Bach-tach bau duyai grai-ai lao, Hong hoa bat haong ho-thanh khai. Hiiu tri xuan khu khong dte thu, Sau khiep trau xau co yem dtoi, Lien lo duen chuong die vau su Kim chi hoang kinh co boy lai.”
The chinese charcter tranlate “
“ “ (may be from the friend of the pocket dairy ownwer, because different style written, please comment-auth)
(7) February ,12th and 13th 1975
On this two page of Luon HO Tui 1975 pocket dairy, handwritten in two type character Chinese and vietnamese
The Chinese character translete :
The Vietnamese character :
“ Mot ang xuan dtai nuoc chay quan , trai xua du –loch bai tai danh, Tho dte dta trang tho cong loa, canh thien hoa vang chay dtinh, Chien xun goi xuan thuongbla biec,nui kinh nho bui phu rao xang xa loan biet ngu xasa con dau nay thay non bong khaes van tanh”
17.2.75(hanwritten).Hom nay hay 17.2.75 u’c dau thon ma nua, nguoi thay lon lang de cgeu, tuy van e am muon viet dtuoc nhien nhung so yui khong chiu no phan cong. Vi vay hoi buon va dti cham tac phan khong viet nhanh dtuoc,Khong buit muoi dto viet cua vau so chuyen nghe co nhu vay khong va ra the nao?
Nho ngay xua tuen lau noi nae khong biet vi con ngoqua.Ta con cholon me noi, luc namg u may boy uic noi.
Thang cu dti voi cau truong Hoang. Thu tu, hom qua ngay ay-2 dti lam nhu thuong buon twa dti choi ve ngua bin Ho, ong K dau chuoc dep, minh noi dto buon la ong An biet K le tuo xua choyen mon.(lich ho tui 1975)
(9) February, 19th.1975
Hom nay thu tui 19.2 moi vuoc vous cua a, bay gao lu dta 11 tuoi mau mat chu khong vi bui , dtat vin voi(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
(10) February, 20th.1975
20.2 Deu so gan 8 –moi, suoc dau thom cho khoe,dten goi viet nay chua ce dtoc gra nao dai 21-Dao gao dten lua thua.
22.Nho Phuong Di loui gre nay moi co mot dtoa gra 9 koi 5, au di but de la con vu satoan, viet la polition phu impotante. It est ga co h de char char a u qui , ous don ne la na’moine u est fauih di char char ce qou vous von lay.(Lich Ho Tui 1975)
Ho Ten : Nguyen Van Thay
Lan Nam : 5 So danh bo 337168
Ngay va noi: sann 03 02 1962
Dieu Hoe : Dinh Tuong
Con on : Nguyen van Noy
Va Ba : Nho thi San
Dia chi :23/73 Nguyen Van hoc Chau
Gia Dinh Ngay 01 Thang 3 Nam 1975
Nam Thi Chy-Hoc Chan Gia
Nay buoi trisa ra sag ngain canh nho chay, nong chai nad oc 100$ ve au them 50$ dau phong (lac0 Din bi lau cvee ce ong o ben TTP phy yledin cua sang muion gap ong PT dti nor tuyen (lich bo tui 1975)
Below a phrase written in Franch character :
“ Une sowice de l’air lec printerps sous l’ear courant d’aeton.
A travers le jachis, le voyage ed l’homase de talent
Le paernu est insen’t sur la piveu blachi,en soullant.
Le spectacle qui pas de fleurs jave ni soent ‘n est pas juli.
Les osseau en se rappelen du joun tengo ons d’ailterce petie’les feuillage government vertes.
Le mortague a peur d’attein du les ponotiene qrasecouvremes avec les plantes orgenses et bleues .
Le routives d’autos reyaux par l’ e’criture nobli soisuteneart das lignes de jadis.
Apparn au gourd d’hai de joyenx montagre le visiteur n’y exeste pas. (lich ho tui 1975)
Xe nhan con nho 6/3/75 (lich ho tui 1975)
Duong loi vo chu nghan cua co so (lich ho tui 1975)
Cong vree dtoc sais and in english :”weeding through the old to bring fourth the new Confusius advocated virtue, benevolence and righteourness no characteristoes of the upright rules, and Mencious advancing the confusian tradition, argued for the innate goodness of human nature”
In another page a letter in vietnamese character
Nguyen cau Mang
Dien mot ben ma Hai mot ben Nho ai non thuy buoi chan lan thu kau suong nhat ba chom cuc, am vang may che niet ngoi dten Linh thay nhin biu com thay cho, Ho thanh ha? Nui dta thay ten.
Dong A kai may om den be .
Huong khoi lang dtay dtuc vung ben.
Minh mong cua dta luc nui vong quanh, Lap vong lo xo dta gap gheuk.
Khe tham hang sau xay tac dtong, Tra xanh muoc biec ve voi tram .
Thuyen buong truong Hbo tam lanh lang buon khaeh dton von boy ai chanh.
Tho tac kheu thay bay dtat kheo, Ha doung ueng mot canh xinh xinh .
Dong chou nguyen hue bien
(lic ho tui 1975)
At Li Ho Tui 1975, page February 20,21,22 23,24 and 25th , another information written in Vietnamese :
“Nua o-at mot tioi tuon dte thai .Gia gam gai, khap dtat quat cong lin.Sam nao dtong ca tuoi may tan-tac .Thoang anh lec, tic chop vu doi dtem.
Khap lang xom nha nha xien toi mai.Nua nhu ten vien vut ban tung hoanh tung hoi oi ve dai trang so hoi, Trung gio gain rui rit huy tre xanh.
Mua xuan lam tam nhe roi troi xuan dtain am long ngui tinh ten.Phat pho may canh hoa dtai,Nhon nho khu nhac tien canh, Lai cang nhu ve tranh tuyen voi.
Qui toi ce heu,co dau, codtan trang,co cau hui tinh. O caydta,co mai dtinh, Co bay thon nu xinh xinh duc dong.
Mua thu co nhung ha lang, co cay dtu buoi xuan sang dap din. Gia vi vu ti erg sao dien, Ru hon nue ta chien chien tien dte Cho lang co lam qua qui :
Banh dta, banh dtuc,banh lac, banh day. Dau thon co tup quan gay Tinh qui nhue bat nuoc dtay du tam ngo tu nhue khoch quo cu oi.
Veon qui tham mat huong nhai,luong cau. Thang tu chanh com goi dtau.Huong seu ngat ca vuon rau ac beo.Thang hai hou buoi roi nhiem, Ong ong ba em haon dap diu tun hoa, Khum khum gran muoyi ao nha,Cau tre lu tre vui dtua tap boi.
Tieng ga tua lang choi va, Tieng chien en gay,buon oi le buon ! Ngay ngau gio ky nua dton, Mai tranh re nhung le buon va vo.Dem dai nhep tuong vong dtua, Loi ru di oi ngau xua vong ve. Nho nhung sau mat le thu,xa xoi nghe day hon qua nao nung.
Cac tinh thuong du
Hoi Ninh , Lang-son, Lao-bang, Bai-lau,Tuyen-quang, Ha grang, San-La, Lai-Chan, Yin Bay, La0-Lai, Hoa-Binh.
Cuc tinh Trung du
Cai ting Trung chau
Bai Minh,hai Duong, Hung Yen, Kiui An, thai Binh,Ham dtong, Ha Nam. Ha Dong, San Tay, Ninh You va Phuc Yai.
At page Februarym 26,27,28th, information written in vietnamese and France :
Hoi van thon que
O lai qui la noi nguoi sinh tuong,cung dtat dtai,hanh phuc huong lau ben. Gac ngoai tai nhung loi noi huyen thien, Koe thanh thi voi bao niem trang le.Ve ky tu, ron rang chi dtang be.Day xe hoi, thanh lich the ma thoi cheu momang, ao ndoc hao, ban oi. Hua nhiem dtay,nhung cho thoi rat itchi cho bang rung xanh,dtang lua chin, voi co hua, voi nghe nghiep quen roi. Cao quy thay roi ong viec sinh sa laoi ngu coc dte muoi nguoi bon bi.
Paysans, notex aux champs
Aux voix quivous drout la ville et sewervealles. Nou vry pas voty eaur, paysans ,nes a vui os!
A l’appel du cites, n’ouvrez pas vos oxilles. Alles donnent, helas, moius que elles d’out promis.
A vos champs, a vos bois,demeurez doic fidels. Ai mez vos doux valleus, aimez votre miteer!
Auguste est le travarl le vos mains patervelles.C’est de votre labour qui vit le monde entica.
Autran (la vic rural)
On demontre qui la conolition
Necessaire et sufficante pour qu’um fraction irreductible puosse etre nuise seus forme de fraction decimal exacte est qui sou denominateur nei contience pas d’autre factueur premier qeu 2 et 5.
Dien Kim cam va dtu dte’ cho mit phan so khong thi pham hien thuo phan so thiap phan chung kae nghia lomau so xhy co chua nhy gia to tau tie 2 va 5.
GHI CHU-page 1
Hanh dien I : La agusi Viet Nam
Hanh dien II : Khong gi qui hon su suy nghi
Hanh dien III : Dung nen lua doi tinh thuong hay tinh yen
Hanh dien IV : Doi la mat
Tinh thau cuoc chien dtau
Hanh dien V : Doi quan he
Dao dtuc o nhung viec nho, viec nho lam cao dtiep tinh than cua ta.
GHI CHU-page 2
Dai Phat thanh Vietnam
58 pho Quan Su hanoi.
After three GHI CHU PAGE, we found on the Lich Bo Tui 1975 information :
1) Dia chi, so dien thoai can nhu(telpon-auth)
Canh-sai cu’u cap : 17
So cu’u hoa : 18
Bo Chi Huy CSOG Thi-do :268 Tran-hung-Dao Saigon
DT 20.093,21.376, 23.576, 21.794,21.795.
BCH CSOG Quan 1: 11,Mac-Dinh-Chi-DT 20.029,24.029
“ Quan 2: 73,Bac-si yersin-DT.20.095,20.643
“ Quan 3: 245,Le-vin-Duyet.DT.20.027,24.924
“ Quan 4:24,Doan-nhu-Hai.DT.21.58,24.188
“ Quan 5: 359,Dong-Khanh.DT 36.154,36.595
“ Quan 6:114,Pham-van-Chi.DT 36.141,36.595
“ Quan 7:184,Ben Nguyen Duy,DT 36.138
“ Quan 8:143.Tung-Thien Vuong,DT 36.113
“ Quan 9: DT 40.868(Dac Khu 9)
“ Quan 10: 336. Nguyen-Tri-Phuong.DT.36.896
“ Quan11:270.Binh-Thoi – DT. 50.092
So Canh Sat Lu’u Thong: 341,tran-hung_Dao DT. 23.554
BCH/CSOG Gia Dinh. 18 Chi-Lang – DT 20.802
BANG CHI DUONG DI HO
TU SAIGON :
Angkor 560 cs Long Thanh 90 cs
Ba Ria 110 Long Xuyen 190
Bac Lieu 276 Loc Ninh 135
Banmethout 353 My Tho 71
Ben Tre 86 Nam Vang 240
Bien Hoa 30 Nha Trang 448
Binh Tuy 174 Phan Thiet 198
Chi Mau 344 Phan Rang 321
Can Tho 169 Pleiku 538
Chau Doc 245 Qui Nhon 677
Cho Lon 5 Rach Gia 248
Da Nang 972 Sa Dec 143
Da Lat 302 Soc Trang 231
Gia Dinh 5 Tan An 47
Go Cong 58 Tay Ninh 96
Ha Tien 338 Tay Vinh 198
Ha Noi 1.760 Thu Duc 15
Hue 1.079 Thu Dau Mot 30
Hon Quang 124 Vinh Long 136
Kon Tum 599 Vung Tau 123
Long Hai 116 Xuan Loc 82
BAN TEN CAC TINH VIET NAM
Ten Tinh Ten Tinh Ly
MIEN TAY :
Kien Phong Cao-Lanh
MIEN DONG :
Bien-Hoa Bien Hoa
Phuoc-Long Phuoc Binh
Phuoc-Thanh Phuoc Vinh
Binh Tuy Ham-tan
CAO NGUYEN TRUNG PHAN :
TRUNG NGUYEN TRUN PHAN:
Thi Xa : HUE-DA-NANG- DALAT- CAM-RANH- VUNG TAU.
CHUNG CHUC TAN XUAN
Tong Phat Hanh Sach, Bao
Cung cap dung cu Van Phong
Va dung cu Hoc Sinh.
185-187 , Nguyen Thai Hoc
Dien thoai : 23.867
Giam doc : Ba HUYNH THI DU
32 , Lac Long Quan
S A I G O N 2
Dai Ly , Bot mi SAKYBOMI Va
Moi cuoi thang tu 25 duong lich DOANH THUONG NGAN HANG
Kinh tang Lich Bo Tui cho thang sau.Kinh moi Quy vi Than chu den hoi .So Ngan Quy hoac tai can Chi nhanh D.T.N.H.
(Very interesting information have found inside the pocket book ‘Lich Ho Tui 1975 during the vietnam liberation war in 1975 very difficult to found the unique document collections, please someone helpme to translate the vietnamese and Franch character information, please comment-auth)
Vietcong capture Banmethout(D)
(3) March 15th1975
Thieu meet with his commanders at Camranh, orders nothern provinces of South Vietnam abandoned.(D)
10) March.20th 1975
Thieu reverses himself, order Hue held at all cost(D)
(5) March .25th1975
The Hue city falls to Vietcong(D)
(6) March .39th1975
Vietcong capture Danang.
(7) March.31th 1975
Pilotbeuro in Hanoi direct General dung to push toward Saigon in the “Ho Chi Minh campaign”(D)
4)April 1975-The last Month of Saigon US-Vietnam regime.
(1) April 7th1975
Le Duc Tho arrives at Vietcong headquaters at Locninh, to oversee offensive
(2)AS the North Vietnam army thrust south, millions of refugees fled in terror toward Saigon .
(3) South Vietnamese refugees are slung into hold of a cargo ship as they anxiously strive to flee the advancing Vietcong.(P
(4) Prior to the Fall of Saigon
Nguyen Bao Tung (Best Vietnamese phillatelist) former captain of the republic of Vietnam’s Army (ARVN) , was the commander of the 34 th MP-CID ( Military Police-Criminal Investigation Detachment) in Saigon.
In his collections contains President Nguyen van Thieu stamps on cover bored the signatures of the president and official seals of Goverment.
In 1975 he wrote about stamps for “ de la Timbrologie”, “ Le Monde des Phillatelie, Bien-Tong Ji-Pao (in Chinese)
( Who was the owner of this very rare covers , please showed us, I have the Thieu stamps 10 Dong, postally covers with KBC stamped, when I have seeking the information via Gogle exploration I found this Nguyen Bao Tung informations –auth)
The Military “Gia Phep”Dao Biet certificate issued by Chu ky va dau,trung ta by quan tieu Doan truong tien Doan- complete certificate look at no (19).
(6) April .21th1975
(a)Vietcong capture Xuan Loc, last South Vietnamese defense line before Sai-gon (D)
(b) With the North Vietnam army encircling Saigon , President Thieu officially resigned on April,21th 1975
President Ford, speaking in New Orleans , calls the war “finished”(D)
(8) April.26th 1975
(a)Thieu leaves Saigon for taiwan(D)
(The president Thieu stamp 10 dong was issued march 26th 1963, the first day covers reported in vietnam postmark catalog with postmark” ngay nng-dan vietnam” and I have the very rare postally used on cover -auth)
(b)President Nguyen van Thieu turned the government over to Vice President Tran Van Huong, but Huong resigned a days later, turning the office over to Duong van Minh, who was acceptable to the North Vietnamese officially surrendered as the North Vietnamese tanks rammed through the gate of the Presidential palace on August 1975.
(Thieu originally took refugee in Taiwan , but later moved to Londen, where he lived several years. He had a vary quite life, avoiding the limelight and granting few interviews. He later moved to US living in affluent Boston suburb. Slowly, he began to reemerge, travalling to portion of the world, talking with symphatic groups in 1989-1990.
In an organizing groups to support change in Vietnam , he said that he no longer wanted a leadership position thetre (“I am old too old to take power again’) but wanted to lend hisexperience to those pushing reforms. He said he hoped to return someday to his homeland.
As of 1996, Thieu was still living near Boston, holding to a quiet life. He to the repoter :” I read ( discuss) the work in my home “. Thieu died on Saturday September ,29th,2001 ,in Beth Israel Deaconss Medical Center , caused of death unspecified., he was 78.-auth)
Vice-President Tran van Huong transfers authority as chief of state to General Duong van Minh (D)
(10) April 29th1975
evacuation of last Americans from saigon, begins, Ambassador Martin Depart(D)
a US helicopter evacuated American and a few lucky Vietnam-ese to the safety of a nearby US warship a day before the fall of Saigon (P)
(c)The fall of Saigon as the last Americans and accompanying Vietnamese were lifted from the American Embassy in a frenzied evacuation, seventy helicopters carrying 1000 people to safety on the US warship lying offshore.
(d) But hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese officers and civil servants who had been loyal to the American-backed South Vietnam regime were left behind .
(11) April 8th1975
The Military “Giay Phep” DaoBiet
certificate was issued at KBC 4.709 (Cholon) sign y Chu ky va dau , trung –ta boi quan Tieu-doan-Truong tian Doan 5 Nhay –Du .
(a)phan 1 : Don Xin Nghi Phep
Cap bac : Binh-2 Ho vaten : Nguyen Van dong So quan : 67/813418 Don Vi : TD 5 ND/DD53.
So ngay nghi phep : 04 ngay ke tu : 08,10.75 den 14.04.75.
Ly do : An thuong hanh quan
Lam tai KBC : 4.709
Mai nhan don. Chi’huy truong KBC 4.709.
(b) Phan II: Kien Cua Cap Chi Huy Trung Tham Quyen Cap Phep
(c) Phan III : Quyet Dinh Cua Gioi Chuc Tham Quyen Cap Phep
Hiay phep so : 274/ta 5/ DD
Quyet Dinh : duoc q huong them
Duong-su nghi phep
Ngay du duong va phai ve trinh dien ngay 14.04.75.
Cap bac, Ho va Ten,chuc vu va so dien thoai cua
Noi nhun : Duong Su-Dan Vi cao phep, Don vi quan thu ho-so.(OD)
(the latest document issued by the Vietnam Cong Hoa Army (AVRN), 12 days before Vietcong Captured Saigon, best collection for showed ,please comment-auth)
Vietcong Capture Saigon, Colonel Bui Tin have surrender to Vietminh.
(13) April,31th. 1975
(a)Victory, South Vietnam was completely liberated and Vietnam reunified , the stamps issued by Saigon Regime terminated its circulation.(D)
Hundred thousands of Vietnamese officers and civil servant who had beeen loyal to the American –backed South Vietnamese regime were taken to camps and joint the rigid “Re-education”, where some spent months and other years, a Vietnamese Gulag.
(B) Trong cuoc Tong tien cong va noi day mua Xuan 1975, bang he thong duong ong va cac kho chua, bo doi xang dau da cung cap 96 van tan xang, dau, mo, nhanh chong tra nap cac loai nhien lieu cho hang ngan xe phao, may bay, ham thuyen , khi tai may moc cua cac quan chung, binh chung, cac quan doan, su doan, bao dam cho bo doi va binh khi ky thuat co dong than loc, nhanh chong trien khai tien cong dich tren cac huong.
Khoi luong nhien lieu tieu thu nam 1975 gap 25 lan khoi luong nam 1954,gap 16 lan khoi lluong tieu thu trong chien dich Xuan He 1972(D)
(c)The final communist drive to take Saigon in 1975 was officially dubbed the Ho Chi Minh Offensive, and afterward become Ho Chi Minh City (ibid Stanley Karnow-p171)
4) May 1975 no info
5) June 1975 no info
6)July 1975 no info
7) August 1975
(1)August ,7th 1975
Rice Distribution coupon from August to December 1975, every month 7/8/75 50 kg, 1/8/75 100 kg and 18/7/75 100 kg.with stamped Ba Thu Thien.
The Stencil coupon were issued by Thanh Pho Saigon Gia Dinh , Uy Ban Nhan Dan Cach Mang Quan 10.
Hieu Mua Dau Lua Han Thang
Cap Cho Dong Bao To Khai Gia Dinh.
Ten Ho Gia Truong : Nguyen ThiChac
Nha o’ :724/26 Phan Thanh Bian Saigon 10.
(Moi lan ban deu,nguoi quen Ly cat o ra giao cho Phuong trach nhiem kiem soat)
(3) Official Cover with Stamped,without stamps, send by courier.
Vietnam Cong Hoa Phu Thu-Tuong,
Nha Tong Ginh Boc Cong-Vu.from Trung Tam Huan Luyen Quan Doc Tu Nghiep , 10 Tran Quoc Toan Saigon to Kinh gui : Ong Tran Hieu Nghia , 30 Nguyen Van Hoc, Gia dinh saigon.
(The earliest official cover and letter ,Porsonal delivered without stamp and postal stamped.)(OD)
9) September 1975 no info
10) October 1975 no info
11) November 1975
(1) November.27th 1975
The rare Ho Chi Minh cover with Ho Chi Minh stamp , Khong Co Gi Quy Ho’n Doc Lap Tu Do, send from An Hai to Truong Nong lam Su-bao-Loc but the stamps didn’t cancelled, the leter inside
An Hai 27-11-75
Em Truan !
Hom goi cho, con quen nhung mon tau dan, san dac ma auc ten, o nha goi cho env,nhung mon con thieu.
Gia dinh tat ca von binh an, lam an van nhu ngay hao.
Hot ga goi ten env nen hong soi coiu dtuong cho bo. Co gi em nhan voi dac nor ho, Chi.(OD&PH)
4.3.4 The Saigon – Thanh Pho Ho Chi Minh during Unity Vietnam 1976-1980
a. The Vietnam after the fall of Saigon in 1976.
1) January 1976
(1)Information from Qaaderni UNHCR by Sadako Ogata “An Instrument of Peace”
In 1976 International public opinion becomes aware of the dramatic exodus by sea from Vietnam
The expression “Boat people” become famous throughtout the world, other people flee by land also from Laos and from Cambodia.(D)
2) February 1976 no info
3) March 1976 no info
4) April 1976 no info
5) Mei 1976 no info
6) June 1976 no info
7) July 1976
(a)The National Assembly of Vietnam decided to change the name of country into The Socialist Republic Of Vietnam.(D)
(b)At the moment stamps issued by The Provisional Revolutionary Govern-ment of South Vietnam and The Democratic Republic of Vietnam had run their course and merged into the postage stamps of the Socialist republic of Vietnam with the inscriptio “VIET NAM” . The last set of these two flows of revolutionary stamps feature the map of Vietnam, peaches and apricot in blossom nd the inscription “Vietnam is one, the Vietnamese Nation is one” and “Independence ,Unification and Socialism”.
(2) Native Vietnam document with Indonesia information 1975-1976.
HOAT DONG QUAN SU CUA MY O KHU VUC CHAU ATHAI BINH DUONG SAU VIET NAM.
Sau that bai tham hai o Viet nam, camp-pu-chia va Lao de quoc . My dang gap rut cung con va dieu chinh cac tuyen chien luoc chua chung o chau A va Thai Binh Duong.
(a). Bam giu nhung vi tri con lai o Dong Nam A.
Tang vien tro quan su cho In-do-ne-xi-a tu 20 trieu len 42,5 trieu do-la trong nam tai chinh 1976. vien tro quan su cho Phi-lip-pin 35 trie do-la trong tai khoa 1975-1976.dat muc cao nhat ve vien tro quan su cho nuoc nay tu 25 nam nay.
(b). Cung co tuyen”phong thu chien luoc”Dong Bac A,
(c). Co ve lap tuyen ngan chan o”vung Long chao Thai Binh Duong”
(d).Tang cuong lien minh quan su My-Nhat.
(3) Native Vietnam Propaganda:
“TOAN QUAN HANG HAI THI DUA QUYET THANG, RA SUC XAY DUNG QUAN DOI. CUNHG CO QUOC PHONG. XAY DUNG DAR NUOC. VI TO QUOC GIAU MANH. VI HANH PHUC CUA NHAN DAN” (D)
(4)2nd August 1976
Pre stamped 60 Dong letter sheet with + 50 % stamped, and the cross line, Thu May Bay Aerogram letter sheet , not postal cancelled, personal deliver , the letter :
Sue nay anh den nha, em ca dtua co chia anh coi mot cai thu tien quan Doan goi cho em Coi xong em luong anh cuoi nhung khong ngo anh lai co coc mat buon buon (co dtung vay khong anh ) cons buon gi the ?
Anh oi! Sau keu coi xong anh co’ y’ nghi nhu the nao cho rieng em teh coi xong cai thu ay la con mim cuoi mot nu cuoi khong de soa em dta khong ong an ngai doc cho ma nghe coi ca Vay cai thu sao ma no gia doi den vie, dten khi nho coa nu tkhong het coi lung boc , hoi tham suc khoc ,nhung luc binh ung thi song chet moic bay.
Anh! So di em muon anh coi voi em khong muon dau anh mot dien gi ca vu cho anh viay so cham lo chu dtai cua cap tien doi coi ban them em !!!!!!!!!! Nhg khong ngo anh lai buon, em mong anh dtung suy nghi va dtung buon vi la thu dto nha anh hua voi em nha anh cu em ?
Nam nay em thu vew y khoa cho’ khong veo Nha nhei nam yoeu q Su phan nhu y dteonh mo uoc anh vay anh co mon keung ha anh.
Neu co buon em dtreu gi thu noi cho em met hoeie thong cam cho con cho dtung gian em nha anh, hoac la 1 minh mang lay roi o noi gi dten di coi nho nho nhe anh.
Em cua anh
8) August- 10) October 1976 no info
11) November 1976
(1) November 2nd1976
Jimmy Carter elected president of the United States (D)
(2) UNHCR INFORMATION(IBID Sadako Ogata)
After the Vietnam war , in 1975 a mass exodus of Indochineese began, both by land toward Thailand and by sea ( The fammous Boat people) towards the region near the Indochina pennisula : Malaysia, Indonesia etc.
More than one million people were involved and clearly the host countries were unable to bear the heavy barden of all those requesting asylum.
As the trime a kind of international resettlement bridge was organized , directing refugees mainly toward the United States,France, Canada and Australia, countries which in their turn successfully organized their integration .(D)
(1) December,22th. 1976
A Chrismast card lady with candle, and written in chinese character, send inside the Cover from Binh Minh(VinhLong) CDS Binh Minh 26.12.1976, the earliest new name with dai Hoi Dang Lan Thu IV stamps to TP Ho Chi Minh,the neww name of Saigon City, CDS small rolling type T.P.Hochi Minh I 27.12.1976. (this was the earlist T.P.Ho Chi Minh CDS,please report who have the earliest one-auth)
b. Republic Socialist Vietnam in 1977
(1)january ,21th 1977
The day after his inauguration, Carter pardons most of 10.000 Vietnam war draft evaders,(D)
2) February 1977 no info
3) March 1977
(1) Assistent Secretary of State begins talks with Vietnamese officials to explore US recognition of Vietnam.(D)
(2) The constant stream of refugees from South Vietnam by sea (The Boat People) and overland to Thailand, Malaya and Hongkong also aggravated Vietnam’s neighbours.
The United States accepted hundres of thousands of Vietnamese , and more recently, numbers of “Amerasians” , the mixed children of US servicemen and Vietnamese.
(3) The Boat Man photo in Indonesia newspaper(OP)
(4) The Boat Man in Galang Island Indonesia where they were checked before transvered to another country, and the Mobile Brigade from wset Sumatra had tasked in that area, (some document and Postal History will discuss in specialized postal history discussions.auth)
4)April 1977 no info
5) May 1977
The beautiful green cover with red flower send from Tra Vinh CDS 15.6.1977 with Dai Hoi Dang Lan Thu IV stamp of Buu Chinh Viet nam via CDS VINH-LONG 15.6.1977 to Than Pho Ho Chi Minh the new name of Saigon city, cds Bigger CDS Vietnam *THANH-PHO HO-CHI-MINH* 16-6 1977 small type Vietnam*Tanh Pho Ho Chi Minh I 17.6.1977.
(rare postal history with four cds destination after the Vietnam liberation War, please report the earliest of Tanh Pho Ho Chi Minh CDS,auth)
c.Republic Socialis Vietnam in 1978
1) -5) no info
6) June 1978
(1)Vietnam Join Comecon, the East European economic community.(D)
7) July 1978
(1)Tension between Vietrnam and Cambodia buil up, relation between Vietnam and China deteriorate (D)
The Special cover Vietnam Map with Communist flag , Dai Hoi IV Dang Cong San Vietnam with Ho Chi Minh 12 d stamp with red Map , send from cds TP Ho Chi Minh-15250 to Tran Phu Quan 5 cds rollyng small type 15250.TP Ho Chi Minh.
8)-9) no info
10) October 1978
United State postpones plan to normalize relations with Vietnam
11) November 1978
Vietnam and Soviet Union sign a friendship pact, which the Chinese term a “threat to the security” of South east Asia. Vietnam starts to trepress its ethnic Chinese minority, thousand flee the country.(D)
12) December 1978
(a)Carter announces full-scale diplomatic relation between the United States and China(D)
(b)Relations with her nothern neighbour reached their nadir when Vietnam invaded and occupied most of Kampuchea and expelled the Chinese-backed Pol Pot regime. The Vietnamese –installed government was ostracised by the International community and Vietnam was condemed.
(c) Thousand of “Boat people” begin to flee Vietnam (D)
(2) December, 25th. 1978
Vietnam invaded Cambodia
d. Republic Socialist Vietnam in 1979
The private cover send from Nha 14 Toi Vi cds Tan nghia Viet 62551 to Phu Nhuan Gia Dinh cds TP Ho Chi Minh 75400 and small rolling CDS 75000 TP Ho chi Minh-3- *Vietnam*
2) February 1979
The chinese mounted an armed attack across the Vietnamese border. (D)
3) March 1979
The Chinese armed forces withdrew as Beijing put it “taught” on Vietnamese a “lesson’ . There in the 1980s the Chinese maintained a threatening posture on Vietnam’s nothern border with occasional armed classes, but relations have become musch less tence since Vietnam withdrew from kampuchea in 1989.
Vietnam remained isolated until the early 1990s, and no large-scale international aid or capital investment hand reached her. The potential of the hardworking and adaptable Vietnamese continues to be unexploited. A people who saffered so much deserved a better fate, and there were increasing sign that the United States felt she had a moral responsibility to help.
HO CHI MINH CITY , PHIEU VAI 1979 LINEN DISTRIBUTION 4 METER , WITH 10 CM TO 40 CM, TWO COLOUR TYPE RED AND GREEN WITH Vietnam Socialist ermoured and So Thung De Hiep stamped. This coupon were the earliest HO Chi Minh City document after the fall of Saigon in 29th April 1975 (OD)
5)-6) no info
7) July 1979
Information from UNHCR (ibiet Sadako Ogita)
The situation in south east Asia is serious due to the presence of large members of Vietnamese, Laotian, and Kampuchean refugees.
An International conferenrence in July 1979 achieved very successful result : 260.000 resettlement places, contribution for 160 millions dollar and the opening of two transit centreres placess contributions for 160 million dollars for resettlement (D)
Between 1978band 1980, China settles 263.000 Vietnamese mainly of C hinese ethnic origin with other arrivals in following years. They will become 283.000 , sttled in 194 state farms and fishing operations.
UNHCR intervens with project to assist their integretion.
It is UNHCR policy to turn to resettlement of refugees in a third country when other solution are not feasible. For example, a high number of Indochinese refugees have been resettled in the United States and other Western countries.(D)
8)-9) no Info
10) October 1979
(1) October, 7th.1979
The Green cover with red flower send from Cam Ranh Phu (no CDS), to CDS TP Ho Chi Minh 15100.
11)-12) no info
e. Ho Chi Minh city and VIETNAMSE BOAT’s PEOPLES IN-1980.
1) no info
2) February 1980
In this month, Indonesia Police Mobile Brigade Kompi-06 West sumatra Padang Panjang have joined the “Halilintar”operation at Pulau Galang in order to keep the stabilty situation during the Vietnamese Refugees processing the island near Riau Island and Singapore, live temporary at the refugee Camp “ Vietnam Refugee Galang Island Camp”.
Since June and July 1979, many Vietnamese refiugee, thousands with small boats flee from Vietnam, they were called “Boat People” many died in the sea due to Boat crash due to many mans in small boat.
As a humanity , Indonesia give an Island of Galang where the processing by United nation were made.
3) no info
(1)The Operation of Indonesia Armed Forces (Police were in Armed Forces that this time) were called “HALILIN-TAR OPERATIONS” , from the Mobile Brigade-man I have found Postal History, document and memorabilia :
Order from the Command of Halilintar operations, The Chief Staff Navy General(laksmana Pertama) TNI(Indonesia National Army) Kunto Wibisono with the “Panglima”(Chief) of Halilintar Operation Command(Komando Operasi Halilintar) issued at Tanjung Pinang Riou 12 April 1980.(D)
(b) Postal History
(2.1)Military cover from the Command of halilintar Operation to the command of Mobile Brigade Police Second Leutenant fajar Prihantoro, this cover sent via courier.(PH)
(2.2) Official Military Covers send via courier, from Komando(command) Satuan Pengaman (stability unit) and Perawatan (care) Pengungsi (Refu-gee) Vietnam Pulau(Island) Galang to WA(deputy) Dan (Commandant) Ki (Compi) 0-6 SB(Moblie Brigade west sumatra) at Tanjung Pinang. With the sign of the Deputy H.Prihantoro when he have given this cover to me.(D)
5)-9) no info
10) October 1979
(1) October 4th 1979
(a)Vietnamese refugee Pulau galang emblemed cover send postally CDS Tandjung Pinang 4.10.79 rate 60 Rupiah to his wife Padang Pandjang west sumatra .(PH)
(b) Return to sender registered covers I have send to the Police Pos Command of Vietnamese Pulau galang, with Sial Sdh berangkat (They have departured)
(c)Official letter sheet Vietnamese refugee Pulau galang (M)
(d)The Sticker of Vietnamese Refugee Pulau galang.
11) November 1980
12) December 1980
The civil homemade cover send with Military stamps 1976-1980 , 2×12 (?) from Tinh Ha Son Binh to Than Pho Ho chi Minh.
FINISH-FINISH- CONGRATULATION- VIETNAM UNITY- VIVA REPUBLIC SOCIALIST VIETNAM.